Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

№2, 2008, volume 4

SCIENTIFIC CONTRIBUTION OF PROFESSOR P. V. NIKOLSKY TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF DERMATOLOGY AND VENEROLOGY IN RUSSIA (DELICATED TO THE 150TH ANNIVERSARY OF HIS BIRTH)

Year: 2008, volume 4 Issue: №2 Pages: 144-148
Heading: History of Medicine. Anniversary Dates Article type: Review
Authors: A. I. Zavyalov, V. F. Orkin
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article contains some biographical information about professor P. V. Nikolsky, which reflects scientific and practical contribution to the development of native Dermatology and Venereology, to the organization of the Imperial Nikolaev’s University (Saratov) foundation and the becoming of dermatovenerological services in the USSR.

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DYNAMICS OF THE ANXIETY DISORDERS IN THE COURSE OF SHORT-TERM PSYCHOTHERAPY

Year: 2008, volume 4 Issue: №2 Pages: 141-143
Heading: Psychiatry Article type: Short message
Authors: A.V. Vasilyeva, S. V. Poltorak, T.N. Hmylova
Organization: Saint-Petersburg State Psychoneurological University, St. Petersburg State Medical Academy named after I.I. Mechnikov
Summary:

The tendency of psychotherapy modern concepts referring to the short-term forms having been taken into account, we carried out the research aimed at the study of short-term form personality-oriented psychotherapy effect on the anxiety disorder dynamics. 103 patients with neurotic disorders were examined in the neurosis and psychotherapy department of the Bekhterev Psychoneurological Research Institute. The findings revealed the situational and personal anxiety level to be objectively decreased in the short-term group psychotherapy course.
The short-term group psychotherapy was proved to bean effective method in anxiety disorders treatment considering indications and limitations.

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EFFICACY OF OSTHEOREFLEXOTHERAPY IN THE TREATMENT OF NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS OF LUMBAR OSTHEOCHONDROSIS

Year: 2008, volume 4 Issue: №2 Pages: 137-140
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Original article
Authors: D.N. Beloglazov, V.G. Lim, D.M. Puchinyan, A.A. Svistunov, V.G. Ninel
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics, Saratov Regional Children Clinical Hospital
Summary:

The article gives information about efficacy of osteoreflexotherapy in the treatment of patient with lumbar spine ostheochondrosis. Combination of ostheoreflexotherapywith introduction of homotoxic drug into reflexogenous zones of vertebral spinous processes ofL4-S1 vertebrae makes it possible after 10 seances to stop the pain in lumbosacral region, to restore superficial sensitivity, tendon reflexes.

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THE USE OF ULTRASONIC SYSTEM “VECTOR” IN TREATMENT OF CHRONIC GENERALIZED PERIODONTITIS

Year: 2008, volume 4 Issue: №2 Pages: 132-136
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Original article
Authors: S.A. Vostrikova, A.V. Lepilin, Ya.G. Karabushina,, E.K. Makletsova
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Stomatologic Clinic «Denta-Med»
Summary:

Results oftreatment ofpatients with periodontitis using ultrasonic system "Vector"or sealer and Grace! curetes were compared. Microflora of periodontal pockets and gingival mastcells were studied. It is shown that the use of ultrasonic system “Vector" has clinical morphological efficiency and allows to achieve stable remission of periodontitis during 6 months of watching at 91,2% patients. After periodontitis treatment with use of sealer and Gracei curetes functional activity of mast cells was increased and relapse of periodontitis at 30% patients developed.

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CORRECTION OF VIOLATION TEMPLE-LOWER-JAW JOINT IN MESIAL DISPLACEMENT OF LOWER JAW

Year: 2008, volume 4 Issue: №2 Pages: 129-132
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Original article
Authors: V.V. Konnov, A.V. Lepilin, L.V. Gavrjushova, C.B. Fischev
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The study of temple-lower-jaw joints was provided among patients with defects of teeth row, complicated with mesial displacement of lower jaw. The defenite changes of temple-lower-jaw joint were found and the possibility of correction of these changes was defined.

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OPTIMIZATION OF SURDICAL TACTICS IN PATIENTS WITH INFECTIONS INJURY COMPLICATIONS OF ABDOMINAL ORGANS

Year: 2008, volume 4 Issue: №2 Pages: 125-128
Heading: Surgery Article type: Original article
Authors: A.S.Tolstokorov, E.Yu.Osintsev, N. El Hih
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Problems in diagnostics and therapy of pus complications of injury impair of abdominal organs and retroperitoneum are an actual section of abdominal surgery.
Nowadays significant improving indication of timely patient hospitalization to in-patient departments have not been received, asa resultofthat, part of complications tends to rise.
In this article, frequency and structures of septic complications connected with damaged abdominal organ impairments.
Out of 51 patients with purulent complications of injury impairments of abdominal organs and retroperitoneum, 5 patients have died. Fatal cases accounted 9.8%. In the case of diffuse peritonitis, deaths account 18%.
The consideration must be given for further organization measures, directed to improve the therapy process. Also, introducing modern diagnostics technologies, and therapy of complications.

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PATIENT’S TOLERANCE OF PHYSICAL EFFORT AFTER MITRAL VALVE REPLACEMENT IN DURABLE POST-OPERATIVE PERIODS

Year: 2008, volume 4 Issue: №2 Pages: 120-125
Heading: Surgery Article type: Original article
Authors: V.A. Prelatov, S.I. Kitavina
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

It is reasonable for the replacement findings of the mitral valve in case of durable post-operative periods, to evaluate patient’s tolerance of physical effort, which results, firstofall, in the condition of the cardio-vascular system. Taking into consideration the seriousness of patients' condition of understudy, data about physical tolerance maybe received with the help of dosed physical effort. A group of factors, also choice of mitral valve replacement method, influences on degree of patients' physical effort. The more preferable method of correction of mitral valve disease in case of prosthesis is a preservation of subvalvular structures of mitral valve.

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CURATIVE AND DIAGNOSTIC TACTICS IN COMPLICATED FORMS OF GASTRODUODENAL ULCER DISEASE IN PATIENTS OVER 60

Year: 2008, volume 4 Issue: №2 Pages: 115-119
Heading: Surgery Article type: Original article
Authors: V.I. Midlenko, A.V.Smolkina, S.I. Barbashin
Organization: Ulyanovsk City Polyclinic № 7, Ulyanovsk State University
Summary:

The analysis of the treatment results of 319 patients with complicated forms of gastroduodenal ulcer disease has been carried out. The group is formed by the 223 patients over 60 years old and 96 young and middle-aged patients. The description ofpreoperative and postoperative treatmentwith application of the controlled sympathetic medication denervation of the elderly and aged people with complicated forms of gastroduodenal ulcer disease in the preoperative period and the exposure of the abdominal nerve plexus to alternative magnetic field of “Magniter" device have been provided. . The treatment algorithm of elderly and aged people with such pathology has been introduced. The results of the research have revealed reliable decrease in postoperative complications development incidence, postoperative complication development relief, earlier improvement of the clinical, laboratory and instrumental indices in elderly and aged patients with complicated forms of gastroduodenal ulcer disease, and also postoperative mortality decrease and cuts of the patients' stay period in hospital.

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SURGICAL TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH HALLUX VALGUS BY MINI-APPARATUS OF EXTERNAL FIXATION

Year: 2008, volume 4 Issue: №2 Pages: 109-114
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: O.V. Beidik, T.N. Lukpanova, A.V. Zaretskov, K.K. Levchenko
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The authors of article suggest methods of surgical correction of pathology by means of fixation of the first metatarsal bone with specialconstruction ofmini-apparatus for externalfixation. This approach provides decrease of recovery period, reduces complications riskas well as deformation relapse.

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EXTERNAL FIXATION OF FOREARM SHAFT FRACTURE

Year: 2008, volume 4 Issue: №2 Pages: 105-109
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: K.K. Levchenko, O.V. Beidik, Kh. S. Karnaev, T.N. Lukpanova, E.I. Scholomova
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The authors of the article suggest way of surgical treatment of forearm fracture using pivot external fixation, which provides great inflexibility of fixation and reduction of complications.

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