Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

2021, volume 17

Laboratory and instrumental diagnostics of viral pneumonia (review)

Year: 2021, volume 17 Issue: №1 Pages: 13-18
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Review
Authors: Tyapkina D.A., Boroday А.А., Tyapayeva A.R., Semenova O.N., Naumova E.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

The review analyzes the published data on laboratory and instrumental diagnostics of viral pneumonia. To search for articles, we used the PubMed database and eLIBRARY RU, as well as archives of the journals "Clinical Microbiology and antimicrobial chemotherapy", "Pulmonology", "Medical education today", "Complex problems of cardiovascular diseases", "Archives of internal medicine", "Kremlin medicine. Clinical Bulletin" and others. The literature review uses 44 sources of literature, articles published in the period from 2004 to 2020. Recently, in connection with the coronavirus infection (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic, differential diagnosis and treatment of viral pneumonia has become a rather urgent problem in medicine. Currently, new diagnostic methods are being developed and existing ones are being improved. Despite the variety of methods developed, the leading one is the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) which has been researched to have disadvantages. They include high cost of equipment, technical training of personnel, obtaining false negative results, and the complexity of research.

Keywords: viral pneumonia, SARS-CoV-2, new coronavirus infection, diagnostics, COVID-19

Multiple fibroadeno-ma of the breast in combination with abnormal development of internal genitalia in a teenage girl (clinical case)

Year: 2021, volume 17 Issue: №1 Pages: 7-12
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Case report
Authors: Fedyushina А.О., Trushina O.V., Khvorostukhina N.F., Novichkov D.A., Pokalitsina Yu.A., Sukhanov S.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Children's Hospital of the Saratovsk Region, Saratov

Fibroadenoma is the most common benign neoplasm of the mammary glands. In most cases, the tumor occurs in the form of single nodes, the diameter of which does not exceed 3 cm. A clinical case of multiple large breast fibroadenoma in a teenage girl, combined with an abnormality in the development of internal genitalia, is presented. The presented observation focuses on an important aspect of juvenile mammology and shows the feasibility of dynamic monitoring of the growth and development of mammary glands in childhood and adolescence adolescence, which will prevent cases of late diagnosis of such obvious diseases.

Keywords: fibroadenoma, children, adolescents, abnormal development of genitalia