Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Stomatology

Risk factors of development of inflammatory diseases of parodentium in pregnant women

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №3 Pages: 383-386
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Original article
Authors: Dubrovskaya M.V., Eremin O.V., Savina Е.А., Ivashchenko Y.Y., Minasyn A.M.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Pathogenesis of oral hygiene, smoking, gestosis, immunosuppression and cytokine disbalance affect inflammatory periodontal diseases in pregnant women. The research goal is to study clinical and immunological features of parodentium and cytokine profile in oral cavity of pregnant women. Material and methods: The condition of parodentium tissues was studied at 240 women with physiological pregnancy and 360 with pregnancy complicadet by gestosis. Re-sults: Freguency and character of inflammatory periodontal diseases in pregnancy were defined. Immune and cytokine disbalance contributed greatly to pathogenesis of inflammatory periodontal diseases at pregnant women. Conclusion: Violations of immune homeostasis at the pregnancy, complicated gestosis, authentically are more expressed that contributes to the development of gingivitis and periodontal disease. The imbalance of cytokines can serve in oral liquid as additional diagnostic and predictive marker of severity of a course of inflammatory periodontal disease.

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Algorithm for detecting correlations between tooth size and dental arch parameters

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №3 Pages: 380-383
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Original article
Authors: Dmitrienko S.V., Ivanova О.P., Dmitrienko D.S., Jaradajkina М.N., Soykher М.G.
Organization: Volgograd State Medical University
Summary:

The objective of the study is to develop an algorithm for determining the correlation between tooth size, dental arch parameters and the craniofacial complex. Material and methods. 178 patients with physiological occlusion of permanent teeth and neutral type of jaw growth were examined to determine the correlation between tooth size, dental arch parameters and craniofacial complex. Correlation between tooth size and dental arch parameters was determined based on the relationship of the major dental arch parameters and the size of 12 teeth including first molars, premo-lars, canines and incisors, as well as the width of the face between zygomatic points and the distance between lateral surfaces of the wings of the nose. Results. The algorithm is based on the dentofacial index (D. F. I.), calculated as the percentage ratio of the sum of four incisors to facial width. Conclusions. In patients with mesodontism and physiologic occlusion of permanent teeth the dentofacial indexwas23.5%±1.5%. An increase in the dentofacial index up to 25.1% was indicative of individual macrodontia of four upper anterior teeth. The value below 21.9% indicated individual micro-dontia of four upper anterior teeth. The correlation between individual teeth of different types and compared the size of teeth in certain segments and dental arch parameters has been evaluated.

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Methods of registration of dental pathology risk by using fixed orthodontic apparatus

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №3 Pages: 375-379
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Review
Authors: Gritsenko Е.А., Suetenkov D.Ye., Firsova I.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article presents the literature review of modern methods of diagnosis of oral diseases in the application of nonremovable orthodontic apparatus.

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Experience of application of ascorbate chitosan in the treatment of periodontal disease

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №3 Pages: 372-375
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Original article
Authors: Bulkina N.V., Vedyaeva А.P., Tokmakova E.V., Popkova. O.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Aim. To study the clinical anti-inflammatory effect of gel form 8% ascorbate chitozan in treatment of inflammatory periodontal disease. Material and methods. The study included 30 patients: 10 patients with chronic catarrhal gingivitis, 10 patients with chronic generalized periodontitis mild and 10 moderate. Criteria for inclusion of patients in the study: age between 18 and 45 years old, reliable diagnosis, informed consent of the patient. Case history of the disease duration from one to five years. The state of periodontal tissue was evaluated clinically and radiographically by intraoral radiography. According to treatment methods patients were divided into groups: group 1 underwent traditional treatment, group 2 was treated with the use of applications of 8% of ascorbate chitosan on the area of papillae and marginal gingiva with the capture of 1-2 cm of the mucous membrane of the alveolar process. The duration of treatment was 15 minutes daily for 10 days. Results. The patterns suggest that the therapeutic effect of ascorbate chitazan caused prolonged sanation of periodontal pockets due to the antibacterial activity of chitazan. Conclusion. The data show that regeneration in patients who have a combined treatment included ascorbate chitosan has been more rapid and complete than similar processes in periodontal patients treated in a traditional way.

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Effect of endocrine pathology on the development and the course of oral diseases

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №3 Pages: 366-369
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Review
Authors: Babajanyan S.G., Kazakova L.N.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

All systems of the human body are closely interconnected among themselves. The endocrine system directly influences formation, development and functioning of oral system. There is a close interrelation of endocrine disturbances with oral diseases. Clinical signs of dysfunction of glands of internal secretion firstly appear in the oral cavity. The knowledge of clinical symptoms, features of the course of diseases of internal secretion in the oral cavity will allow to diagnose and therefore, to prevent development of many complications: generalized periodontal disease, caries, osteoporosis of bone tissue and other diseases influencing quality of the oral system.

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Assessment of changes in clinical and biochemical indicators of saliva at caries according to monitoring

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №3 Pages: 361-363
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Original article
Authors: Albitskaya J.N., Bulkina N.V., Vulakh N.A., Kropotina A.Yu., Polosukhina E.N., Guseva O.Yu., Parfyonova S.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The research goal was to determine the variability in the salivary characteristics, depending on the season, identifying the most important indicators of the salivary characteristics at different degrees of intensity of caries process and the establishment of a correlation between these indicators. Structural characteristics of salivary pools of the students of stomatological faculty have been invented. Object of research. The salivary pools were collected at 8-9 a.m. within 1-1.5 hours after tooth cleaning. The investigation of oral cavity and the biochemical rates were marked twice: in autumn and spring. Results. The tests show, that biochemical characteristics of saliva depend on the caries involvement. It was detected, that caries involvement depends on the region, food characteristics and oral hygiene. It was proved, that saliva has buffers characteristics. Conclusion. These results can be used for explaining the molecular mechanisms of homeostasis disorders in the oral cavity and evaluating the efficiency of preventive and therapeutic measures at early stages of caries.

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University stomatology in Saratov: results and prospects

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №3 Pages: 357-360
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Short message
Authors: Popkov V.M., Protopopov A.A., Lepilin A.V., Bulkina N.V., Konnov V.V., Eremin O.V., Krechetov S.A., Suetenkov D.Ye.
Organization:
Summary:

The article concerns the main points of the organization and development of Stomatologic faculty. It was organized in 1988. Scientific stomatologic school in Saratov Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky has been formed by the period of 25 years. A number of professionals in the sphere of scientific and practicing stomatology have been prepared.

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Structural features of facial skull and maxillary sinuses as predictors of complications in endodontic treatment of teeth of upper jaw

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №3 Pages: 813-816
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Short message
Authors: Lepilin A.M., Mareev O.V., Kovalenko I.P., Mareev G.O.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Endodontic treatment is considered to be one of the most common procedures in modern dentistry, which also leads to increase of the complications. Objective: to establish the anthropometric characteristics of the structure of the facial skull and maxillary sinus, determining the development of complications of the endodontic treatment of upper jaw. Materials and methods. Measurements have been performed on 105 three-dimensional CT scan of the head, 75 have been in the control group, 30 cases have got foreign bodies of the maxillary sinuses on the CT. Results. We have established the correlation between obtained anthropometrical parameters such as height and width of the face with the type of maxillary sinus pneumatization, also we have studied the critical thickness of the bone plate over the tooth root, which is the main predisposing factor in the development of complications. Conclusion. It is possible to form risk groups according to the type of the structure of the front-skeleton, for additional studies of further endodontic interventions that may reduce their frequency.

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Cytogenetic effects of orthopedic constructions

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №2 Pages: 300-304
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Original article
Authors: Polukhina N.V., Durnova N.A., Konnov V.V., Salnikov V.N., Salnikova S.N., Scheremetjeva A.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Chief Research Assistant
Summary:

Research objective: To estimate cytogenetic effect of dentures on the condition of buccal epithelium by means of the micronuclear test. Materials and methods: For this test the most convenient object of the research is nonkeratinized stratified epithelium which has been taken from 24 patients before prosthetics. Statistical data processing has been done by means of a package of statistical programs «Stadia». Results: The increase in frequency of occurrence of cells with micronuclei in buccal epithelium in patients after the prosthetics that testifies to stability disturbance of genetic material in the studied cells. Influence of fillings and dentures has been revealed. Conclusion: It allows to apply safe materials in stomatology, having reduced their side effects on an organism as a whole

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Prosthetic stomatitis with removable dentures

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №2 Pages: 297-299
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Original article
Authors: Googe L.A., Rozalieva Yu.Yu.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The Research Objective: To study patients with prosthetic stomatitis, who use the removable laminar dentures. Materials: The consultations and treatment of 79 patients aged 47-65 years have been conducted. The patients have been divided into two clinical groups. The first clinical group (39 persons) with the performance of immediate prosthet-ics; the second control clinical group (40 persons) — the permanent dentures were produced without the preliminary instruction. Results: All the patients, having the laminar dentures without the preliminary use of immediate constructions of dentures, in spite of repeated correction of them, have had changes of dentures and transitory fold. Patients have been exposed to prosthetic stomatitis of different etiology (without trauma); the single-shot or multiple correction of dentures by the method of rebasing with using of cold cure plastics has been made. Conclusion: Structural and functional changes of dentition during the prosthetic stomatitis lead to disorders, associated by the mucositis. Use of the term of «prosthetic stomatitis» reflects etiological and pathogenetic component of changes in the denture-supporting tissues

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