Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Morphometric justification of algorithm of the choice of method of surgical treatment of dysplastic coxarthrosis

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №2 Pages: 182-186
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Norkin I.A., Anisimova Е.А., Voskresensky O.Yu., Yusupov K.S., Anisimov D.l., Letov A.S., Popryga D.V., Popov A.N.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

Purpose: to define regularities of variability of bone structures of a hip joint depending on type of dysplastic coxarthrosis and to develop tactics of total endoprosthesis replacement. Objects of research. 106 patients with dysplastic coxarthrosis of varying severity, passing treatment on the basis of Federal State Budget Institution of Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics from 2005 to 2014 applying methods X, KT-, MRT-metry variation and statistical methods. Results: According to anatomic features of a hip joint at dysplastic coxarthrosis of various types algorithms of choice of acetabularand femoral components of endoprosthesis, and also tactics of total endoprosthesis replacement in groups of research are developed. Conclusion. The choice of a standard size of an endoprosthesis of a hip joint needs to be carried out taking into account X-ray anatomic features of a hip joint and degree of expressiveness of the dysplastic changes. At dysplastic coxarthrosis of the l-ll types it is necessary to carry out standard total endoprosthesis replacement; at coxarthrosis of the III type —total endoprosthesis replacement in combination with plasticity of a roof of acetabular hollow; at coxarthrosis of the IV type — total endoprosthesis replacement in a combination from the shortening femur osteotomy.

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