Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Balashova M.E.

Saratov State Medical University, Department of Polyclinic Therapy, Assistant, Candidate of Medical Science

Assessment of behavioral risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases among medical students

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №2 Pages: 342-347
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Balashova М.Е., Shemetova G.N., Gubanova G.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Aim: assessment of risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases in medical students to improve measures for the formation of a healthy lifestyle. Material and Methods. In order to identify risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases, a questionnaire method was used. A survey included 80 frst- year students and 80 sixth-year students of medical school. The questionnaire included information about the sex, age, smoking and alcohol consumption, physical activity, and nutrition. Results. Respondents are characterized by a high frequency of risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases (СNCD): low physical activity (60.0 %), poor diet (81.0 %), smoking (16.2 %). The combination of risk factors for the development of СNCD was revealed in 31.8 % of students. Conclusion. The high frequency of risk factors for CNS among students indicates the need to improve measures to increase the efectiveness of prevention, therapeutic measures and the formation of a healthy lifestyle.

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Assessment of health care quality among penitentiary employees with hypertension in the Saratov region

Summary:

The aim of the study is to assess the quality of health care among penitentiary employees with hypertension in the Saratov region from 2003 to 2013. Material and Methods. The data from 62 employees with hypertension (43 men and 19 women) who followed up in the dispensary of Branch of Center of Medical and Social Rehabilitation of Medical Unit no.64 of Russian Federal Penitentiary Service in 2013 were evaluated. We analyzed retrospectively the quality of health care in every calendar year from 2003 to 2013 according to the following categories: control of blood pressure (BP), control of physical activity, control of smoking, control of weight, control of diet, control of cholesterol. To assess the quality of care we used clinical indicators implemented in the Federal Hypertension Register. Results. During the overall period (2003-2013) counseling on physical activity, smoking, weight and eating was optimal. However, only physical activity was controlled effectively in patients. The measures on control of BP and cholesterol needed improvement. Conclusion. Despite relatively good quality of the majority of health care measures among hypertensive patients in the Center of Medical and Social Rehabilitation, the effectiveness of these measures has been found out to be insufficient. It may be due to poor patients' adherence to recommendations.

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Modern innovative pedagogical technologies in training primary care physicians

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №1 Pages: 165-168
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Shlyakhova G.N., Balashova М.Е., Shemetova G.N., Krasnikova N.V., Ryaboshapko A.I., Ryzhkova L.K., Ilyasova T.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Training primary care physicians and general practitioners/family doctors is performed at different departments of Saratov State Medical University: Ambulatory Care, Polyclinic Therapy and Family Medicine. Since the foundation of department of Polyclinic Therapy, traditional training in polyclinic therapy has been carried out in different directions: outpatient therapy for the general practitioners/family doctors, for the 6th-year students of the Therapeutic faculty, for the 4th-year students of the Medico-prophylactic faculty, and for the 4th-year students of faculty of higher nursing professional education. In the recent years, the educational system is being reformed, so it has led to some changes in all fields of education in general. Innovative technologies, such as multimedia lectures, seminars, discussions, round tables, self-study with the use of different information resources, making out presentations of clinical cases, making reports and discussions in groups, carrying out mini-conferences, role model and business games for the primary care physicians, are introduced to the modern educational process. Therefore it is of high priority to use not only traditional education in the training of a general practitioner, but innovative technologies as well, which can guarantee high level of education and professional development

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DEVELOPMENTAL EXPERIENCE OF GENERAL MEDICAL PRACTICE IN CONDITIONS OF MUNICIPAL HEALTH SERVICE

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №1 Pages: 87-89
Heading: Family Medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: G.N. Shemetova, M.E. Balashova, A.S. Ulyanova
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The research results of volume and character of out-patient aid are presented in the article. The aid has been rendered to urban population in conditions of the Centre of General Medical Practice at Saratov Polyclinic №16. The information given in the article can be useful for the organization of the similar centre in other regions of the country.

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