Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Peculiarities of psychological tests for pregnant women prone to abandoning a newborn

Year: 2020, volume 16 Issue: №4 Pages: 956-959
Heading: public health Article type: Original article
Authors: Manerova О.А., Markina A.Yu.
Organization: First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M. Sechenov, South Ural State Medical University

The goal is to develop and use psychological tools (test) as an element of the system of primary prevention of early social orphanhood being created in a large industrial region. Material and Methods. The developed psychological test was empirically tested in 2018 on a group of pregnant women, consisting of 113 respondents aged 15-40 years, living in the Chelyabinsk region. The electronic version of the test (questionnaire) was introduced into the work of the regional obstetric and gynecological service in September 2019. Results. The questionnaire showed high sensitivity, identifying in 95% of abandoned mothers in 2019 an increased tendency to abandon a newborn. Most of the pregnant women inclined to abandon the child were identified in urban districts of the region (51 women), and the least — in rural areas (17 women). During the year, a positive effect in the prevention of abandonment was achieved in relation to 54.0% of women initially inclined to abandon a newborn. The best result was shown in the regional center — 60.0%. Conclusion. An effective diagnostic technique has been obtained, which makes it possible to purposefully carry out preventive work to prevent early social orphanhood. The developed test made it possible to exclude as much as possible the subjective moment in the statements of pregnant women about the fate of newborns, which led to a more expeditious start of preventive measures to counter refusals.

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