Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

adherence to treatment

Rheumatology profile patients adherence to treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Year: 2020, volume 16 Issue: №1 Pages: 99-103
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Smotrova Yu.N., Novokreshchenova I.G., Akulova A.I.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim of the study is to assess the degree of adherence of patients with rheumatic diseases to the treatment of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Material and Methods. 196 patients were surveyed using a specially designed questionnaire, which included Morisky — Green test. Statistical data processing was carried out by methods nonparametric statistics (criterion x2)- Results. Patients took NSAIDs in rheumatoid arthritis (50.0%), ankylosing spon-dylitis (37.8%), vertebrogenic dorsalgia (20.4%). 49.0% of patients took NSAIDs constantly, 39.3% — during courses of treatment, 11.7% — on demand (in pain). 81.1 % of patients were engaged in self-treatment of NSAIDs. 20 patients (10.2%) were adherent to the treatment of NSAIDs, 29 patients (14.8%) were insufficiently adherent (patients were united in one group), 147 patients (75.0%) were not adherent to the treatment. Non-adherent patients mostly violated the regimen of treatment if they felt well (85.7%). For adherent patients the most significant motive was deterioration after taking NSAID (20.4%). Adherent patients mostly had higher education in relation to non-adherent (71.4 and 53.7% respectively) (x2=6.647; p<0.05). Side effects of NSAIDs were absent in 73.5% of adherent patients and in 32,0% of non-adherent (x2=24.795; p<0.01). Conclusion. The level of education, the frequency of side effects and subjective assessment of the patient's state of health affect the degree of adherence of patients with rheumatic diseases to the treatment of NSAIDs.

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Adherence to recommendations and effectiveness of glucose-lowering treatment in type 2 diabetes patients receiving insulin based in the Nizhny Novgorod region on data of mobile diagnostic and therapeutic centre "Diabetes mellitus"

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №1 Pages: 71-76
Heading: Endocrinology Article type: Original article
Authors: Panova S.Yu., Petrov A.V., Strongin L.G.
Organization: N. Novgorod State Medical Academy
Summary:

Adherence to treatment is an important factor in diabetes management. Poor adherence may cause ineffective control, especially in insulin-treated patients. Aim of the study: to evaluate the adherence to nutrition, physical activity and self-monitoring in T2DM patients who do and do not receive insulin treatment. Materials and methods. 550 T2DM patients were examined as a part of mobile diabetes center in different areas of the Nizhny Novgorod region. Clinical examination results, HbA1c, creatinine and microalbuminuria were assessed. Adherence to treatment was evaluated by questionnaire Diabetes Self-Care Activities. Results. Insulin-treated patients had longer diabetes duration and worse HbA1 с level and similar levels of adherence related to diet, physical activity, foot care. Only for glucose self-monitoring was adherence higher. Best HbA1c values were observed in patients with adherence in middle region of 3-5 days. Conclusion. Long diabetes duration and worse glycemic control in insulin-treated T2DM patients is not associated with better adherence to treatment. This may be viewed as evidence on insufficient patients education and can be a potential target for improvement of glycemic control.

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Physician personal characteristics influencing long-term treatment of patients with cardiovascular diseases

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №2 Pages: 263-269
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: Strokova E.V., Naumova Е.A., Schwartz Y.G., Semenova O.N.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The main purpose of the article is to identify the peculiarities of a doctor personality, affecting long-term therapy in patients with cardiovascular diseases. Materials and methods: To determine the type of temperament, the presence and intensity of the syndrome of emotional burnout and capacity for empathy therapists and cardiologists were asked to fill in a number of questionnaires. Each doctor had a group of patients contacting by telephone for a year after the discharge from the hospital. During the telephone contact, the patients were asked about the continuation of their therapy recommended in the hospital, the regularity of therapy, the frequency of absence, and the assessment of a physician by the patients. Results: 35 questionnaires were suitable for interpretation. Through one year after the discharge from the hospital it was able to contact with 147 patients, 18.4% (27) of patients completely stopped the treatment by recommended drugs. Positive assessment of physicians was associated with the continuation of the therapy by recommended drugs and regularity of drug taking (p=0,03). Patients assessed physicians positively more often in cases of low level of emotional state, high level of depersonalization (cynicism) and the reduction of personal accomplishment (feeling of professional inefficiency) in a doctor. Conclusion: Assessment of physicians by patients is reliably and significantly influenced by continuation of long-term therapy and regularity of drug taking.

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