Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Biological effect of pulsed current of electros hock devices

Year: 2021, volume 17 Issue: №4 Pages: 768-773
Heading: Рathophysiology Article type: Original article
Authors: Fomina T.V., Lukyanova S.N., Veselovskiy I.A.
Organization: State Research Center— Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency

Purpose: to evaluate the bioeffects of two samples of electroshock devices (ESHU) with new, previously unexplored, electric current parameters in experiments on rabbits. Material and methods. The studies were carried out on 70 healthy rabbits weighing 2.5-3 kg (60 — experiment, 10 — control). The experiment included 6 series with different points of application of the electrodes and conditions for finding the animals. We studied the functional state of the central nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory systems, motor manifestations, and the state of the skin. The duration of exposure is 3 seconds, followed by observation during the first hour and the next 2 weeks. Results. It was found that at the time of exposure, all animals developed tonic-clonic seizures. When the electrodes were attached to the back of the neck, these convulsions turned into tonic: in fixed animals lasting 19.5±4.2 sec (sample № 1) and 20.2±2.9 sec (sample №2), in free behavior 21.9±4.5 sec (sample № 1) and 27.6±8.3 sec (sample №2). When the electrodes were applied to the chest area after exposure, psychomotor agitation arose, lasting 12.6±3.7 sec (sample №1) and 13.3±7.7 sec (sample №2). Convulsions were accompanied by changes in the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. All manifestations were transient and no longer manifested at follow-up. Conclusion. The new studied samples of ESHU caused short-term and reversible clinical and physiological changes, which were reduced to convulsive manifestations, impaired respiratory function, circulatory system, neuromuscular manifestations.

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