Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Risk factors of intestinal obstruction in pregnancy

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №3 Pages: 723-728
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Original article
Authors: Khvorostukhina N.F., Salov I.A., Rogozhina I.E., Stolyarova U.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

Objective: to study risk factors and options for clinical course of acute intestinal obstruction in pregnancy. Materials and methods. A detailed study of history, clinical course, diagnosis and treatment characteristics of acute intestinal obstruction in 79 pregnant women was undertaken. Results: It was determined that a combination of intestinal obstruction, and pregnancy is more common for II and III trimester of gestation (88,5%), with more likely to develop mechanical obstruction caused by the adhesive process (77,2%). Risk factors for intestinal obstruction in pregnancy are: chronic diseases of gastrointestinal tract, surgery of abdominal cavity and pelvis, burdened obstetric and gynecological history and long-term use of progestogens during pregnancy. Difficulties in diagnosis are associated with absence of classical symptoms of disease that is caused by changes in topographical relations of abdominal cavity, increasing size of uterus, as well as lack of immune response to the emergence of a pathological process. Conclusion. Formation of pregnant women at risk for development of intestinal obstruction and preventive measures to address violations of intestinal motor function can reduce the risk of disease. Algorithm of medical tactics for suspected acute intestinal obstruction in pregnancy, allowing to reduce time of diagnosis and provision of medical care.

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