Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Salina E.A.

Saratov State Medical University n.a. VI. Razumovsky, Associate Professor of Neuropathology Department, Candidate of Medical Science

Types of cephalalgia syndrome observed in medical students of Saratov State Medical University

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №1 Pages: 177-179
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Salina Е.А., Parsamyan R.R., Kuznetsova Е.В., Sholomov I.I., Uzhakhov A.M., Shichanina E.K.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: to study the prevalence and clinical features of headache among medical students. Material and Methods. 160 students from the medical faculty on their 3rd and 6th years of education were surveyed. The type of headache was determined according to the International Classification of Headache (version 3, 2018). Neuropsychological status of students with tension headaches was studied with use of Schulte test, digital character substitution test, hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), test for determining sleepiness and sleep quality, tests for semantic and phonetic activity and memory. Statistical analysis was performed using MS Excel 2010 Results. The most common type of headache among medical students was primary headache, namely tension headache (78.2%). Migraine without aura (20.5%) and cluster headache (1.3%) were less common. Changes in the neuropsychological status were revealed in students suffering from tension headache. Conclusion. A study conducted among medical students showed a high prevalence of primary headache with a predominance of tension headache combined with anxiety and sleep disorders.

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Decompressive stabilizing operations in the treatment of complicated aggressive hemangiomas of transitional spine.

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 746-751
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Likhachev S.V., Arsenievich V.B., Salina E.A., Stepukhovich S.V., Norkin A.l., Mizyurov S.A., Zaretskov V.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim: to study the efficiency of surgical treatment of complicated aggressive hemangiomas in transitional spine. Material and Methods. Decompressive stabilizing operations were made to 26 patients aged 35-52 years with hemangiomas of vertebral bodies. Individual surgical features varied due to the character and level of the injury. Results. In the experimental patients' group in admission there was neurological deficit of compressional origin associated with the critical values of luminal narrowing due to the epidural component of the neoformation. Stable antalgic effect and decrease in neurological deficit were seen postsurgically. Conclusion. While choosing the surgical option of decompressive stabilizing treatment a surgeon should take into account roentgenomorphometric features of the injured vertebrae. Adequately planned intervention fulfilled with the account of the injury character allows obtaining favorable outcomes as well as LQ improvement, neurological deficit decrease and the elimination of pain syndrome.

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Effciency of HIV-infected patients detection in neurological hospitals of large industrial center

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №2 Pages: 563-567
Heading: Neurology Article type: Short message
Authors: Shuldyakov A.A., Kolokolov O.V., Potemina L.P., Abramova T.P., Kolokolova A.M., Lukina E.V., Sholomov I.I., Be-lousov M.I., Gryaznеv R.А., Salina E.A., Ornatskaya N.А., Mysovskaya O.V., Shmelev V.V., Eystrakh V.A., Shumilova A.V., Sotskova V.A.
Organization: Clinical hospital n.a. S. R. Mirotvortsev SSMU, Clinical Hospital № 12, Saratov, Clinical Hospital № 9, Saratov, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Aim of the study: to evaluate the effciency of detection for HIV-infection in patients of neurological departments of Saratov. Materials and methods. We retrospectively analyzed 25 250 medical histories of patients hospitalized into neurological departments of Saratov hospitals between January 2007 and April 2012. Results. Blood samples of 2010 patients (7,96 %) were tested for the presence of HIV-antibodies. 37 patients were HIV-positive (1,84 % of examined patients and 0,15 % of the total number of patients). Conclusion. Increasing popularity and variety of clinical manifestations of HIV-infection requires the expansion of neurological patients whom serum test for antibodies against HIV is needed.

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Neurological complications in primary hypothyroidism and possibility of their correction

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №2 Pages: 560-563
Heading: Neurology Article type:
Authors: Sholomov I.I., Lutoshkina E.B., Gerasimov S.V., Salina E.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Regional Hospital
Summary:

Aim of the study. The authors assessed the state of the nervous system in patients with primary hypothyroidism before and after the treatment. Materials and methods. In 115 patients studied in detail the neurological and neuro-psychological status, to assess the status of the peripheral nervous system was performed electroneuromyography. Results. These results indicate that obligate the defeat of the nervous system in primary hypothyroidism, for the correction of which can be successfully used by neurotrophic agents. Conclusion. The study assessed the condition of the nervous system in patients with primary hypothyroidism before and after the treatment. The goal set at the beginning of the study, has been achieved.

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Clinical and neuroimaging features vertebral radiculopathy in the combination with vertebral hemangiomas

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №2 Pages: 521-524
Heading: Neurology Article type:
Authors: Salina E.A., Licacheva E.B., Lutoshkina E.B., Sholomov I.I., Shuldyakov А.А. Shchukovskiy N.V., Lyubitskiy I.P., Che-honatskaya M.L., Chekhonatsky A.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Aim of the study: to study the clinical and neuroimaging features of radiculopathy vertebral hemangiomas in conjunction with the vertebrae. Materials and methods. A total of 56 patients with radiculopathy vertebral hemangiomas combined with the vertebrae. Results. The patients in addition to pain, and focal neurological symptoms were observed violation of urination, and chronic venous insuffciency of lower extremities. MRI identifed three types of vertebral hem-angiomas, depending on the structural characteristics. Conclusion. The aim of the study is realized.Most hemangiomas are asymptomatic yourself. Pain and neurological symptoms caused by musculo-tonic component, the presence of disc herniation, changes in the intervertebral joints, ligaments violation. Type III meets the criteria for hemangiomas and requires aggressive surgical treatment.

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Application NO TGCH-therapy in complex treatment of postoperative lumbar localization radiculopathy

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №4 Pages: 884-887
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Fomina A.V., Ablyaev l.l., Lyubitsky l.P., Bugaeva I.О., Sholomov l.l., Salina E.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Clinical Hospital №3
Summary:

This paper presents the results of a survey of 50 patients to study the application of terahertz therapy of NO in the complex treatment of postoperative lumbar radiculopathy localization. Materials and methods. Using a visual analogue scale assessed the degree of regression of pain, depending on the nature of the therapy. For the diagnosis of intra-articular inflammation in the postoperative motor segment and a local mikrovaskulita determined the level of antibodies in the serum of patients to collagen and myeloperoxidase. The results suggest shortening pain and reducing the content of antibodies to MPO and collagen in patients receiving short-wave therapy. Therefore, we conclude that the use of NO therapy TGCH improves the treatment of postoperative lumbar radiculopathy localization

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Structural and clinikal displays of discogenic radiculopathy in combination with haemangioma of spine

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №4 Pages: 803-806
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Fomina AM, Bugaeva I.O., Salina E.A., Sholomov I.I.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The work presents the examination results of 104 patients with the symptoms of lumbosacral compressive radiculopathy. The intensity of pain syndrome at rest, in physical exertion and at night was assessed by visual analogue and verbal assessment scales. Magnetic resonance tomography was used to examine the condition of vertebral bodies, degenerative changes of invertebral discs and the size and location of invertebral disc extrusion. The results of the study has led to the conclusion that disc syndrome in combination with spinal hemangioma is accompanied in most cases by lower limb chronic venous insufficiency, urination disorders and has no direct influence on pain intensity

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