Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

stroke

The study of surgical activity dynamics at patients with hypertensive intracerebral haematoma using simulation analysis in the Chuvash Republic

Summary:

Objective: improving the efciency of treatment for patients with hypertensive intracranial hematomas by means of planning optimization, epidemiological evidences simulation analysis and dynamics of surgical treatment indices. Material and Methods. 225 patient charts with hypertensive intracerebral hematomas have been analyzed. All patients were examined and treated in Cheboksary Republican Clinical Hospital January 2008 to December 2017 Results. The retrospective analysis revealed decrease in the number of surgeries for hypertensive intracerebral hematomas from 35 to 19 From 2011 to 2017 mortality in the group of patients with 30 to 60 ml hematomas decreased as well. Surgeries in the group of patients aged 50–70 who had strokes most frequently in 2010–2017 got fewer. Conclusion. Introduction of decision-making system at diagnosis stage enables applying diferentiated approach for choosing surgical treatment approach.

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Preliminary results of study on efficacy of a virtual reality technique for restoration of lower extremity motor function in patients in acute stage of stroke

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №1 Pages: 172-176
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Poverennova I.E., Zakharov A.V., Khivintseva E.M., Pyatin V.F., Kolsanov A.V., Chaplygin S.S., Osminina E.A., Lahov A.S.
Organization: Samara State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to study efficacy of using immersive virtual reality with proprioceptive sensory effects in the rehabilitation of static locomotor function in patients in acute stage of ischemic stroke. Material and Methods. The study included 33 patients in the acute stage of ischemic stroke in the carotid system. Patients were randomized into two groups, the main group additionally took exercises in immersive virtual reality with sensory stimulation. The course includes 10 sessions 15 minutes each. The comparison group received standard rehabilitation assistance. Results. According to Berg balance scale an improvement in static locomotor function was noted in the main group on the 6th day of exercises (p=0.03). The differences between both groups on the last day of rehabilitation course showed an

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Public knowledge of risk factors, signs and treatment of stroke: Analysis of the survey results in 2014 and 2017

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 177-185
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Shchanitsyn I.N., Razdorskaya V.V., Kolokolov O.V., Lukina E.V., Loi'ko V.S,
Organization: Center of Medical Inspection, Moscow, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Aim. This study was conducted to establish levels of knowledge in the general population, and also to determine the impact of educational sessions on stroke knowledge. Material and Methods. Two groups (2014 and 2017 years) completed a stroke knowledge questionnaire (435 respondents). Results. Overall, most of respondents could list 2 or more risk factors, but only 50% in 2014 could list 3 warning signs. More than 80% would call emergency number in response to stroke, but only 25% had heard of thrombolytic therapy. Overall stroke knowledge scores decreased in 2017 despite the public awareness in the media. Conclusion. Currently the knowledge of stroke risk factors, warning signs, and treatment is poor in Saratov. Our study demonstrates that more educational campaigns should be conducted for improve knowledge of stroke symptoms, and therapy.

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Features of the medical and social characteristics and anxiodepressive disorders in patients with little brain insult in the early recovery period

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 141-144
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Kutashov V.A., Ulyanova O.V., Zakharov O.P.
Organization: Voronezh State Medical University n.a. N.N. Burdenko
Summary:

The aim of the study was to study medical and social and anxiodepressive disorders (ADR) in patients with little brain insult (LBI) in the early recovery period. Materials and Methods. 140 patients were examined, the mean age of which was 57.2±2.2 years. The patients were examined in the early recovery period. Among the 140 patients with LBI, 62% were men and 38% women. The level of anxiety and depression was assessed using the Hamilton psychometric scales (HPMS). Results. In 6% of patients there are relatives who have undergone an acute cerebrovascular acident. 50% of patients live with their families, 27.2% lived with relatives and 22.8% lived alone. Only 25.5% of patients had a daily monitor blood pressure (BP), 17.8% of patients — several times a week and 17.8% of people — several times a month. In addition, 16.4% of patients are forced to measure BP in the health facility, since they do not have a personal tonometer. 26.4% of patients did not measure their BP. 16.4% measure blood pressure once a year. A high level of depression occurred in 3.57% of patients, an average level in 27.86% of patients, mild depression in 33.57% of patients and absence of depressive symptoms in 35% of patients. A high level of anxiety was found in 17.50% of patients with Ml, moderate anxiety level in47.86% of patients, low anxiety level in 45.00%, no anxiety in 1.43% of patients. Conclusion. In patients with LBI in the early recovery period a rather high level of ADR severity was revealed. That causes as early as possible the identification and administration of specific therapy for ADR with LBI.

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Using of virtual reality technology in acute cerebral stroke and their influense on post-stroke affective disorders

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №4 Pages: 824-827
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Maslyuk О.А., Smolentseva I.G., Amosova N.A., Shevchenko N.S., Milagina V.S.
Organization: State Scientific Research Center n.a. A.I. Burnasyan — Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency
Summary:

Aim. The study of virtual reality technology in the rehabilitation of patients with cerebral stroke and influence on post stroke affective disorder. Materials and methods. The study included 88 patients with ischemic stroke: 59 men (67%) and 29 women (33%). The average age of the patients was 62,05 ± 11,74 years. In the study group included 46 patients, 44 patients in the control group. The groups were matched by age, time from the begin of disease, severity of disease, the severity of motor, affective and cognitive impairments. In addition, in the study group to the program of early rehabilitation to use individual training with virtual reality technology (BTS NIRVANA). The duration of the training was 21 days, 3 times a week for 40 minutes. Results. On the background of rehabilitation in the study group patients had a significant reduced of neurological deficit (p

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Hospital registry in special department for patients with acute cerebrovascular disease

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №4 Pages: 819-823
Heading: cardiac surgery Article type: Original article
Authors: Maslyuk О.А., Smolentseva I.G., Amosova N.A., Krivonos O.V., Shevchenko N.S., Milagina V.S.
Organization: State Scientific Research Center n.a. A.I. Burnasyan — Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency
Summary:

Aim: organization and follow-up of a registry of patients with cerebrovascular disease in in special department. Materials and methods. In the period from January 2011 to December 2013 all cases of cerebrovascular disease in the special department were recorded. Each patient had an electronic case book and thematic record, developed on the basis of the materials of the National Stoke Association of "Registry of stroke." Results. 418 cases of cerebral stroke were registered. Male to female ratio was 3.7: 1. Patients with initial diagnosed cerebral stroke were 78%, secondary 22%. The average age of patients was 63. The big number of strokes was observed in men aged 56-57 years; in women aged 75-77 years. TOAST criteria for subtypes of ischemic stroke were distributed to: atherothrombotic (29,3%), cardioembolic (29,1 %), 22,4% lacunar ischemic stroke due to other established reasons (8,8%), crptogenic (10,4%). Hemorrhagic stroke was observed in 16.8% of cases. Parenchymal hemorrhage was observed in 10.7% of cases, nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (4,5%). Among the risk factors in patients with ischemic stroke identified: arterial hypertension (88,9%), coronary heart disease (43%), heart rhythm disorders (28,4%), diabetes (18,6%). The proportion of endovascular interventions performed for 3 years was 31.2%. Mortality rate was 3.74% (10 people) in 2011; 4.65% (14 people) in 2012; 2.48% (7 people) in 2013. Conclusion. Follow up the hospital stroke registry allowed to estimate the structure andcourse of cerebral stroke, found the risk factors to identify the most important factors of death.

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Divergence of clinical features and neuroimaging results in stroke-provoked aphasia

Year: 2006, volume 2 Issue: №2 Pages: 552-556
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Sholomov I.I., Ornatskaya N.A., Mescheryakova Y.B.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, State Military Hospital (Saratov — 63)
Summary:

Aim of the study. Aim of the study. Materials and methods. Clinical and neuroimaging survey of 58 patients with acute stroke and aphasia is conducted. For identifcation aphasia type it agrees the classifcation of A. R. Lury accepted in our country, speech functions were investigated by E. D. Homsky’s technique. Results. By comparison of results of neuropsychological and neuroimaging researches it is revealed that in 40 % of cases localization of the lesion doesn’t correspond to the diagnosed type of aphasia. In group of clinical features and neuroimaging results divergences existence of average correlation communication between severity of aphasia and age of patients, and also severity of aphasia and the general weight of neurologic manifestations of a stroke is revealed. Indicators of expressiveness of neurologic defciency and speech violations in this group were authentically below, than in group of compliance. Conclusion. In 40 % of cases localization of the lesion doesn’t correspond to the diagnosed type of aphasia. Topic discrepancy appears in atypical cortical (21,74 %) and subcortical (47,83 %), location and also in tomographic lesion absence (30,43 %).

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