Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

stomach

Study of sympathetic trunk fibers nature for cause determination of increase of stomach contractions

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №2 Pages: 392-395
Heading: Physiology and Pathophysiology Article type: Original article
Authors: Smirnov V.М., Sveshnikov D.S., Kirich и к V.F., Myasnikov I. L, Kuchuk A.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Russian State Medical University
Summary:

The investigation has revealed that stimulation of sympathetic nerve in the thoracic cavity in dogs provides no inhibition but increase in stomach contractions in most cases. This effect is raised with the blockage of a-and (3-adrenergic receptors and it is removed by blockage of 5-HT12-receptors. It has been stated that there are serotonergic fibers that increase stomach contractility

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Cytological evaluation and prediction of progression of acute erosive ulcered lesions of upper parts of gastrointestinal tract in acute and early periods of cerebrospinal trauma

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №3 Pages: 701-703
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Norkin I.A., Ulyanov V.Yu., Konyuchenko E.A.
Organization: Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics
Summary:

80 cytological preparations derived by fibrogastroduodenoscopy from 20 patients with cerebrospinal trauma at cervical part level served as the research subject. Dynamics of the progression of acute erosive ulcered lesions of mucous membrane of the upper parts of the gastrointestinal tract was studied on the basis of the cytological analyses of mucous membrane biopsy materials. In the course of our work we used endoscopic (fibrogastroduodenoscopy) and cytological research methods. Cytological analyses of mucous membrane biopsy materials were carried out on the 7th, 14th, 21st and 28th day. Biopsy material cellular composition was evaluated on the grounds of the calculation of neutrophilic leukocytes and epithelial cells with the use of an immersion objective. In so doing we registered neutrophilic leukocyte number for 100 cells and determined neutrophilic and epithelial index. Monitoring of neutrophilic leukocyte number enables to determine presence or absence of inflammatory changes in stomach mucous membrane and duodenum in different periods of cerebrospinal trauma

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