Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Lipids in the structure and functions of biological membranes

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №2 Pages: 262-266
Heading: Physiology and Pathophysiology Article type: Review
Authors: Kuznetsov V.I., Morrison V.V., Lisko О.В., Tsareva T.D., Sretenskaya D.A., Gavrilova I.В., Hlebozharova O.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

Lipids are one of the main components of cellular membranes. Lipids make up 30-55% of the cell content depending on the types of cells. Phospholipids, sphingomyelins, cholesterol, etc. are characteristic to cellular membranes. The composition of lipids of the both sides of the membranes differs. This fact determines asymmetry of the structure of bili-pid layer. The reason for many pathologies is the changes in the properties of cellular membranes with the modification of their components. The study of structure and functioning of cellular biomembranes is essential for many researchers. The condition of membranes, their quality, their quantitative composition and modification under the influence of different factors as well as their interaction with carbohydrate and protein component are of great importance for the functioning of both membranes, cells and the body in general. Analysis and structuring of lipids and their functions in biological membranes are studied.

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