Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Results of the study of health status of workers employed in the bakery production

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №2 Pages: 229-232
Heading: Hygiene Article type: Original article
Authors: Maltsev М.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

Aim: scientific basement for the hygienic, medical and prophylactic activities, excluding the adverse impact of the harmful and dangerous industrial factors on the workers' health. Material and methods. It was extensively studied the health of 327 workers who belong to the important for the hygienic investigations professions in the bakery production, experiencing the impact of harmful industrial factors. To assess the subjective characteristics of the working conditions, the labor process, and the health status of workers the questionnaire was composed. The 214 respondents participated in the survey. Results: Analysis of the results of the extensive medical examinations showed that the first place takes the pathology of the organs of the urogenital system — 71.4% (per 100 women). The gastrointestinal tract diseases were also largely presented (62.3%). Among the major disadvantages of the working conditions, according to the respondents, were the microclimate conditions, dust, and poor light (91.2%, 87.6%, 83.0% responses, respectively). Conclusion. It was found that the morbidity among the workers in the bakery production industry had the professional features: the polysystemic and polyorganic pathology. With the purpose of the optimization of the factors of the industrial environment, a set of organizational, technological and medical activities, the implementation of which will allow to reduce the harmful effects of adverse working conditions was developed.

1. Cancale ensuring the sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population through the development of functional and specialized bakery in the Russian Federation until 2020 (Bread for health) (appr. the resolution of the Chief state sanitary physician of the Russian Federation of June 14, 2013 № 31; 2. Izmerov NF. Concept of long-term social and economic development until 2020 (« Strategy 2020») and health preservation for workers in Russia. Occupational Medicine and industrial ecology 2012; (3): 1-9); 3. Izmerov NF. Global plan of actions on workers health preservation for 2008-2017: ways and prospects of realization Russia. Occupational Medicine and industrial ecology 2008; (6): 1-9); 4. Onishchenko GG Working conditions and occupations morbidity in workers of the Russian Federation. Hygiene and sanitation 2009; (1): 29-33); 5. Maltsev MS, Lutsevich IN, Zhukov VV, Logashova NB. Hygienic estimation of the labor conditions in the bakeries of Saratov. Izvestiya Samara scientific centre of Russian Academy of Sciences 2013; 15 (3): 1857-1859; 6. Sorokin GA, Frolova NM. Comparative evaluation of occupational and non-occupational factors, health disorders working in harmful conditions. In: Mat. XI all-Russian Congress of hygienists and sanitary doctors. Ed. G. Onishchenko, A. Potapov. M., 2012; p. 625-628.

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