Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Face skin diseases at women of fertile age

Year: 2020, volume 16 Issue: №1 Pages: 34-38
Heading: Dermatovenerology Article type: Original article
Authors: Baytyakov V.V., Taratynova A.l., Vlasova S.A.
Organization: Ogarev Mordovia State University

Purpose: clinical and anamnestic characteristics of rosacea and perioral dermatitis in women of reproductive age. Material and Methods. 81 women (50 with rosacea and 31 with perioral dermatitis) from the age of 18 to 49 were examined. Clinical and anamnestic data were studied. Results. The incidence of rosacea in women increases by the end of the fertile period, while the peak of the incidence of perioral dermatitis is noted at the beginning of the fourth decade of life. Patients with rosacea, more often than with perioral dermatitis, have a family history with a predominance of maternal inheritance (p<0.001). They also have a significantly higher level of the accompanying pathology (p<0.05). In the formation of perioral dermatitis, the use of topical corticosteroids (38.7%) and the abuse of cosmetics (32.3%) play an undoubted role. In women of childbearing age, the prevalence of erythematous-telangiectatic subtype of rosacea (64.0%) is revealed, with a relatively low frequency (2.0%) of eye damage. In patients with perioral dermatitis revealed a more pronounced decrease in quality of life with no dependence on the severity of the skin process (p=0.046). Conclusion. The revealed clinical features of rosacea and perioral dermatitis indicate the nosological independence of these disorders with the dominating role in forming of rosacea — constitutional, and in perioral dermatitis — exogenous factors.

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