Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

cardiomyopathies

The analysis of the clinical and tool parameters characterizing a cardiomyopathyat various forms of the progressing muscular dystrophies

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №1 Pages: 160-164
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Poverennova I.E., Zakharov A.V., Chernikova V.V.
Organization: Samara State Medical University, Samara Regional Clinical Hospital n.a. V. D. Seredavin
Summary:

Purpose: studying of clinical and tool characteristics of cardiomyopathies at various forms of the progressing muscular dystrophies. Material and methods. There had been 103 patients with hereditary forms of the progressing muscular dystrophies examined, among which 35 persons were with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, 28 with an atrophic myo-tonia, and 40 with a limb girdle dystrophy is conducted. Assessment of clinical and tool features of cardiomyopathies at these types of the hereditary progressing muscular dystrophies had been carried out. Results. In the group of patients with diffusion damage of a myocardium in the form of dystrophic violations had been revealed. Existence of a negative tooth of T in some assignments and lengthenings of an interval of QT is noted. With a dystrophic myotonia violation of a warm rhythm occurred at patients by 87 times more often than in the group of comparison. Violation of a rhythm of heart in group of patients with a limb girdle dystrophy came to light 91 times more often in reference to the group of comparison. Conclusion. Violations in a cardiovascular system at Duchenne muscular dystrophy are preferentially diffusion changes in a myocardium. At a dystrophic myotonia and a limb girdle dystrophy cardial violations concern mainly excitability and the conductivity of heart which are the main reason of developing of this disease at these patients.

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Analysis of polymorph genetic variations of angiotensin converting enzyme, glutathione S-transferase in patients with cardiomyopathy

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №2 Pages: 224-228
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: Berg A.R., Chepurnaya A.N., Karimov D.О., Viktorova T.V., Nikulicheva V.I., Safuanova G.Sh.
Organization: Bashkir State Medical University of the Russian Health Care
Summary:

Tropicality. Cardiomyopathies (CMP) are diseases of unknown etiology. CMP are usually diagnosed in late stages of the disease. The search for diagnostic methods for CMP in the early stage is of great importance. The purpose is to determine the character of distribution of polymorph genetic variations rates of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), glutathione S- transferase (GSTM 1) among CMP patients and healthy subjects living in the Republic of Bashkortostan and to substantiate their value in CMP pathogenesis. Materials and methods. A total of 67 patients with CMP were included in the study. Out of them, 40 patients were diagnosed with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICMP) and 27 patients — dilatation cardiomyopathy (DCMP). 110 healthy persons were enrolled in the control group. Results. In the group of patients with ICMP, the genotype DD (x2=4,81; p=0,029) occurred more frequently. In DCMP group, there was also an increase in frequency of DD genotype of polymorph genetic locus of ACE gene (%2=4,046; p=0,044). Conclusion. Genetic analysis of polymorph l/D locus of ACE gene in patients with ICMP and DCMP showed a decrease in occurrence rates of II, ID genotypes, allele I, as well as an increase in DD genotypes and allele D. This is associated with an increased risk for the development of these cardiovascular diseases

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