Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Criteria of Clinical Diagnostics and Choice of Treatment Strategy in Children with Disoders of Sexual Development

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №1 Pages: 178-182
Heading: Urology Article type: Original article
Authors: N.V. Bolotova, D.A. Morozov, N.U. Raygorodskaya, D.A. Zharkov, M.M. Grigorjeva, E.N. Tsmokalyuk
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

The number of patients with disorders of sexual development (DSD) has increased in 3.54 times during the last three years. The aim is to define the structure of intersexual disorders in children from Saratov, criteria of gender assignment and surgical approach. During the period of three years (from 2006 till 2008) 58 children with DSD aged 0 - 17 were examined. Assessment of external genitals, cytogenetic investigation, hormonal tests were performed. Imaging studies included ultrasonography, cystourethroscopy and laparoscopy with histological investigation. Considering the data DSD in children from Saratov compose sex chromosome DSD - 21,4 %, Gonadal dysgenesis - 26,2%, ovotesticular DSD - 2,3%, 46,ХХ testicular DSD - 2,3 %, complete androgen insensitivity syndrome - 4,7%. The criteria of gender assignment and surgical approach have been described in the article. The research concludes that the infants with intersexual genitels should be examined in special care centers by multispecialty team. It is nessesary to perform the karyotype test and ultrasonic study in newborns to detect the genetic and gonadal gender of the child

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