Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

quality of life

Face skin diseases at women of fertile age

Year: 2020, volume 16 Issue: №1 Pages: 34-38
Heading: Dermatovenerology Article type: Original article
Authors: Baytyakov V.V., Taratynova A.l., Vlasova S.A.
Organization: Ogarev Mordovia State University
Summary:

Purpose: clinical and anamnestic characteristics of rosacea and perioral dermatitis in women of reproductive age. Material and Methods. 81 women (50 with rosacea and 31 with perioral dermatitis) from the age of 18 to 49 were examined. Clinical and anamnestic data were studied. Results. The incidence of rosacea in women increases by the end of the fertile period, while the peak of the incidence of perioral dermatitis is noted at the beginning of the fourth decade of life. Patients with rosacea, more often than with perioral dermatitis, have a family history with a predominance of maternal inheritance (p<0.001). They also have a significantly higher level of the accompanying pathology (p<0.05). In the formation of perioral dermatitis, the use of topical corticosteroids (38.7%) and the abuse of cosmetics (32.3%) play an undoubted role. In women of childbearing age, the prevalence of erythematous-telangiectatic subtype of rosacea (64.0%) is revealed, with a relatively low frequency (2.0%) of eye damage. In patients with perioral dermatitis revealed a more pronounced decrease in quality of life with no dependence on the severity of the skin process (p=0.046). Conclusion. The revealed clinical features of rosacea and perioral dermatitis indicate the nosological independence of these disorders with the dominating role in forming of rosacea — constitutional, and in perioral dermatitis — exogenous factors.

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Evaluation of psychosomatic status of patients in cardiac surgery hospital

Year: 2020, volume 16 Issue: №1 Pages: 24-30
Heading: Cardiology Article type: Original article
Authors: Bockeria O.L., Shvartz V.A., Sokolskaya M.A.
Organization: Bakoulev Scientific Center for Cardiovascular Surgery
Summary:

Purpose: to assess the psychosomatic status and quality of life (QOL) of patients undergoing treatment and examination in a cardiac surgery hospital. Material and Methods. The study included 425 patients divided into 243 (57%) men and 182 (43%) women; median age was 61 (54; 66) years. In addition to the standard clinical examination, the quality of life and psychological status of patients were assessed. Patients completed standardized questionnaires of QOL: the Short Form Medical Outcomes Study (SF36), the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Results. Indicators of the psychological component of the questionnaire were statistically significantly lower in women compared with male patients: vital activity (VT) 45 (30; 60) vs 50 (35; 65) p<0.001, social functioning (SF) 63 (38; 75) vs 64 (50; 88) p<0.001, and the level of anxiety and depression were significantly higher in women 9 (6; 12) vs 6 (3; 9) and 7 (4; 10) vs 5 (3; 8) (p<0.001).The values of the physical component of health were also lower in women: physical functioning (PF) 45 (25; 65) vs 55 (35; 80) p<0.001; bodily pain (BP) 41 (41; 74) vs 51 (41; 74) p<0.001. Low QOL scores and high levels of anxiety and depression were not due to the severity of the disease, men had more severe nosological status. Conclusion. Most of the patients entering the cardiac surgery hospital have clinically expressed anxiety and depression, which have negatively effect on the quality of their life. This is more typical for female patients.

Keywords: quality of life
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Academic performance, motivation and quality of life associated with the health of senior students of medical and humanitarian specialties

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №4 Pages: 897-904
Heading: public health Article type: Original article
Authors: Kuznetsov V.V., Bayramov R.A., Smirnov E.A., Kosilova E.K., Kosilov K.V., Karashchuk E.M., Zayko A.A.
Organization: Pacific State Medical University, Far Eastern Federal University
Summary:

Objective: a comparative analysis of the relationship of quality of life associated with health with academic performance and motivation to learn from students of humanities and medical specialties of senior courses. Material and Methods. The study was conducted at the School of Biomedicine of the Far Eastern Federal University and Pacific State University. The sample size is 516 students (51% girls). 272 (52.7%) students studied medical specialties; 244 (47.3%) — humanities. For questioning students used a comprehensive questionnaire self-assessment of socio-economic and medical status of a student of the University (Pozdeyeva, 2008), the questionnaire MOS SF-36. Academic motivation was assessed on the scale of Т. О Gordeeva and O. A. Sychev (2014); academic performance — according to the semester statistical reports of the relevant departments and faculties. Results. The total indicators of physical and mental health in the assessment of quality of life associated with health among students of medical and humanitarian specialties did not differ significantly, although the assessment of their quality of life by humanitarians was slightly higher (67.1/64.1; p>0.05). It was found that strong relationships are characteristic of variables: learning conditions (r=0.89, p<0.05); academic performance and motivation to study (r=0.75, p<0.05; r=0.79, p<0.05); the presence of bad habits (r=0.77, p<0.05); self-assessment of physical health (r=0.67, p<0.05). Conclusion. The quality of life associated with health at students of medical and humanitarian specialties is interconnected by motivation to study and progress, and also a number of variables of the social and economic status and morbidity.

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Quality of life in children with fat feet (planovalgus foot, longitudinal platypodia)

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №2 Pages: 271-274
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Dokhov M.M., Sertakova A.V., Rubashkin S.A., Timaev M.Kh.
Organization:
Summary:

Objective: to evaluate the quality of life in children with fat feet using standard quality of life questionnaire technique. Material and Methods. 97 children with fat feet (mean age 9.7±1.2 y. o.) and 32 children with neutral position of the feet (control group) participated in the research. Both the fat foot and neutral position of the foot diagnoses were based on patients» clinical examination and instrumental methods of diagnosis. The questionnaire survey was conducted using the Oxford Ankle Foot Questionnaire (OAFQ) for children (7–17 y. o.) designed for evaluation of potential cost for treatment of children with foot and ankle joint pathologies. It is made up of 15 questions showing the quality of life (physical development, school life and exercise, emotional development) as well as problems with shoes selection. General central module of the Kiddy-KINDL Questionnaire covers various aspects of children»s life providing a fexible modular psychologically applicable method. The structure of the questionnaire scales consists of 24 questions united in evaluation groups. Results. In the group of fatfoot children the quality of life is reliably lower in terms of physical development and shoes selection. Flat feel has almost no impact on children»s emotional development as well as their social function; it doesn»t usually lead to fxation on disfguration. Conclusion. To evaluate every individual clinical case of decline in physical development quality and worsening of the emotional state in pediatric patients trauma orthopedists are recommended to employ various questionnaires that allow for detailed defning of lesions degree and quality for individual selection of the treatment method.

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Effectiveness of neure-protective therapy in patients with glaucoma

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 828-831
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Case report
Authors: Aprelev А.Е., Barbos Yu.A., Mukhanko I.Zh., Cherednichenko N.L., Abdulgazizova Z.F., Kataganova A.A., Bernovskaya A.A.
Organization: Mineralovodsky district hospital, Orenburg Regional Clinical Hospital, Orenburg State Medical University, Regional Clinical Diagnostic Center in Stavropol City, Stavropol Regional Clinical Hospital, Stavropol State Medical University
Summary:

The results of clinical evaluation of three patients who were included in the multicenter study of the
effectiveness of neuroprotective treatment and its impact on the quality of life of patients with POAG are
presented in the article. Dynamics of visual acuity, intraocular pressure, total visual fields, photostress
test, contrast sensitivity and quality of life (according to the NEIVFQ-25 questionnaire) in patients
treated with neuroprotective study drug with 10 intramuscular injections administered 5mg once a day
are presented. Data on the improvement of visual functions and quality of life in patients with Stage I, II
and III of POAG who had undergone treatment with the study drug are demonstrated.

Keywords: quality of life
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Modern domestic cosmetics in combined treatment of scalp conditions

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 769-773
Heading: Dermatovenerology Article type: Original article
Authors: Shnaider D.A., Guskova O.P., Gorbenko A.V., Ivanov S.D.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to evaluate effectiveness, safety and feasibility of using modern domestic ASD-containing liposomal cosmetics (all type shampoo and balm for dry scalp) in combined treatment of psoriasis patients with scalp involvement. Material and Methods. Sixty three patients (35 women and 28 men) with disseminated guttate-plaque psoriasis with scalp involvement were observed in Saratov Regional Clinical Dermatovenerologic Dispensary. The disease was in the stage of progression in all patients. All type shampoo and balm for dry scalp were included in the treatment regimen of all patients, while no other topical preparations were used on the scalp. Results. We observed good therapeutic and cosmetic effect in all patients, who encountered noside effects during the use of ASD-containing liposomal cosmetics. Conclusion. Combined scalp skin care with the use of modern domestic ASD-containing cosmetics will help doctor and patient to achieve the optimal result in treatment of psoriasis with scalp involvement, effectively eliminating main symptoms of the disease in a shorter time, improving patients' quality of life and giving them opportunity to lead normal life and feel comfortable in society.

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Comparative analysis of the quality of life before and after various methods of invasive treatment of esophageal cancer

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 408-411
Heading: Surgery Article type: Original article
Authors: Tolstokorov A.S., Ramazanov E.N., Dergunova S.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim of the work is to assess the quality of life before and after multistage and one-stage operations, palliative interventions performed with malignant neoplasms of the esophagus. Material and Methods. The quality of life was evaluated in 565 patients with esophageal cancer at various stages of surgical treatment by means of questionnaires for assessing the quality of life of GIQLI, GSRS, MOS SF-36 questionnaire. Results. When performing multi-stage operations before the end of treatment, the quality of life changes insignificantly, and is comparable with the quality of life after palliative operations. The study of the quality of life after the end of treatment with the use of endoscopic minimally invasive technologies in these questionnaires convincingly showed the advantage of this category of surgical interventions due to less trauma, better cosmetic effect, quick activation and rehabilitation in the postoperative period. Conclusion. Taking into account the results of the research, preference is given to one-stage operations with the use of minimally invasive endoscopic techniques, which in a short time can save the patient from cancer and significantly improve the quality of life.

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Use of the scale of clinical expression of the stroke for determining the rehabilitation prediction

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 161-164
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Repina L.A., Romanova T.V., Poverennova I.E.
Organization: Samara State Medical University
Summary:

The aim is to study the relationship between the parameters of neurological status and quality of life of patients who first underwent ischemic strokes in the carotid basin to predict the outcome of an acute cerebrovascular accident. Material and Methods. 73 patients with ischemic stroke in the carotid artery basin were examined. Analyzed indices of the scales, reflecting the severity of motor deficit (NIHSS, Rankin, Rivermead, Fugl-Meyer), the initial evaluation and parameters of quality of life using the questionnaire SF-3624-36 months after inpatient treatment. Patients were divided into groups of favorable and unfavorable outcome according to the questionnaire SF-36. Results. A direct correlation between the level of physical and psychological health and indicators Of the Fugl-Meyer scale and a negative correlation between the level of psychological health and the severity of stroke on the NIHSS scale in a group with an adverse outcome was revealed. Conclusion. Indicators scales Fugl-Meyer, and NIHSS obtained in the acute period of ischemic stroke can be used to build a predictive model of outcome of stroke.

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Sclerosurgical and surgical treatment of patients with lower extremity varicose vein disease: analysis of results in a long-term period of observation

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №4 Pages: 839-845
Heading: Surgery Article type: Original article
Authors: Gafurova D.R., Kulikova A.N., Chabbarov R.G., Pyatnitsky A.G.
Organization: Saratov Regional Clinical Hospital, Saratov State Medical University, Saratov «Omega-clinic»
Summary:

Aim: to analyze and evaluate the long-term results of sclerosurgical and surgical treatment of patients with lower extremity varicose vein disease (VVD). Material and Methods. Diagnostics and treatment findings of 228 patients are presented. The main group consists of 153 patients (189 extremities) after intraoperative trunk catheter sclerotherapy of the great saphenous vein (GSV) with a crossectomy. The comparison group consists of 75 patients (96 extremities) after the GSV phlebectomy by Babcock — Narat. Long-term results (5-9 years) of treatment were evaluated by comparing the quality of life (QL) parameters of patients, the ultrasonic characteristics of venous bed for operated extremities, and the progression of VVD. Results. There was not found any considerable differences in respondents' QL during the comparison. Duplex ultrasound scanning of the lower extremities in most cases revealed a wide spectrum of pathological ultrasound signs (6 of 13 signs, the differences in which are statistically significant, but not specific for stem sclerotherapy and phlebectomy). Investigation of VVD dynamics after correction of the varicose syndrome revealed three variants of the disease course: regression, lack of dynamics, progression. Conclusion. The effectiveness of sclerosurgical interference in the long-term observation period is comparable with the surgical one, which is confirmed by the total number of positive (good and satisfactory) treatment results after using both methods (93.7 and 81.3% respectively), ultrasound diagnosis results, absence of significant differences in QL of patients.

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Interdisciplinary aspects of rehabilitation of patients with oncological diseases in non-terminal situation of the disease

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №4 Pages: 806-808
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Review
Authors: Shmerkevich А.В., Vodolagin A.V., Balakina D.D.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Medical social rehabilitation of patients with oncological diseases in the non-terminal stage of the disease is based on the principle of an interdisciplinary approach, which involves complex special treatment, providing patients and their families with various types of social and psychological support at all stages of specialized care. The authors of the review consider the solution of medical and social problems in the rehabilitation of patients with oncological diseases in the context of the synergistic effect. Weak social and psychological protection of patients with oncological pathology adversely affects the prognosis of the disease and worsens patients quality of life. The review provides evidence that patients who receive social support are best adapted to the cancer situation, while a lack of social support is a significant risk factor for increased mortality in cancer patients.

Keywords: quality of life
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