Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Sedova L.N.

Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky, Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Fundamental and Clinical Uronephrology, Senior Research Assistant, Candidate of Medical Science

Combination of the transurethral resection and prostate HIFU ablation at treatment of the localized cancer

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №3 Pages: 450-455
Heading: Urology Article type: Original article
Authors: Popkov V.M., Fomkin R.N., Blyumberg B.l., Shatylko T.V., Sedova L.N., Abramova E.P.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Research objective: to estimate results of treatment of patients with the localized form of a cancer of a prostate at a combination of a transurethral resection (TURP) and HIFU of an ablation. Objects and research methods: From February, 2009 to February, 2014 of 100 patients with the localized form of a cancer of a prostate were selected for research:
26 patients were included into HIFU and 74 group in group of the combined treatment (TURP+HIFU). Selection criteria for HIFU ablation were the localized cancer of a prostate concerning which earlier it wasn't carried out treatments, and level of a PSA at the time of statement of the diagnosis 15 ng/ml. All patients corresponding to these by criteria, were considered as candidates for treatment and inclusion in the analysis. The nadir and stability of PSA, the histologic conclusion, IPSS, quality of life and complication were estimated at time of postoperative supervision. Results: Statistically significant influence of a combination TURP+HIFU for the term of transurethral drainage of a bladder (a median of 40 days against 7 days), incontience frequency (15.4% against 6.9%), infections of urinary ways (47.9% against 11.4%) and IPSS change during the postoperative period (on the average 8.91 against 3.37) is noted. During the short period of supervision it wasn't observed considerable changes in relation to efficiency: in HIFU group the frequency of repeated sessions made 25%, in TUR/HIFU group 4%. Conclusion: HIFU therapy is modern, minimum invasive method of a cancer therapy of a prostate. The combination of a transurethral resection and HIFU ablation significantly reduces the frequency of the complications connected with treatment. Maintaining the patient after combined TURP and HIFU ablation is comparable with maintaining the patient after usual TURP.

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Improvement of complex therapy of patients with pathology of scrotal organs formed by chronic brucellosis infection

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №2 Pages: 165-170
Heading: Infectious Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: Glybochko Р. V., Evdokimov A.M., Liapina Е.Р., Shuldiakov A. A., Ponukalin A.N., Blyumberg В.I., Sedova L.N.
Organization: First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M. Sechenov, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim of the study is to improve the treatment of patients with male reproductive organs pathology, formed by chronic brucellosis infection. Material and methods: We have analyzed the dynamics of the clinical manifestations of diseases of the scrotal organs, data of physical and ultrasound studies, semen parameters, the quality of life in 22 patients with chronic brucellosis and the presence of orchitis / orchiepididymitis against conventional therapy (10 patients), and combined treatment with the inclusion of cycloferon (i/m, 2 injection rate from 5 (0.25g) with a break 10 days) — 12. Results: We have proved ability of cycloferon to reduce the severity of the inflammatory process in the testis and epididymis, with improving of spermatogenesis and the quality of life for patients. We have marked the reduction in the number of exacerbations of chronic orchitis / orchiepididymitis 2.4 times after the course of cycloferon, its good tolerability of patients, no side effects. Conclusion: Using these results, the presence of anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory potencies, cycloferon can be recommended in treatment of inflammatory lesions of the scrotal organs in patients with chronic brucellosis.

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Ultrasonic diagnostics perspectives in patients with urolithiasis (review)

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 718-723
Heading: Urology Article type: Review
Authors: Skvorzova N.V., Chekhonatskaya M.L., Rossolovsky A.N., Kondratjeva О.A., Sedova L.N., Abramova A.P.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The current aspects of ultrasonic diagnostics and monitoring in treatment of urolithiasis and obstructive syndrome were considered on the basis of the analysis of native and foreign literature. The reaction of hemodynamic parameters of the kidney to obstruction of the upper urinary tract and the impact of the shock waves on renal parenchyma were under the study. The potential of Doppler in the evaluation of renal blood flow both before and after surgery were highlighted in the article

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