Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Development of program for prevention of caries and its complications in preschool children

Year: 2022, volume 18 Issue: №1 Pages: 19-23
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Original article
Authors: Nadeikina O.S., Kerdyashova А.А., Ananyeva O.S., Ovcharenko O.P.
Organization: Penza State University

Objective: develop a dental prevention program for preschool children. Material and methods. 270 children were examined, including 3-year-olds — 120, 6-year-olds — 150. Groups: I (control) — 60 children of three years and 75 six years, a set of preventive measures included professional oral hygiene and training in individual oral hygiene; Group II — 60 children of three and 75 six years old, including professional oral hygiene, training in individual oral hygiene, brushing their teeth with pastes, with a fluoride content of 1000 ppm and applying Belak-F fluorolac (VladMiVa) to their teeth. At the beginning of the study and after 12 months, the intensity of caries kp(z)+KPU (z), kp(p)+KPU (p), hygiene index was determined. Results. The intensity of caries in three-year-old children, according to the kp (z) index in group II, decreased by 0.24, and in the kp (p) index— by 0.3. The intensity of caries in six-year-old children, according to the index kp (z) in group II, decreased by 0.25, and in the index kp (p) — by 0.4. The hygienic index for Fedorov — Volod-kina was reduced in group II by 0.74 in both three- and six-year-olds. Conclusion. On the basis of the results of a study of the hygienic state of the oral cavity in three and six-year-old children, a program forthe prevention of dental diseases has been developed to reduce the prevalence and intensity of caries in children and its complications.

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