Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

motivation

Experience of teaching biology to foreign students at the medical university

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №3 Pages: 707-710
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type:
Authors: Durnova N.A., Andronova Т.А., Sinichkina O.V., Sheremetyeva A.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article presents the generalized experience of biology teaching. At the Saratov State Medical University the biology program is available both in Russian and English. Given research favor optimization of the classes, makes them more efficient and informative. The ways of search of the new innovative methods and approaches in the teaching aimed at formation of profession competencies were purposed. Using of the modern information technologies in education and at the format of distance learning as well as integration of students into the educational media of university are the necessary conditions of foreign students teaching. The teaching of foreign students can enhance the prestige of the Russian education and increases the contingent of persons for which our country is welcomed.

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Modern practical-oriented approach to professional selection for medical professions among school graduates

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №2 Pages: 338-341
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Kasimovskaya N.A.
Organization: I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to study efciency of introduction of new instrument of vocational guidance in the feld of medicine — «Pre-Professional Examination» (Practical part), to estimate the current state of readiness for choice of medical profession among school leavers. Material and Methods. In 2017, for the frst time, an organizational experiment on the technology «Objective Structured Clinical Examination» (OSKE) for students of 11 grades of schools in Moscow (n=2703) was conducted and a comparative analysis with the results of obligatory «Pre-Professional Examination» (Practical part) (n=3100 respectively) to assess the practical skills of frst aid, also applied a sociological method to assess the readiness of graduates of secondary general educational organizations to the choice of the medical profession (n=300). Results. As a result of research it is established that at voluntary choice of participation in the practical-oriented examination (organizational experiment) the results are higher (60 points — 35.1±1.4 %), than at obligatory passage of «Pre-Professional Examination» (Practical part) (60 points — 2.1±0.3 %) which determines its importance as a motivational factor in the choice of professions in the feld of medicine. The sociological survey showed that 49±3.1 % of students-graduates of schools have not yet decided on the choice of profession. Conclusion. The efectiveness and signifcance of introducing the «Pre- professional exam» (practical part) as a promising method of strategic planning in government regulation of the formation of human resources for the health care system from school graduates and challengers for medical specialties has been scientifcally proven.

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Motivation of medical staff of dental organizations of various property types: data of sociological research

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 287-293
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Kaneva D.A., Breusov A.V.
Organization: Peoples' Friendship University of Russia
Summary:

The searching of effective methods of staff management is the most important task for healthcare managers. The purpose of the study: to assess the degree of work satisfaction of doctors and nursing staff of dental organizations of various forms of ownership and to analyze the factors that determine it. Material and Methods. The survey was conducted using a specially developed questionnaire, which included blocks describing the following parameters: satisfaction with various aspects of the work; factors affecting labor activity; rating characteristics of work; motives that determine professional interest; conditions that stimulate activity. Results. As a result of the study, differences were found in the satisfaction with the professional activity and working conditions of medical and nursing staff of dental organizations of various forms of ownership. Factors determining the motivation of the work of the personnel of the modern medical organization are revealed. This allowed for a differentiated approach to the development of measures to improve the diverse motivation of the staff. Conclusion. It was established that the main directions in improving the staff motivation system may be: material and non-material promotion; optimization of work organization; involving staff in the management of organization and making management decisions; improvement of professional skills of employees, fair distribution of remuneration and social services.

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Inadequate motivation for maternity is the risk factor for a perinatal fetus pathology and a newborn

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №4 Pages: 857-859
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Short message
Authors: Panina O.S., Privalova I.V., Chernenkov Yu.V., Pozgaleva N.V., Cherednikova E.N.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

One of the important social risk factors for the birth of a child with pathology in our time is tobacco smoking, with both mother and father. Goal: assess the formation of motivation for motherhood by questioning women with tobacco. Material and Methods. To carry out the research, we used the "Methods of Investigating Motives for Preserving Pregnancy" according to L. N. Rabovalyuk, N.A. Kravtsovoy; methodology "Motives for the conception of a child" by OA. Urusova. Results. When analyzing the results using the method "Motives for conceiving a child" (OA Urusova), in 45.7% of the women studied, an inadequate type of motivation for motherhood was revealed. An unconstructive motive is the high desire of the subject to have a being that will embody her unrealized dreams and plans. 54.3% of mothers, as the predominant type, have an adequate type of motivation for maternity. In addition, the motives for responsibility for the life of the child, the joy of motherhood, the awareness of the child's own values, the desire to have it for the sake of positive life goals and himself are revealed. Conclusion. Timely detection of inadequate motivation for motherhood and proper prioritization will reduce the percentage of pathological pregnancy, increase the birth rate of healthy newborns.

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Extra-curricular independent work of students at the Department of Orthopedic Dentistry at Saratov State Medical University

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №4 Pages: 694-696
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Original article
Authors: Salnikova S.N., Bizyaev А.А., Konnov V.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to determine the implementation of extra-curricular work by students of the Faculty of Dentistry in the discipline of Prosthetic Dentistry. Material and Methods. On the basis of the PLO was created VPO questionnaire including various kinds of students' independent work, and reflects the attitude and the volume of this work by students in various courses in the discipline of prosthetic dentistry. Results. The study showed that 97% of students would prefer to use the CDS in the form of a presentation, outline — 98%, in any form — 10%. Conclusion. Active involvement of students in extra-curricular work independently will prepare specialists of higher level and promote the best professional adaptation of graduates and retain them for the future practice.

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Assessment of smoking prevalence and status among students of senior courses of medico-prophylactic and therapeutic faculties of Samara State Medical University

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №2 Pages: 497-501
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Mokina N.A., Averina О.М.
Organization: Samara State Medical University
Summary:

The article provides data on prevalence and smoking status assessment among students of senior courses of medical university, the purpose of the study was to evaluate smoking prevalence and status in students of medical university in order to develop recommendations on healthy life style promotion. 58 senior students, 18 men and 40 women, were under study. Screening survey, spirometry, Fagerstrem test, questionnaires on motivation to stop smoking and test to reveal chronic bronchitis were held. Smoking was highly spread among the students of therapeutic faculty. The longest period of smoking was detected among male students of medico-prophylactic, and the highest intensity was revealed among female students of therapeutic faculty. Nicotine addiction in all groups was described as «very weak» and the highest degree was marked among men of medico-prophylactic faculty in particularly. Unwillingness of students (lack of motivation) to stop smoking was determined

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Motivation patient as an effective way prevention of complications in the treatment of non-removable orthodontic appliance

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №1 Pages: 329-331
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Short message
Authors: Saulin М.Р., Suyetenkov D.Ye., Grebennikov A.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The acute problem of a lesion of teeth is shown by caries in a situation when hygiene of an oral cavity is complicated owing to treatment by fixed orthodontic designs. Therefore it is necessary to give special value to preparation of the patient for long orthodontic treatment with application of effective remedies of preventive maintenance

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Interrelation of the Stomatologic Status, the Data of the Self-Appraisal and Motivation to Treatment

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №1 Pages: 326-327
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Short message
Authors: Savina Е.А., Bulkina N.V., Masumova V.V., Olevskaya O.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov City Clinical Hospital № 2
Summary:

The purpose of our research is the interrelation estimation between a self-appraisal questioned oral cavity conditions, the stomatologic status and motivation at the reference behind the stomatologic help. The index estimation of a condition of fabrics periodontial and questioning by the questionnaire developed by us was spent. The data obtained by us testifies to a biassed estimation respondents of a condition of an oral cavity and importance of carrying out of routine inspections for the purpose of timely revealing of a stomatologic pathology and motivation of patients to treatment

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