Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

№4, 2009, volume 5

Anniversary Dates (august-december 2009)

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №4 Pages: 647-649
Heading: History of Medicine. Anniversary Dates Article type: Tesis
Authors: Editorial Board of "Saratov Journal of Medical Scientific Research"
Organization: Saratov State Medical University


Keywords: history, history of medicine

Scientific School Of Department Of Anesthesiology And Reanimatology

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №4 Pages: 644-646
Heading: History of Medicine. Anniversary Dates Article type: Review
Authors: G.G. Zhdanov, E.B. Kharitonova, I.G. Zhdanov
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

The article highlights the significant data on scientific school of department of anesthesiology and reanimatology at Saratov State Medical University. It points out the main directions of research work of department, defended dissertations, representatives of scientific school of department, teachers and post-graduate students

Keywords: scientific school, anesthesiology and reanimatology

Interdepartmental Cooperation On Stages Of Health Formation And Prophylaxis Of Somatic Pathology

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №4 Pages: 639-643
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Е.М. Fedotova
Organization: Saratov Socio-Economic Institute of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics

The current situation presents lack of real coordination in the area of primary preventive health care which includes medical, psychologic-pedagogical and economic subdivisions. The means of optimization of interdepartmental cooperation in health formation of children and youth are under the study

Keywords: primary prophylaxis, healthy lifestyle, health formation, drug addiction

Realisation Experience And Monitoring Perspectives In The Educational Sphere At Saratov State Medical University

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №4 Pages: 635-638
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Original article
Authors: А.А. Svistunov, V.G. Lim, Yu.V. Chernenkov, E.S. Koznova
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

A great experience of various research instruments in the context of new complex of techniques on collecting and feedback interpretation between various subjects of educational process has been received. Realization experience has been generalized, analyzed and presented in the article

Keywords: questioning, monitoring, feedback, effective instruments, educational process

Diagnostics And Treatment Of Patients With Blood Circulation Insufficiency In Vertebrobasilar Bed

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №4 Pages: 629-634
Heading: Surgery Article type: Original article
Authors: R.Z. Losev, V.N. Nikolenko, I.I. Sholomov, A.M. Khachatryan
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

For improvement of treatment results of patients with vertebrobasilar insufficiency we have analyzed data of medical examination and treatment of 182 patients stayed in clinics of Hospital Surgery and Nervous System Diseases from the 1st of January of 2005 till the 30th of June of 2009. Method of screening diagnostics, quantitative and qualitative blood flow estimation by means of Doppler ultrasonic investigation and angiography have been performed. The cause of blood circulation insufficiency in the vertebrobasilar bed at 87 patients was vertebral artery syndrome and in 95 cases there were the significant hemodynamical damages of blood flow in aorta arch branches and intracranial arteries. The neuroangiotropic therapy has been made for all patients, but the clinical improvement period was short in most cases, more prolonged effect was observed in addition of conservative therapy with plasmapheresis by indications. In the complex treatment of patients with vertebrobasilar insufficiency accompanied by degenerative diseases of spine chemical sympathectomy of vertebral artery in the III segment in the form of procaine and spirit-procaine blockades was made in 116 and 69 cases accordingly. The surgical sympathectomy was made in 15 patients. The surgical operations were made in 62 of 95 patients with significant hemodynamic pathology of blood flow in the vertebrobasilar region. In most cases isolative and combinative reconstructive surgery on carotid arteries was carried out. It played a significant role in blood flow correction. Favorable postoperative results were observed in most cases (93, 5%)

Keywords: vertebral-basilar insufficiency, vertebral artery syndrome, transcranial Doppler ultrasonic investigation

Surgical Tactics In Treatment Of Patients With Hydatid Liver Disease

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №4 Pages: 626-629
Heading: Surgery Article type: Original article
Authors: A.S. Tolstokorov, Yu.S. Gergenreter
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

The analysis of 327 case histories of patients with hydatid liver disease has been performed to find out the optimal surgical access according to the cyst location. Indications for biliary tracts decompression with the use of endoscopic technique have been determined

Keywords: papillosphincterotomy, hydatidectomy, hydatid disease, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

Diagnostics Of Renal Hemodynamics Disturbance In Children And Teenagers With Chronic Constipation, Encopresis And Their Correction

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №4 Pages: 622-625
Heading: Urology Article type: Original article
Authors: A.L. Malykh
Organization: Ulyanovsk Central Sanitary Clinical Hospital

The article gives the detailed issue of results of complex inspection of 90 children and teenagers aged 4-17 with problems of chronic constipation, incontinence and encopresis. Ultrasonic screening has shown various pathology in the functional condition of arterial renal vessels. The method of biological feedback has been considered as prospective method of treatment excluding medication of bladder and small bowel dysfunction. The efficiency of the method was marked at combination of encopresis and incontinence. The purpose of the present research was the study of renal hemodynamics disturbances and working out methods of their correction. The examination included ultrasonic investigation, electromyography and uroflowmetry. The study of functional condition of anterior abdominal wall muscles and pelvic floor muscles was performed by means of «Miomed - 938». All patients received complex therapy on the basis of which the method of biological feedback was used

Keywords: indicator of vascular resistance, feedback method, encopresis, electromyography, chronic constipation

Rehabilitation of Patients with Urological Complications of Radical Surgery on Pelvic Organs

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №4 Pages: 619-622
Heading: Urology Article type: Original article
Authors: V.N. Pavlov, A.R. Zagitov, A.A. Kazikhinurov, A.O. Papoyan, Sh. S. Allakhverdiev
Organization: Bashkir State Medical University of the Russian Health Care, Bashkir Republican Clinical Hospital

One of the commonest urological complications of radical pelvic surgery is enuresis which effects patients quality of life and causes severe physical and moral sufferings. The operational methods of enuresis treatment are unproductive and often lead to recurring and more complicated surgical interventions. All this provides research and development of new non-invasive methods of treatment and rehabilitation of patients with enuresis. Treatment of enuresis after radical operations includes a system of gymnastic exercises for pelvic floor muscles and health resort factors and results in reduction of symptoms and opens new ways of rehabilitation of this category of patients.
Keywords: urological complications, enuresis, rehabilitation, gymnastic exercises, health resort factors, microcirculation

Keywords: urological complications, rehabilitation, microcirculation, health resort factors, gymnastic exercises, enuresis

Results Of Orthotopic Bladder Creation After Radical Cystectomy In Patients With Bladder Cancer

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №4 Pages: 615-619
Heading: Urology Article type: Original article
Authors: V.A. Atduev, A.B. Stroganov, Yu.O. Lyubarskaya, D.S. Ledyaev, V.V. Schutov, G.A. Berezkina, H.M. Mamedov, A.A. Bazaev
Organization: Nizhni Novgorod Regional Clinical Hospital named after N.A.Semashko, N. Novgorod State Medical Academy

This article presents the results of 116 radical cystectomies of patients with bladder cancer. In all the cases various generated modifications of orthotopic bladder including the authors' methodology have been carried out. The structure of complications during the post-operative period has been analyzed. Various complications occurred in 16,4 % of patients. In 3,4 % of cases they caused death. In 74% of cases direct dependence of postoperative complications on advanced tumorous process and severity of accomponied pathology has been identified. Direct dependence on the selection of method of urine derivation has not been found. Five-year cancer survival rate accounted 70 %. The study of patients' quality of life has been performed using EORTC-QLQ-C-30. High indices have been worked out. Dependence on the method of orthotopic bladder creation has been negligible

Keywords: urinary bladder cancer, survival, radical cystectomy, enteroplasty

Condition Of Lithogenesis Processes In Kidneys Secondary To Androgynous Therapies Lithogenesis Processes In Kidneys At Receiving Androgynous Therapy

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №4 Pages: 612-615
Heading: Urology Article type: Original article
Authors: P.I. Shuster, P.V. Glybochko
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Omsk State Medical Academy

Research objective is to study processes of lithogenesis at patients with considerably cured urolithiasis at androg-enous therapy. The patients observed in urological clinic of Omsk State Medical Academy have been included. By means of method «case-control» 2 groups have been formed : the basic group - 10 patients with considerably cured urolithiasis and with hypogonadism receiving androgenous therapy and the comparison group - 10 patients with considerably cured urolithiasis and with hypogonadism without receiving androgenous therapy. Processes of lithogenesis at patients who received androgenous therapy have proceeded statistically significantly in comparison with patients without receiving androgenous therapy. It has been proved that there is a negative influence of testosterone deficiency on processes of lithogenesis. The obtained data demonstrate that lithogenic processes at patients with hypogonadism are more expressed and lead to more frequent urolithiasis recurrence. Noninvasiveness, technical simplicity and availability of method «Litos-test» provides its use for express-screening method for inspection of the population and for estimation of antireccurent efficiency of androgen replacement therapy at men with urolithiasis

Keywords: urolithiasis, osteoporosis, hypogonadism