Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

endothelium

Cytoprotective effect of cytoflavinum at treatment of thermal injury of various severity level

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №1 Pages: 038-042
Heading: Physiology and Pathophysiology Article type: Original article
Authors: Bozhedomov A.J., Morrison V.V., Shulaeva N.M., Nikitina V.V., Ivanenko I.L.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov City Clinical Hospital №7
Summary:

The purpose of research was studying of cytoprotective effect of cytoflavinum at a thermal trauma of different severity level. Materials and methods. 169 patients with thermal burns with a favorable outcome and gravity of a thermal trauma from 30 to 170 points on Franc were under research. 28 patients took standard dosage of cytoflavinum while complex therapy. Results. Patients with thermal trauma more than 60 points on Franc took Cytoflavinumuse and demonstrated decrease in intensity of system inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), reduction of band neutrophils portion, lowering of erythrocyte number, smaller activation ofthrombocytopoiesis, dicrease of concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor. Positive effect was not revealed in group of patients with thermal trauma less than 60 points who received cytoflavinum. Conclusion. Use of cytoflavinum was the most effective at thermal trauma gravity more than 60 points on Franc

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High density lipoproteins as indicators of endothelial dysfunction in children with diadetes type I

Summary:

The aim of the investigation was to study the level of blood high density lipoproteins (HDL) in the groups of children with different course of diadetes type I in order to find out the dependence of course and complications of diabetes on that level. Materials and methods: Blood high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels were investigated in children and adolescents with diadetes type I, depending on the duration of diadetes type I, age, stage of sexual development, the stage of diabetic nephropathy and levels of plasma endothelin-1 (E-1). Results: Decrease in HDL level with increasing duration of diadetes type I in prepubertate patients, higher indices of HDL cholesterol were determined in girls, especially with impaired puberty. HDL cholesterol was higher in diabetic nephropathy at the stage of proteinuria and high level of blood endothelin-1. Conclusion: The revealed changes were considered to cause deregulation of vascular endothelium as a manifestation of the initial stages of endothelial dysfunction

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Homocysteine as a risk factor of ischemic heart disease development (review)

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 619-624
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Review
Authors: Skvortsov Yu.l., Korolkova A.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Homocysteine is a product of methionine metabolism. Increased levels of homocysteine strengthen oxidizing stress, disturb endothelial function, raise arterial blood pressure and lead to thrombus formation. Homocysteine increases the risk of development of atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, cerebral and peripheral vessels diseases. By severity it can be compared with smoking and hypercholesterolemia. High levels of homocysteine cause the development of cardiovascular diseases that occur in people who have never suffered from heart attacks. Vitamin B-12 and folate decrease the homocysteine level and convert it into cysteine and methionine

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