Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Prevalence of risk factors of chronic non-communicable diseases among medical students with different levels of physical activity

Year: 2020, volume 16 Issue: №4 Pages: 940-943
Heading: public health Article type: Original article
Authors: Apoyan S.A., Guryanov M.S., Pozdeeva A.N.
Organization: "Nizhny Novgorod Regional Center for the Prevention and Control of AIDS and Infectious Diseases", Privolzhskiy Research Medical University

The purpose is to identify the prevalence of the leading risk factors for the occurrence of chronic non-infectious diseases among medical students, depending on their physical activity. Material and Methods. Screening-diagnostics of the main risk factors were carried out, taking into account the commitment of students to sports: students (326 people) who do sports regularly, and students (1014 people) who do not have physical activity, except for physical education at a university. Results. Students who are not committed to sports are characterized by a low level of physical activity (76.6%), a high frequency of stress — 34.7% compared to student who do sports regularly 16.2%, (p<0.01) and smoking (15.9 and 5.6%, respectively, p<0.05). Violations of the eating regime and an unbalanced died were recorded in both study groups (with a frequency of 39.2 and 55.5 per 100 respondents, p<0.05), however, low physical activity contributes to the appearance of deviations in body weight in 24.6% of students not committed to sports. The ranking of the most frequently encountered risk factors showed that the leading places among the non-athlete students belong to low physical activity, inadequate diet, low sleep duration and high stress levels. Conclusion. Authors emphasize that a higher prevalence of risk factors for the development of chronic non-communicable diseases was found among medical students who do not have physical activity on the regular basis, which may indicate a possible positive effect of sports on reducing the frequency of discovering risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases among the soon-to-be doctors.

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