Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Effective mechanical means of uterine cervix accelerating maturity in pregnant women of first mature age period of different somatotypes

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №1 Pages: 43-46
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Original article
Authors: Yakovleva О.V., Muzurova L.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

The purpose is to evaluate the effectiveness of stimulation of delivery in first mature age period of pregnant women mechanically in different somatotypes. Materials and Methods: 658 patients at 38-41 weeks of gestation of the first period of mature age (22-35 years) have been considered. Differentiation by somatotypes has been performed by the method of HT Kaarma (1991). All patients of each somatotype have been divided into primiparous (n = 402) and multiparous (n = 256). Preparation for delivery by mechanical means: on the 1 st day it was introduced into the cervical canal for 16 hours, on the 2nd day — Foley catheter for 8-16 hours (before the birth). Results: In multiparous women the application of mechanical preparation of the birth canal has been effective regardless of somatotype. The percentage of operative delivery in mechanical induction has been lower in multiparous women and also not related to somatotype. In nulliparous women of asthenic and normosthenic type greater efficiency of mechanical induction in preparation for delivery has been revealed. In asthenic and pyknictype mechanical induction has been inefficient and therefore has not been recommended for the use. Conclusion: Application of mechanical means of stimulation of delivery in nulliparous pregnant women should be performed according to their somatotype.

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