Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia: contemporary conceptions of etiology, pathogenesis and peculiarities of clinical manifestations (review)

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №2 Pages: 376-385
Heading: Physiology and Pathophysiology Article type: Review
Authors: Zhevak T.N., Chesnokova N.P., Shelekhova T.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

The research work presents an analysis of literature review and results of investigations on the problems of etiology, pathogenesis, classification and peculiarities of clinical manifestations of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. Special attention is paid to both contemporary conceptions of carcinogenesis, reflecting the role of proto-oncogenes activation, an-tioncogenes and apoptosis genes suppression in mechanisms of neoplasia development and «specific mechanisms» of oncogenic transformation induction of B-lymphocytes and the subsequent development of the stages of promotion, progression and marked clinical manifestations of formation. Possibility of further improvement of use of immune phe-notype character and oncomarkers in diagnostics of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia clinical variants and in evaluation of effectiveness of its therapy has been indicated in the article

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