Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

The condition of cognitive functions and health-related quality of life in female students of medical specialties during the learning process

Year: 2021, volume 17 Issue: №1 Pages: 59-66
Heading: public health Article type: Original article
Authors: Kuznetsov V.V., Kosilov K.V., Karaschuk E.V., Fedorischeva E.K.
Organization: Pacific State Medical University

The aim: assessment of the state of cognitive functions, mental and physical status, and their interconnection during the entire period of training among female students of medical specialties. Material and Methods. The sample size was 626 respondents. The response rate was 93.5%. In the study of cognitive abilities, the Montreal rating scale (lOCa test) was used. Health-related quality of life was assessed using the MOS SF-36 Health-Related Quality of Life Brief Self-Assessment Questionnaire. The significance of differences in the groups was identified using analysis of variance (ANOVA). The level of correlation of variables was assessed using the Spearman's correlation coefficient. Results. The average assessment of the state of cognitive functions (lOCa test) was 25.8 points, which is within the reference values. By the senior years of study, the functions of attention, concentration and working memory (4.8 versus 4.1 points, p<0.05) and executive functions (3.8 versus 3.0 points, p<0, 05). The average value of the variable describing cognitive functions among female students studying in the 6th year is significantly higher than among freshmen. The total self-assessment of Health-Related Question of Life MOS SF-36 was also within the limits of the normative values (68 points) and significantly higher than the average in the population. Correlation of the total indicator of the level of ac- tivity of cognitive functions of female students with the main indicators of self-assessment of the quality of life related to health was Я?=0.45-0.63, which corresponds to the average level of interconnection. The relationship between the activity of cognitive functions and objective markers of health status turned out to be weak. Conclusion. The dynamics of cognitive functions among female students of medical universities in the learning process is interconnected with self-assessment of physical and mental status. The level of co-cognitive functions in them corresponds to the reference values, self-esteem of the quality of life related to health is high. Self-esteem of physical status among primary-year students is significantly higher than that of mental status.

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