Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Kursk State Medical University

Social and demographic characteristics and health status of women of fertile age in Moscow region

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №1 Pages: 72-77
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Breusov A.V., Konovalov О.Е., Kharitonov A.K., Kharchenko V.V., Breusov R.A.
Organization: Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Kursk State Medical University, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

 . SObjective: analysis of the state of health, medical activity, social and demographic characteristics of women of child-bearing age to develop a set of medical and organizational measures aimed at reducing the loss of maternal and child health, improving the system of maternal and child health. Material and Methods. The following methods were used in the work: bibliographic, analytical, mathematical- statistical, sociological (questioning). The material of the study was 596 questionnaires of a sociological survey of women — patients of the regional perinatal center. Each questionnaire included 48 questions combined into 6 blocks (social, demographic characteristics, state of health, medical activity), which were processed using the statistical program PASW (Predictive Analytics Software) Statistics 22 Results. It was found that the majority of respondents considered themselves to be in the healthy group, every fifth considered that they had chronic diseases and 11.9% felt sick. In the structure of chronic pathology, the largest proportion was accounted for by respiratory diseases, ENT organs, circulatory system diseases, gynecological diseases. Conclusion. On the basis of the obtained data, the directions for improving the system of maternal and child health have been proposed, such as: strengthening preventive activities, improving the quality of clinical examination of the female population; improvement of continuity in the work of institutions of the maternal and child welfare system; introduction of interactive forms of education for pregnant women.

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Analysis of postoperative complications in lavsan prosthesis of trachea

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №2 Pages: 324-328
Heading: Surgery Article type: Original article
Authors: Goryainov D.A.
Organization: Kursk State Medical University

Objective: to study the nature of the complications in the experiment (in prosthesis concerning trachea and lungs) in lavsan tracheal prosthesis. Materials and methods: An experimental study was carried out on 27 mongrel dogs, divided into groups: the first group was replaced with lavsan prosthesis of 1h1sm tracheal defect (n = 9); in the second group cartilage defect of half-rings of the trachea 4 * 1,5 cm (n = 9) was replaced; in the third group circular tracheal defect was replaced with removing of three half-rings (1.5 cm) (n = 9). The dynamics of change in clinic in animals after surgery was evaluated. All the animals were performed in the dynamics tracheoscopy At autopsy after the period of 2, 4 and 8 weeks changes in the nature of tracheal prostheses and lungs were evaluated. Results: In all the animals of the first group there were no postoperative complications, the prosthesis was covered with mucous from the lumen of the trachea, lung lesions were not observed. Animals of the second and the third group were observed. Coughing on the second day after surgery, the prosthesis deformity of varying severity, lung lesions typical to pneumonia were revealed. Conclusion: Lavsan tracheal prosthesis is acceptable only if it has small defects.

2013-02_324-328.pdf350.15 KB

Correlation of self-regulation of perception functional systems with characteristics and functions of attention

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №4 Pages: 791-795
Heading: Physiology and Pathophysiology Article type: Original article
Authors: Berdnikov D.V., Bobyntsev I.I.
Organization: Kursk State Medical University, Kursk Forensic Laboratory

The purpose of the research: to study the relation of the voluntary visual attention to the self-regulation of different functional information comprehension systems. The object of the research: 196 individuals, aged 18-26 years, having no complaints of their health status. The techniques used: those of comprehension and measuring the pure tone length, the spatio-temporal parameters of the stimulus and the instrumental-software complex for studying the properties of attention. The results of the research have demonstrated that realizing its properties through the control functions attention exerts an active influence on the functional comprehension systems self-regulation. Conclusion: We have proved the integration of the function of attention into the self-regulation processes

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