Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

tuberculosis

The activity of phthisiology service of the Saratov region during the Great Patriotic War and the first post-war years

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №1 Pages: 132-136
Heading: Scientific schools and memorable dates Article type: Short message
Authors: Chulochnikov А.А.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article presents a brief overview of the tuberculosis service's activities, of epidemiological situation in the Saratov region during the Great Patriotic war, and of contribution of advanced tuberculosis evacuation hospitals in reducing the number of tuberculosis cases among military personnel and civilian population in the Saratov region.

AttachmentSize
2019_1_132-136.pdf1.84 MB

Dynamics of the main epidemic indicators of tuberculosis in the Saratov region

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №2 Pages: 289-293
Heading: Phthisiology Article type: Original article
Authors: Danilov A.N., Morozova T.l., Doktorova N.P.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective; analysis of the dynamics of the main indicators of the ТВ epidemic in the Saratov region during the 5-year period. Material and Methods. The analysis of major indicators of epidemic (morbidity and mortality) in the Saratov region during the five years of observation. In the work a comparative evaluation of the parameters studied with analogical indicators in the Russian Federation was carried out. Results. During the period from 2009 to 2013 situation of tuberculosis epidemic in the Saratov region has positively stabilized. Over the past five years, the mortality rate in the region has decreased, while in the Russian Federation as a whole only on 25%, the incidence of the population in the region fell by 20%. It has been established that the later detection of a tuberculosis process leads to an increase in mortality and maintains reservoir of ТВ infection. Conclusion. In the Saratov region ТВ infection is thoroughly controlled. There is a well-established system for the detection, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of this specific process.

AttachmentSize
2014_02_289-293.pdf1.27 MB

Difficulties of treatment of patients with tuberculosis and medical recommendations performed by them

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №4 Pages: 741-743
Heading: Phthisiology Article type: Original article
Authors: Yudin S.A., Borzenko A.S., Delaryu V.V., Kaluzhenina А.А.
Organization: Volgograd State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: To study the reasons influencing the treatment of patients. Material and methods: Anonymous questioning of patients with tuberculosis in number of 584 people being on treatment in antituberculosis hospitals, 92 phthisiopul-monologists and 144 therapists of Volgograd was performed. Results: The conducted research testifies that patients with tuberculosis consider that they observe medical recommendations completely in 76,5% of cases, and the opinion of medical workers was completely opposite, only 4,3% of phthisiopulmonologists and 2,8% of therapists. Most doctors were sure that medical recommendations were carried out by only a half of tuberculosis patients, that was told by 54,4% of phthisiopulmonologists and 31,3% of therapists. Conclusion: Commitment formation to treatment at patients with tuberculosis should be carried out taking into account those difficulties and problems which are specified by patients, and also critical evaluation of performance by patients of the medical recommendations influencing the result of treatment. At the solution of medical problems phthisiopulmonologists did not pay enough attention to influence of psychological factors, taking into account available gender, age and educational level of the patient that compels to look for new ways of interaction of phthisiopulmonologists and psychotherapists in development of the individual plan of treatment and rehabilitation of every patient with tuberculosis.

AttachmentSize
2013-04_741-743.pdf250.34 KB

Modern patterns of tuberculosis epidemiologic situation among children in the North-West of Russia

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №2 Pages: 518-522
Heading: Phthisiology Article type: Original article
Authors: Isaeva N.Yu., Mayorova О.A., Galkin V.B., Archakova L.I.
Organization: St. Petersburg Scientific Research Institute of Phthisiopulmonology
Summary:

The research work has been carried out on the basis of official statistics data and results of curator departures. The purpose is to study the basic tendencies of tuberculosis epidemic situation among children for the period from 2004 till 2008 in the region of the North-west of Russia for working out priority antitubercular scheme. The disease morbidity has been investigated. Tendencies of situation development in each region with application of an estimation of morbidity rate have been defined. The nonparametric factor of correlation of Spirmen (c) has been taken into account. It is established that in case of normal epidemic situation, the basic indicators of tuberculosis in children from the Northwest of Russia are higher than all over the country. Epidemic situation in Kaliningrad is marked by accumulation of MBT+ in contingents. St.-Petersburg and Kaliningrad epidemic statistics accounts 52% from total number of ill children that influences a district indicator. In Kaliningrad and Arkhangelsk regions children from contact as a result of accumulation of adult MBT+ in contingents fall ill more often. The main method to reveal the pathology among children in St.-Petersburg is prevention, however children morbidity from contact with MBT+ in 2008 in 1,8 times lower than in the North-west Russia. The received data have found out that in Kaliningrad and Arkhangelsk regions the main direction in the antitubercular scheme is an increase in efficiency of treatment of tuberculosis in contingents of adults MBT+; in Murmansk, Pskov and Leningrad region it includes the modern preventive measures. For St.-Petersburg all directions of antitubercular work will be equally significant

AttachmentSize
201102_518-522.pdf310.87 KB

Improvement of therapy of inflammatory dieseases of parodentium in patients with focal tuberculosis

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №1 Pages: 132-135
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Original article
Authors: Lepilin A.M., Alexandrova Е.А., Kazimirova N.E., Shuldyakov А.А.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Clinical Hospital №3
Summary:

The purpose of the study is to determine clinical and pathogenetic efficacy of cycloferon liniment in the combined therapy of periodontitis of patients with focal tuberculosis. It is proved, that use of liniment Cycloferon in the combined treatment of patients with focal tuberculosis allows to accelerate process of normalization of parameters of lipid per-oxidation and antioxidant potential of blood, to decrease infection (herpes symplex virus I, Candida albicans, staphylo-coccus aureus) in parodontal pockets and local inflammation with reduction of activity of factor tumours necrosis and interleukin 1b. It leads to soon recovery and decrease of frequency of parodontitis recurrences

AttachmentSize
201101_132-135.pdf267.05 KB

Periodontitis in patients with focal tuberculosis

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №4 Pages: 815-817
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Original article
Authors: Alexandrova Е.А., Lepilin A.V., Kazimirova N.E., Shuldyakov А.А.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Clinical Hospital n.a. S.R. Mirotvortsev, Consultative Stomatological Polyclinic № 1
Summary:

The research goal is to investigate the mechanisms of formation and peculiarities of periodontitis in patients with focal tuberculosis. Patients with periodontitis and focal tuberculosis are proved to develop local inflammatory reaction with increased infection and activation of proinflammatory cytokines in parodontal pockets fluid. The main risk factor of frequent and durable recurrence of parodontal pathology in case of focal tuberculosis was the development of pathologic process as a cause of disbalance of lipid peroxidation and antioxidant system, endotoxicosis syndrome

AttachmentSize
201004_815_817.pdf231.76 KB