Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Andriyanova E.A.

Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky, Head of Department of Philosophy, Humanities and Psychology, Doctor of Sociological Science

Risks of sexual relations in representations of students

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 297-301
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Chernyshkova E.V., Zaviyalov A.l., Tupikin D.V., Denishev R.R., Uzhakhov A.M., Uzhakhov T.M., Andriyanova E.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

.The goal of the workwasto determine on the basis of sociological research the representation of medical students about the possible risks of sexual relations. Materials and methods. The survey of 659 students of medical and pediatric faculties of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky and Volgograd State Medical University. Results of the research demonstrate that the most significant risks of sexual relations considered by the students are sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancy. However, despite a high level of awareness of probability of their occurrence less than a half of the students always use necessary remedies to avoid these risks, this fact allows to refer students to a group with an increased risk of STI and unwanted pregnancy. It is determined that self-treatment practice in regard to STI is not wild-spread among medical students due to the presence of deeper knowledge about reproduc- tive health. Conclusion. The analysis of author's research data and the works devoted to the problem of sexual relations risks among youth allows to state the imbalance between students' knowledge of sexual contacts risks and their real behavioral practices, and a significant decrease in the level of preventive work. Medical students can be considered as a resource for optimizing this type of work with students of high schools, colleges and other universities.

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Youth policy at Medical University in conceptual and practical realization

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 100-106
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Popkov V.M., Bugaeva I.O., Zhivaykina А.А., Loyko V.S., Andriyanova E.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim of the article is to consider the main theoretical and practical aspects of implementation the program of youth policy in the Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky. Authors analyze the educational system and the way it correlates to modern challenges of the Russian society. Special attention is paid to the main conditions of realization and the directions of youth policy in the Saratov State Medical University. The conceptual principles of youth policy of higher school have been worked out by the authors.

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Rehabilitation after hip and knee joints replacement: several results of medical and sociological monitoring

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №4 Pages: 796-799
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Fedonnikov A.S., Andriyanova Е.А., Erugina M.V, Norkin I.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Aim: research of rehabilitation process problem areas after hip and knee joints replacement. Material and Methods. Program of monitoring and evaluation of medical, organizational, social and psychological components of rehabilitation was developed. Sociological study of 1175 patients who have undergone in 2015-2016 total hip and knee joints replacement was conducted. Results. It was revealed an absence of real interaction between key parties of rehabilitation processes based on significant disproportion between high level (more than 80%) of patients' satisfaction of rehabilitation organizing and low activity of health managers (9.4%). Despite of declared patients' high rehabilitation quality permanent pain noted by 45% of respondents, move freely without additional support is available only for about 50% of patients. Conclusion. Rehabilitation management and its' quality are the key values for locomotor system functional recovery. Provided study has designated main problems of rehabilitation quality evaluation after hip and knee joints replacement.

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Medical and sociological issues of rehabilitation of patients after hip and knee joints replacement

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 761-764
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Fedonnikov A.S., Erugina M.V., Andriyanova E.A., Norkin I.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim: research of medical and social issues of rehabilitation after hip and knee joints replacement. Material and Methods. Sociological study of 1175 patients who have undergone in 2015-2016 total hip and knee joints replacement was conducted. Results. Within the scope of medical surveillance after the surgery 69.8% of patients made regular visits to orthopedic specialists after joint replacement, but only 9.4% of surveyed patients confirm the practice of active monitoring of rehabilitation on the part of health services. There had been determined a high level of declared patients satisfaction (more than 80%) with weak health managers activities argue considerable informational gap between the key parties of rehabilitation. Conclusion. Provided study has designated problem areas of patient and health system communication in rehabilitation after hip and knee joints replacement.

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Psychological predictors of reproductive attitudes among medical students

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 549-553
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Popkov V.M., Bugaeva I.O., Andriyanova Е.А., Aranovich I.Yu., Katkova A.V., Chernyshkova E.V., Aranovich L.M.
Organization: Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology Orthopedics and Neurosurgery of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky
Summary:

The goal was to determine psychological predictors of reproductive attitudes among medical students. Material and Methods. The survey of 84 students (of the 3rd and the 5th year of medical faculty of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky) was carried out using a combination of methods (questionnaire, testing) aimed to achieve the research goal. Results. Features of reproductive attitudes and reproductive intentions of students, as well as psychological characteristics of youth, such as personal maturity, belief in people and value orientations were studied. Psy- chological predictors of reproductive attitudes among medical students were determined. Conclusion. It was revealed that reproductive attitudes among students of the 5th year were higher than those of the 3rd year. There were gender differences in psychological predictors of reproductive attitudes among students. It was experimentally established that existence of faith in people, high level of personal maturity, high importance of personal values, altruistic values and values of acceptance of others had a positive impact on reproductive attitudes among young people. Based on the results of the study, recommendations were developed with the aim to improve reproductive attitudes and psychological readiness for parenting of medical students.

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An elderly person in the attitudes of medical students and medical residents: an ethical aspect

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №2 Pages: 300-302
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Fakhrudinova E.R., Vashchenko I.S., Andriyanova E.A., Alenin P.N., Ermolaeva E.M.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The objective of the study: to identify the attitudes towards elderly among the students and residents of SSMU n.a. V. I. Razumovsky. Material and Methods. Students of 3d and 6th courses and interns of 1st and 2d years (N=85) enrolled in the SSMU n.a. V. I. Razumovsky were involved in the research. The average age of respondents was 21 ±1.8 years. We used the technique of unfinished sentences, which allowed us to measure emotional load of the semantic field of the phenomenon of old age. Results. Among the respondents, most commonly old age is associated with responsibilities in the upbringing of grandchildren, wisdom and pension. The main reasons that hamper the interaction with the elderly respondents emphasized the conflict of older people and a decrease in cognitive functions. Conclusions. In the researched population there is mainly a positive image of old age. Medical students should be prepared to work with older people and a tolerant attitude to old age should be formed

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Strategies of health preservation of agricultural workers with occupational diseases (material of focus-group research)

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №1 Pages: 88-92
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Chernyshkova Е.М., Andriyanova Е.А., Yurova I.Yu., Chernyshkov D.V., Mukhina M.Yu.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim of the work is to analyze the attitude of employers to health preserving practices among agricultural workers with occupational diseases. Material and methods. Applying qualitative research strategy — focus-group interview (research period: 2015-2016). The basis of the study is opinion of peasant farm enterprise employers from Saratov region (n=8). Results. The article reveals formal character of health preserving actions aimed at agricultural workers with occupational diseases who are involved in work associated with occupational hazards at peasant farm enterprises. Breach of employment requirements and norms, conditions of work, sanitary and medical protection on the part of employers has also been stated. Failure of working career alternative adequate to somatic state of employees and absence of formed value system among agricultural workers aimed at health preserving practices have been detected as well. Conclusion. On the basis of employers opinion it is possible to state weakening of responsibility on the part of an employer as an active agent of health preserving process and its transfer to employees.

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Basic foundations of phthisiology professionalization in the assessment of experts

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №4 Pages: 611-616
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Alenin P.N., Andriyanova Е.А., Kloktunova N.A., Akimova N.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim of the work is to study the conditions and stereotypes that determine the process of professionalization in the field of phthisiology. The main factors have been analyzed that characterize the situation of ТВ as a public health sphere in Russia. Material and Methods. Applying qualitative research strategy — semi-structured expert interviews. The basis of the study is the expert opinion of practitioners in the field of ТВ: ТВ service specialists of Saratov Region (Regional Clinical ТВ Dispensary in Saratov) and lecturers of the department of Phthisiopulmonology of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky (n=10). Results. The article presents research materials, aimed at identifying the specifics of the basic foundations of national ТВ professionalization. The main factors of vocational choice include a personal interest in the profession, value preferences, information availability, safety and the risk of occupational diseases, the contingent of patients. Conclusion. On the basis of expert opinion the influence of endogenous and exogenous factors to assess ТВ status of the professional medical community, as well as students — physicians in the context of their future professional socialization have been described.

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Social evaluation of the normative-legal basis of professional risks regulation in regard to nurses

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №4 Pages: 605-611
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Review
Authors: Devlicharova R.Yu., Andriyanova Е.А., Chernyshkova E.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The analysis of normative-legal basis to regulate occupational health risks of medical nursing staff as a part of health services institutionalization (by the example of nurses working with ionizing radiation in oncology service) is presented. It was revealed that transition to a model of social partnership between the state and the employer in the field of occupational safety had a negative impact on practice of health preservation of the analyzed social group, which actually has lost financial compensation for harmful working conditions. The authors point out the necessity to expand state functions in the sphere of health preservation or specifying guarantees for safe working conditions to different categories of medical staff at the level of a specialized federal legislation.

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A competency-based model for training of specialists in vertebrology at higher medical school

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №2 Pages:
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Short message
Authors: Norkin I.A., Fedonnikov A.S., Zaretskov V.V., Andriyanova E.A., Levchenko K.K., Zaretskov A.V., Belonogov V.N.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The field of medicine facing the issues of diagnosis and treatment of spine diseases and injuries requires training of specialists in vertebrology taking into consideration the modern standards of higher professional education and medical care conditions. The article deals with the training of the specialists using a competency-based model

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