Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Risk factors for the development of necrotizing enterocolitis in newborns

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 495-498
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Original article
Authors: Mezhlunyan А.А., Panina O.S., Pozgaleva N.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

The goal is to analyze the various risk factors for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in newborn infants of different gestational age. Material and Methods. A retrospective analysis of medical records (forms 096/y, 097/y)for2011-2015 was conducted. 20 pairs "mother— newborn". The criterion for inclusion in the analysis was the presence in the diagnosis of necrotizing enterocolitis. A method of descriptive statistics was used to interpret the data. The calculation of intensive and extensive indicators is carried out. Results. When analyzing the results, it was found that all patients had a combination of processes leading to spasm of the vessels of the intestinal wall, which led to mucosal ischemia and necrosis, as well as intestinal contamination with pathogenic microflora, which caused damage to the intestinal mucosa. Conclusion. To prevent the development of NEC, it is necessary to take into account the presence of newborn risk factors for the development of the disease, this requires an analysis of the current course of pregnancy, childbirth and the early neonatal period.

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