Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

preventive

Effect of solar activity and gestational age on the development of retinopathy of prematurity

Year: 2020, volume 16 Issue: №2 Pages: 605-609
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Original article
Authors: Kutimova E.Yu., Fabrikantov O.L., Matrosova Yu.V., Shutova S.V.
Organization: S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, Tambov State University n. a. G.R. Derzhavin
Summary:

The purpose of the investigation is to analyze prevalence and progression of retinopathy of prematurity depending on gestational age and solar activity at the time of birth. Material and Methods. 229 cases of premature babies born from 2017 to 2019 were randomly selected. They were divided into two groups: group I — children with retinopathy of prematurity (1, 2 and 3 degree) and group II —without any retinopathy (pre retinopathy). The disease outcome was taken into account in children with retinopathy of prematurity: children undergone laser coagulation (LK) and spontaneous regression. Based on the date of birth all children were divided according to seasons (winter, spring, summer and autumn) and periods of solar activity: reduced (winter-autumn) and increased (spring-summer) solar activity. Results. The study revealed a strong direct relationship between the outcome of retinopathy and gestational age and seasonal solar activity. Conclusion. In children born in spring and summer, the rate of spontaneous regression of retinopathy is significantly lowerthan in children born in the winter-autumn period. Reliable correlations were obtained: the longerthe gestational age and birth weight, the less likely it is to require laser coagulation.

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Flexion-extension injuries of cervical spine: simulation capabilities and primary prevention of road traffic injuries (review)

Year: 2020, volume 16 Issue: №2 Pages: 500-505
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Review
Authors: Ulyanov V.Yu., Salikhou Kh., Norkin I.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article reviews 37 Russian and foreign literature sources available at PubMed, E-library, Cyberleninka databases on flexion-extension injuries of the cervical spine, simulation capacities, and measures of traffic accident trauma primary prevention. The authors analyzed contemporary data on the mechanics of flexion-extension injuries of the cervical spine, described the capacities of simulation for this common trauma that brings significant medical and social consequences, and drew conclusions on the prospects of traffic injury primary prevention.

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Public knowledge of risk factors, signs and treatment of stroke: Analysis of the survey results in 2014 and 2017

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 177-185
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Shchanitsyn I.N., Razdorskaya V.V., Kolokolov O.V., Lukina E.V., Loi'ko V.S,
Organization: Center of Medical Inspection, Moscow, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Aim. This study was conducted to establish levels of knowledge in the general population, and also to determine the impact of educational sessions on stroke knowledge. Material and Methods. Two groups (2014 and 2017 years) completed a stroke knowledge questionnaire (435 respondents). Results. Overall, most of respondents could list 2 or more risk factors, but only 50% in 2014 could list 3 warning signs. More than 80% would call emergency number in response to stroke, but only 25% had heard of thrombolytic therapy. Overall stroke knowledge scores decreased in 2017 despite the public awareness in the media. Conclusion. Currently the knowledge of stroke risk factors, warning signs, and treatment is poor in Saratov. Our study demonstrates that more educational campaigns should be conducted for improve knowledge of stroke symptoms, and therapy.

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Quality of life and health risk factors in officers departed from Armed Forces

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 791-795
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Konovalov О.Е., Breusov A.V., Popov A.V, Breusov R.A.
Organization: Peoples' Friendship University of Russia
Summary:

Objective: assessment of quality of life, identify of health risk factors for officers discharged from the Armed Forces, and development of step-by-step system for medical and social assistance to reserve soldiers (retired). Material and Methods. Anonymous questioning of 358 officers in different time periods, including the last year of service before departure, with the subsequent processing of the data using the statistical program SPSS. Results. It was established that the highest indicators of quality of life were from the military in reserve (RET.) more than 3 years, and the lowest from the military a year before the departure from the Armed Forces and in the first year after the departure. Conclusion. The authors proposed a step system of health and social care for members of the military reserve (retired) and an algorithm for its implementation, including regulations of interdepartmental interaction and integration of all organizations providing medical care.

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Motivation patient as an effective way prevention of complications in the treatment of non-removable orthodontic appliance

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №1 Pages: 329-331
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Short message
Authors: Saulin М.Р., Suyetenkov D.Ye., Grebennikov A.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The acute problem of a lesion of teeth is shown by caries in a situation when hygiene of an oral cavity is complicated owing to treatment by fixed orthodontic designs. Therefore it is necessary to give special value to preparation of the patient for long orthodontic treatment with application of effective remedies of preventive maintenance

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The new aspects of medical-preventive action at patients with oral candidosis

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №1 Pages: 319-321
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Short message
Authors: Bulkina N.V., Panchenko A.D.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The increase of mycosis-associated morbidity, emergence of new risk groups of mycosis progression and growth of antifungal drug market are among the reasons why formulation of standards for mycosis diagnostics and treatment as well as preventive measures against it is a relevant idea. This study includes primary measures for preventing mouth cavity candidosis recommended for patients with this pathology

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