Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Sertakova A.V.

Saratov State Medical University n.a. VI. Razumovsky, Scientific and Research Institute of Traumatology, Orthopedics and Neurosurgery, Senior Research Assistant, Candidate of Medical Science

Quality of life in children with fat feet (planovalgus foot, longitudinal platypodia)

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №2 Pages: 271-274
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Dokhov M.M., Sertakova A.V., Rubashkin S.A., Timaev M.Kh.
Organization:
Summary:

Objective: to evaluate the quality of life in children with fat feet using standard quality of life questionnaire technique. Material and Methods. 97 children with fat feet (mean age 9.7±1.2 y. o.) and 32 children with neutral position of the feet (control group) participated in the research. Both the fat foot and neutral position of the foot diagnoses were based on patients» clinical examination and instrumental methods of diagnosis. The questionnaire survey was conducted using the Oxford Ankle Foot Questionnaire (OAFQ) for children (7–17 y. o.) designed for evaluation of potential cost for treatment of children with foot and ankle joint pathologies. It is made up of 15 questions showing the quality of life (physical development, school life and exercise, emotional development) as well as problems with shoes selection. General central module of the Kiddy-KINDL Questionnaire covers various aspects of children»s life providing a fexible modular psychologically applicable method. The structure of the questionnaire scales consists of 24 questions united in evaluation groups. Results. In the group of fatfoot children the quality of life is reliably lower in terms of physical development and shoes selection. Flat feel has almost no impact on children»s emotional development as well as their social function; it doesn»t usually lead to fxation on disfguration. Conclusion. To evaluate every individual clinical case of decline in physical development quality and worsening of the emotional state in pediatric patients trauma orthopedists are recommended to employ various questionnaires that allow for detailed defning of lesions degree and quality for individual selection of the treatment method.

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The method of controlled growth for the correction of axial deformities of lower extremities in children

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 529-532
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Dokhov M.M., Mashukov T.S., Sertakova A.V., Rubashkin S.A., Timaev M.Kh., Kurkin S.A.
Organization:
Summary:

Aim: to estimate the outcomes of the method of controlled growth in the correction of axial deformities of lower extremities in children. Material and Methods. We fulfilled the analysis of surgical results of 37 children aged 3-13 yrs. with leg axial deformities, valgus (20) and varus (17) leg deformities at the level of knee joints. All patients were operated in the growth area with the method of controlled growth — temporary epiphysiodesis of external portions of distal growth areas in femoral bones. The assessment of controlled growth method was conducted at 3-14 months for valgus and 6-15 months for varus leg deformities. Results. The assessment of controlled growth method use indicated clinically and X-ray proved reduction in femoral-tibial angle before the elimination of metal construction in valgus deformity 4.1 times, in varus 3.8 times. Conclusion. The method of controlled growth is highly effective correction method for axial deformities of lower extremities in children, and is minimally traumatizing.

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Anatomic and functional disorders in children with flatfoot

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 396-401
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Sertakova.A.V., Dokhov M.M., Rubashkin S.A., Timaev M.Kh.
Organization:
Summary:

Aim: to analyze anatomic and functional changes in children with flatfoot. Material and Methods. We analyzed foot state in 40 children (34 boys and 6 girls, aged 5-14, mean age: 9.6±2.3 yrs), comparison group consisted of 30 healthy children aged 5-14 (mean age 8.5±2.5 yrs) without foot pathology. Patients were diagnosed on the basis of clinical examination: complaints, functional stress tests, QL questionnaire Oxford Ankle Foot, instrumental methods (X-ray, biomechanical investigation). Results. Right from early age (5 yrs) children start experiencing discomfort in feet in the course of various physical exercises, in our experiment 77% of patients have discomfort complaints. Mean indexes of OAFQ were 30.8±12.5. All children had signs of astragalus erection with respect to calcaneum which stipulates disturbance of longitudinal arch of foot joints and of normal function in talocalcaneal coalition. The disturbance of gait time indexes results in its decreased function. Conclusion. At present the problem of flatfoot in children did not get proper attention. The surgeons should focus on the features of pathology development in children 7-14 yrs applying all modern diagnostic methods.

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Anatomic and functional disorders in children with flatfoot

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 396-401
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Sertakova.A.V., Dokhov M.M., Rubashkin S.A., Timaev M.Kh.
Organization:
Summary:

Aim: to analyze anatomic and functional changes in children with flatfoot. Material and Methods. We analyzed foot state in 40 children (34 boys and 6 girls, aged 5-14, mean age: 9.6±2.3 yrs), comparison group consisted of 30 healthy children aged 5-14 (mean age 8.5±2.5 yrs) without foot pathology. Patients were diagnosed on the basis of clinical examination: complaints, functional stress tests, QL questionnaire Oxford Ankle Foot, instrumental methods (X-ray, biomechanical investigation). Results. Right from early age (5 yrs) children start experiencing discomfort in feet in the course of various physical exercises, in our experiment 77% of patients have discomfort complaints. Mean indexes of OAFQ were 30.8±12.5. All children had signs of astragalus erection with respect to calcaneum which stipulates disturbance of longitudinal arch of foot joints and of normal function in talocalcaneal coalition. The disturbance of gait time indexes results in its decreased function. Conclusion. At present the problem of flatfoot in children did not get proper attention. The surgeons should focus on the features of pathology development in children 7-14 yrs applying all modern diagnostic methods.

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Coxar-throsis in infancy and adolescence: opportunities of preventive treatment

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 751-755
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Review
Authors: Norkin I.A., Sertakova A.V., Rubashkin S.A., Zotkin V.V., Gerasimov V.A., Timaev M.Kh., Chibrikova Yu.A., Kupina E.S.
Organization:
Summary:

The review systematizes scientific data on the major groups of heterogeneous diseases which have infant and adolescence coxarthrosis as their outcome and contains materials on etiology, pathogenesis, diagnostic, treatment and precaution methods of complication (dystrophic changes in hip joints) for each disease.

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Biomechanical criteria of orthopedic status of patients with dysplastic coxarthrosis (Crowe) IV before and after treatment

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 520-526
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Yusupov K.S., Barabash Yu.A., Pavlenko N.N., Romakina N.A., Anisimova E.A., Letov A.S., Sertakova A.V., Anisimov D.l.
Organization: Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology Orthopedics and Neurosurgery of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky
Summary:

The aim: to analyze locomotor function of lower limbs in patients with dysplastic coxarthrosis Crowe IV type before and after single-step hip joint endoprosthesis and femoral bone osteotomy conducted by our own technology. Material and Methods. 42 patients with one-side dysplastic coxarthrosis Crowe IV type were examined and operated. The mean age at the time of admission in men was 47.3±1.2 years, women — 46.1 ±1.1 years. Static and kinematic function of lower limbs was evaluated with the help of stabilometrics and podometry before and one year after the operation. Results. Before treatment, the patients had deviations of static and dynamic function of locomotor system stabilometri-cally seen as instability in upright position and podographically as a compromised gait. One year postsurgically we indicated static balance between the limbs within the normal range, expanded motoring mode, which was supported by significant improvement in the biomechanical characteristics of locomotor function of the patients. Conclusion. Total hip replacement in combination with modifying osteotomy of the hip conducted by a unique technique restores static and kinematic function of lower limbs in patients with high congenital hip dislocation (dysplastic coxarthrosis Crowe type IV) which is proved by stabilographic and podographic indices one year after operation.

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Comprehensive approach to the assessment of the functional status of patients with degenerative joint diseases of the lower extremities

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 510-514
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Romakina N.A., Korshunova G.A., Kireev S.I., Sertakova A.V., Norkin I.A.
Organization: Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology Orthopedics and Neurosurgery of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky
Summary:

Aim: development of an integrated biomechanical index that reflects the state of kinematic and static function in patients who need replacement of large joints as well as evaluation of the myoneural complex of lower extremities activity of category of patients. Material and Methods. 103 patients with osteoarthrosis of the hip and knee joints. A biomechanical survey included podography, stabilometry and dynamometry. An electrophysiological study of the peripheral nerves of the lower extremities with the determination of the amplitude of the muscle response and late neuronal responses was carried out. The level of activity of the gluteal muscles was determined. Results. The most sensitive indicators reflecting the state of biomechanical status were identified, specialized software for the integral biomechanical index calculation was developed. Conclusion. Methods of clinical biomechanics allow specialists to assess the state of kinematic and static function of the musculoskeletal system, matching of the integral biomechanical index with the data of neurophysiological monitoring makes possible to select individual tactics of treatment.

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The modern principles in treatment of Legg – Calve – Perthes syndrome in children

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №4 Pages: 729-734
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Rubashkin S.A., Sertakova A.V., Gerasimov V.A., Anisimov D.I., Vasilieva G.A, Bakhteeva N.Kh.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Belgorod Regional Clinical Hospital
Summary:

The aim: to improve the results of treatment of degenerative hip’s diseases in children by means of pathogenetic pattern. Methods and Materials. 56 children with Legg — Calve — Perthes syndrome aged from 4 to 12 years and 20 children of control group without hip’s diseases have been studied. Results. The modern principles of surgical treatment of Legg — Calve — Perthes syndrome in children have been identified. Conclusion. The results of surgical treatment of patients with a different degree of pathological process depending on a type of surgery (osteoplastic surgery, formation of vascularizing autotransplant, varus osteotomy, rotational intertrochanteric osteotomy) have been presented.

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Modern conceptions about mechanisms of progression process of hip dysplasia in children (review)

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 704-710
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Review
Authors: Sertakova А.V., Morozova O.L., Norkin I.A., Anisimov D.I.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics
Summary:

In the literature review of modern data concerning mechanisms of formation and progression process of hip dysplasia in children is represented. The questions concerning classification, processes of morphological and functional (biochemical) change of osteocartilaginous components of hip in children with connective tissue dysplasia, changes of content of remodeling and skeletal system degradation markers, angiogenesis in the process of progression of pathological changes in joint are taken up

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Surgical treatment of Perthes disease in child with hemophilia

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №1 Pages: 160-161
Heading: Practice physician Article type: Short message
Authors: Gerasimov V.A., Evzerova T.V., Vinokurov V.A., Tsaryova E.E., Sertakova AM., Anisimov D.I.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics
Summary:

Hemophilia is a genetically mediated disease caused by recessive transmission of the gene. At present etiological orientation in treatment of the given pathology has just begun to develop. Replacement therapy by the concentrate of blood factors is the principal method of treatment. With great success in the sphere of medicine life quality of children suffering from hemophilia has improved significantly. However, the given category of patients refers to the high risk group to render surgical care as before. The example of the surgical intervention is an intertrochanteric osteotomy of the femur in a child with hemophilia

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