Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Saratov State Medical University

www.sgmu.ru

"Benign" multiple sclerosis: a variant of favorable disease course and the result of effective treatment

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 153-156
Heading: Neurology Article type: Review
Authors: Makarov N.S., Kolokolov O.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article provides an overview of data on isolated demyelination syndromes that may precede multiple sclerosis, and on the peculiarities of the so-called "benign" form of multiple sclerosis. Clinical and anamnestic criteria for establishing the fact of a "benign" form of multiple sclerosis are presented, as well as trends in the number of these patients in the general population of patients with multiple sclerosis, including in connection with the improvement of treatment methods for this disease.

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Features of psychoemotional disorders in patients with multiple sclerosis in different clinical and demographic groups

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 151-153
Heading: Neurology Article type: Short message
Authors: Lukina E.V., Chernysheva О.А., Eliseeva V.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: to conduct an analysis of psychoemotional disorders in patients with multiple sclerosis, who are not receiving any treatment for these disorders. Material and Methods. A cohort of patients with a reliable diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, according to the criteria of С Poseur, consisting of 163 people, was selected for the research. A four-dimensional symptomatic questionnaire was used to assess distress, depression, anxiety and somatization (4DSQ) and a self-questionnaire for evaluating the symptoms of fibromyalgia with quantitative measures (WPI, SS, FS). Re-sults. Differences in the average values of the level of distress, depression, anxiety and somatization in patients with multiple sclerosis of different sex, age, with different type of course and duration of the disease are shown. Conclusion. The neuropsychological status of patients depends on the type of course of the disease, the level of distress — from age and sex, the level of somatization —from the age of this category of patients. In the complex treatment of this category of patients it is necessary to use symptomatic treatment in addition to pathogenetic therapy, which has not only neurotrophic and vasoactive effects, but also affects the psychoemotional background of patients.

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The possibility of using low-intensity helium-neon laser radiation in the treatment of patients with trigeminal neuralgia

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 149-150
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Lukina Е.М., Kolesov V.N., Skulovich S.Z., Chernysheva O.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: to evaluate the effectiveness of low-intensity helium-neon laser radiation in patients with trigeminal neuralgia. Material and Methods. With the help of low-intensity helium-neon laser radiation, 76 patients with trigeminal neuralgia were treated. For this purpose, helium-neon laser devices AFL-1 and AFDL-1 with a wavelength of laser radiation of 0.63 microns were used, the power flux was 20-25 mW. Results. It is shown that as a result of treatment with this type of radiation in most cases, both nociceptive and neuropathic components of the pain syndrome are stopped. Conclusion. For the management of pain syndrome in trigeminal neuralgia, it is advisable to use low-intensity laser radiation in complex treatment.

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The history of the hospital therapy department of the medical faculty in Saratov state medical university

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 109-111
Heading: Scientific schools and memorable dates Article type: Short message
Authors: Yudanova L.S., Rebrov А.Р.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

 The article represents the history of the first Department of Therapy at the University founded in September 1911 and describes the stages of its development.

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Professor M.M. Kirillov (to the birth anniversary)

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 107-108
Heading: anniversary Article type: Short message
Authors: Shapovalova T.G., Ryabova A.Yu., Shashina M.M.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article is devoted to the 85th anniversary of the honored doctor of the Russian Federation, Professor M.M. Kirillov.

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Youth policy at Medical University in conceptual and practical realization

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 100-106
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Popkov V.M., Bugaeva I.O., Zhivaykina А.А., Loyko V.S., Andriyanova E.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim of the article is to consider the main theoretical and practical aspects of implementation the program of youth policy in the Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky. Authors analyze the educational system and the way it correlates to modern challenges of the Russian society. Special attention is paid to the main conditions of realization and the directions of youth policy in the Saratov State Medical University. The conceptual principles of youth policy of higher school have been worked out by the authors.

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The role of museum of Department of Human Anatomy in the educational process

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 97-100
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Short message
Authors: Bugaeva O.I., Aleshkina O.Yu., Bikbaeva T.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article contains information on the history of the formation of the fundamental educational and scientific museum of Human Anatomy department of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky. The main collections of the fund of anatomy museum are presented. Features of registration and registration of anatomical preparations, as well as the purpose of their exposure, are described. The importance of the museum in the educational and scientific process of the department of human anatomy is considered.

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A case report of appendicular abscess resulted in hernial sac phlegmon

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 94-96
Heading: Surgery Article type: Case report
Authors: Shapkin Yu.G., Katalnikov A.E., Starchikhina D.V.
Organization: Saratov City Hospital No6 n.a. V. N. Koshelev, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

An abnormal clinical case of break of appendicular abscess in incisional ventral hernia complicated phlegmon of
anterior abdominal wall is reported. The observation is of significant importance due to rare frequency of occurrence
in clinical practice, formation of a dangerous complication (phlegmon of anterior abdominal wall), difficult differential
diagnostics (Richter’s strangulatoin bowel or epiploon in hernia with necrosis complicated hernial sac phlegmon or
break of appendicular abscess in incisional ventral hernia). The surgical management was performed followed by a
patient’s recovery.

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Acute varicothrombophlebitis: modern approach to the problem

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 87-94
Heading: Surgery Article type: Review
Authors: Tsarev О.А., Anisimov A.Yu., Prokin F.G., Zakharov A.A., Lobanov A.V., Senin A.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Acute varicothrombophlebitis, or thrombosis of superficial veins (TSV), is a dangerous complication of lower extremity varicose vein disease, as it is a frequent cause for pulmonary artery thromboembolism. The survey states the modern approach to pathogenesis, diagnostics, clinical findings and therapeutic approach to patients with TSV.

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A comprehensive approach to the diagnosis and treatment of straghorn nephrolithiasis

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 81-86
Heading: Urology Article type: Review
Authors: Chekhonatskaya M.L., Rossolovsky A.N., Kryuchkov I.A., Bobylev D.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

A review of the literature is devoted to the most topical diagnostic questions and treatment of patients with urolithia-sis. The role and the latest advances and benefits of minimally invasive surgery were described. Particular attention was paid to the problems of residual calculi and the condition of the renal parenchyma in the perioperative period. The theme of choice of conducting such patients tactics was considered. The actual diagnostic methods and a differentiated approach to the algorithm choice of the examination and treatment of patients with staghorn nephrolithiasis were considered. The review provided a scientometric analysis of research information (documents reference), contained the analytical array of scientific publications. Electronic information resources of scientific electronic library bibliographic databases: eLibrary, PubMed, Clinical Key, Science Direct — were used.

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