Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Complex hygienic assessment of labor conditions in the modern production of dairy products

Year: 2020, volume 16 Issue: №4 Pages: 927-934
Heading: Hygiene Article type: Original article
Authors: Novikova Т.А., Lutsevich I.N., Baregamyan L.A., Aleshina Yu.A.
Organization: Saratov Hygiene Medical Research Center of Federal Scientific Center for Medical and Preventive Health Risk Management Technologies, Saratov State Medical University

Aim: to conduct a comprehensive hygienic assessment of working conditions of the main professional groups of workers in the modern production of dairy products. Material and Methods. The object of the research icluded labor conditions of the workers of the dairy plant typical for modern milk processing enterprises. The factors of the working environment (microclimate, illumination, noise, vibration) and the labor process were studied using standard methods, equipment and measuring instruments. A total of 3740 studies of working environment factors, 39 professional studies were carried out. Results. Working conditions in the production of dairy products are harmful with varying degrees of deviation from the current hygiene standards. Take place increased (27.5-28.8°C in the cold and 29.5-29.8°C in the warm seasons) and low (4.5-18.35°C) air temperatures, exceeding the maximum permissible level (MPL) noise (by 1.6-9 dBA), insufficient artificial and natural lighting, physical overloads due to excessive dynamic and static physical load, lifting and moving loads manually (one-time 20 kg), maintaining uncomfortable and forced working positions (up to 50% and up to 25% shift time, respectively), body inclinations (440±28 times per shift). The overall assessment of working conditions corresponded to classes 3.1-3.3. Conclusion. Harmful working conditions pose a low to high health risk to workers. Priority measures have been identified to improve working conditions and prevent health disorders of workers: normalization of the microclimate and light environment, noise reduction, and a decrease in labor severity.

1. On the state of the sanitary-epidemiological well-being of the population in the Russian Federation in 2018: State report. Moscow: Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Well-being, 2019; 254 p.).
2. Rakitina IS, Lyapkalo АА, Chudinin NV. Working conditions and health status of workers of dairy plants in various climatic zones. Hygiene & Sanitation (Russian Journal) 2016: (4): 351-5.
3. Mikhayluts АР, Sbitnev GE. Change during the change in the functional state of the body in women workers in the milk processing industry with a different lifestyle. Occupational Health and Industrial Ecology 2012; (11): 10-1.
4. Kuraeva NG, Spirin VF, Fomina LE. Health status of workers in the milk processing industry. Occupational Health and Industrial Ecology 2006; (1): 38-40.
5. Latyshevskaya Nl.The health status of women workers in the milk processing industry. In: Social and hygienic monitoring of public health: collection of scientific works/Ed. by VG Makarova. Ryazan', 2002; Vol. 6: 111-23.
6. Yenikeyev AKh, Zamotayev YuN, Kremnev YuA. Arterial hypertension on the workplace. Bulletin of Pirogov National medical & surgical center 2009; (4): 112-6.
7. Rocha R, Porto М, Morelli MYetal. Effect of environmental stress on blood pressure during the work shift. Rev Sau-de Publ 2002; 36 (5): 568-75.
8. Brook RD, Julius S.Autonomic Imbalance, Hypertension, and Cardiovascular Risk. American Journal of Hypertension 2000; 13 (S4): 112-22.
9. Occupational pathology. National leadership/Ed. by NF Izmerov. Moscow: GEOTAR-Media, 2011; 296 p.
10. Suvorov GA, Pal'tsev YuP, Prokopenko LV, et al. Physical factors and stress. Occupational Health and Industrial Ecology 2002; (8): 1-4.
11. Afanas'eva RF, Burmistrova OV. Cold stress and its prevention. Occupational Health and Industrial Ecology 2001; (8): 10-5.

2020_04_927-934.pdf360.43 KB

No votes yet