Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system

Genetic pathogenesis of essential arterial hypertension (the review)

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №1 Pages: 083-087
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Review
Authors: Shevchenko O.V., Svistunov А.А., Borodulin V.B., Ruta A.V., Bychkov E.N.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M. Sechenov

It is proved that genetic factors may be considered as fundamental in the development of essential arterial hypertension (AH). Important role in this process belongs to the genes whose products are involved in regulating blood pressure - adrenergic, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone, and homocyclic bradykinin systems. These systems are closely connected by serial and parallel chemical reactions that enable to use genetic testing to determine the state of the whole system. Analysis of polymorphic markers of different groups of genes encoding components of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system allows to define the role of each of the pathogenic factor of hypertension in the development of the disease

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