Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Original article

Dynamics of prevalence of diseases of the digestive system among the population of different age groups in conditions of social stress

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 345-348
Heading: Gerontology and geriatrics Article type: Original article
Authors: Tyultyaeva LA, Denisova TP, Lipatova TE, Kovalev EP.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky Research Institute of Cardiology
Summary:

Objective: to analyze the prevalence of digestive diseases during social stress among the population of different age groups (young, mature, elderly / old). Material and Methods. We studied data from the official statistical reports of the health Committee of the city of Saratov and the logs of incoming and departures / deaths of patients in the surgical and gastroenterology clinics of the city for 1990-2006. Social stress was considered as a factor in the breeding population system from the equilibrium state. Linear regression analysis, odds ratio, and analysis of the speed characteristics of the dynamics of the studied parameters in time were applied. The number of time moments when the sign of the rate of change in the prevalence of the studied parameters changed to the opposite was estimated. Results. The change in the sign of the rate of prevalence of acute pathology of the digestive system was most often observed during the period of maximum severity of social stress, which emphasizes the importance of the social component in the emergence and development of digestive pathology. The increase in the prevalence of diseases of the digestive system in all age groups was revealed. The increase in the prevalence of individual nosological forms, as well as the greatest number of times when the sign of the rate of prevalence of the pathology changed to the opposite, were most often registered among the population of young and elderly / senile age. The population of the mature age was characterized by greater stability of the studied parameters, that is, higher resistance to social stress. Conclusion. The prevalence of diseases of the digestive system during the period of social stress varied among the population of different age groups asynchronously: the most significant changes in the studied parameters were observed among the population of two extreme age groups: young and elderly / old people. These groups of people need closer attention of the doctor than patients of mature age, because they have a higher risk of developing diseases of the digestive system.

Keywords: age
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A method of improving clinical work with patients with peptic ulcer of stomach and duodenum

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 334-337
Heading: Gerontology and geriatrics Article type: Original article
Authors: Lipatova T.E., Tyultyaeva L.A., Nazarov M.M., Semenov S.V.
Organization: Saratov Regional Hospital for Veterans of Wars
Summary:

Objective: identification of risk groups for development of complications of ulcerous disease of stomach and duodenum.Material and Methods. We used data from the official statistical reports of the health Committee of the city of Saratov and the logs of incoming and departures/deaths of patients in the surgical and gastroenterology clinics of the city (1976-2006). The parameters of the prevalence of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer and its complications in the population of different age groups are analyzed. Linear regression analysis, odds ratio, and analysis of the speed characteristics of the dynamics of the studied parameters in time (mean, minimum, maximum speed, range of the dynamics of the studied parameters, the number of changes in the sign of the speed of change in the prevalence of the studied parameters) were applied. Results. It was found that the probability of complications of the disease is higher among those age groups, which are characterized by a frequent change in the sign of the rate of change in the prevalence of the pathology. The necessity of age accounting in stratification of the risk of complications of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer and the multiplicity of medical observation of persons of different ages with this pathology, taking into account the analytical parameters of the disease. Conclusion. The scheme of determining the multiplicity of dispensary examinations of patients with gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer is proposed.

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Comparative "portrait" of a hospital patient in Saratov Regional Hospital for Veterans of Wars in 2005 and 2017

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 349-351
Heading: Gerontology and geriatrics Article type: Original article
Authors: Tyultyaeva L.A., Lipatova Т.Е., Bulychev S.V., Kovalev Е.Р., Alipova L.N.
Organization: Saratov Regional Hospital for Veterans of Wars, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to analyze the number of patients, patients' opinions about the work of the medical institution in 2005 and 2017. Material and Methods. The data of the survey of patients of the Saratov Regional Hospital for Veterans of Wars in 2005 and 2017 are analyzed. Results. From 2005 to 2017, there was a change in the sex (decrease in the proportion of hospitalized men) and age (increase in the proportion of hospitalized patients over the age of 60 years) composition of hospital patients. The increase of the general educational level of patients, the increase of the share of patients who are in this hospital not for the first time is revealed. The share of patients satisfied with medical work and work of the power supply unit in this hospital has increased. The preference of paternalistic style of interaction between a doctor and a patient, typical for both patients in 2005 and patients in 2017, was revealed. Conclusion. Despite the increase in the educational level of patients and the increase in satisfaction with the work of the hospital, patients of this medical institution prefer a paternalistic style of interaction with the doctor.

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Erythrocyte system in elderly: ageing aspects

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 341-345
Heading: Gerontology and geriatrics Article type: Original article
Authors: Malinova L.I., Denisova Т.Р., Lipatova Т.Е., Khvostikova D.E., Yegorova A.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The purpose of the study was an assessment of erythrocyte system age-dependent characteristics in elderly population dwelling in the same territory during the time period equal to the average life span in the region. Material and Methods. We perform the compare of hematological parameters of 800 patients with hypertension and coronary heart disease hospitalized during 25-years period. Results. In senile patients, red blood cells and hemoglobin levels signifi- cantly decrease, but platelet characteristics remain intact. Revealed differenced are similar during all 25-year period of observation. Conclusion. Over the past 25 years, the trend of age-related decline in the number of red blood cells and hemoglobin has been preserved. The average hemoglobin content in erythrocyte (MCH) during the aging process tends to decrease, which has become statistically significant in recent years. The principal difference of the obtained data from the results of obtained 25 years ago is the absence of an age-related increase in the volume of erythrocytes and a higher level of the average concentration of hemoglobin in the erythrocyte.

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The structure of the "acute abdomen" in a period of social stress in a large industrial center

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 338-341
Heading: Gerontology and geriatrics Article type: Original article
Authors: Lipatova Т.Е., Tyultyaeva L.A., Semenov S.V., Kovalev Е.Р.
Organization: Saratov Regional Hospital for Veterans of Wars, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: to analyze the prevalence of acute abdominal pathology in the period of social stress. Material and Methods. The data of official statistical reports of the Saratov city health Committee and the logs of patients admitted and discharged / deceased in the surgical clinics of the city were studied. The prevalence of acute appendicitis, acute cholecystitis, acute pancreatitis, acute intestinal obstruction, gastrointestinal bleeding, perforation of ulcers during 1990-2006 among the population of different age groups (young, mature, elderly /old) was investigated. The significance of differences between the groups was assessed using white's T-test. Results. A decrease in the prevalence of acute appendicitis, an increase in the prevalence of acute pancreatitis and gastrointestinal bleeding. Differences in the prevalence of acute abdominal diseases in patients of different age groups were found: an increase in the prevalence of acute pancreatitis mainly in the young population. There is a tendency to gradual Erasure of sexual differences in acute cholecystitis and acute pancreatitis in this period. Conclusion. The analyzed time interval was characterized by changes in the structure of the "acute abdomen", which may be associated with social changes in society during this period.

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Variability of linear parameters of frontal sinuses in adults

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 302-305
Heading: Human anatomy Article type: Original article
Authors: Mareev O.V., Aleshkina O.Yu., Mareev G.O., Kuchmin V.N., Afonina O.I., Kapustina N.Yu.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to identify the variability of frontal sinuses size patterns divided by sex and age in adults. Material and Methods. 83 X-ray computer tomograms of the head of adults without any signs of paranasal sinuses pathology and without traces of surgery on the external structures and internal nose in the history were studied. Results. It has been found the best pneumatized frontal bones in males; the rapid growth of the frontal sinuses occurs more in men in the 1st age group, whereas in women, the formation of the frontal sinus is smoother and more uniform during the whole life. Conclusion. Men have depth prevailing characteristics of frontal sinuses in the 1st age group and the width on the left side in the 2nd age group differing significantly in comparison to women group; height of the sinus in men decreases with age, whereas in women it does not change its value significantly; bilateral values for the parameters of the frontal sinus do not have reliable sex and age differences.

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Risks of sexual relations in representations of students

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 297-301
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Chernyshkova E.V., Zaviyalov A.l., Tupikin D.V., Denishev R.R., Uzhakhov A.M., Uzhakhov T.M., Andriyanova E.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

.The goal of the workwasto determine on the basis of sociological research the representation of medical students about the possible risks of sexual relations. Materials and methods. The survey of 659 students of medical and pediatric faculties of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky and Volgograd State Medical University. Results of the research demonstrate that the most significant risks of sexual relations considered by the students are sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancy. However, despite a high level of awareness of probability of their occurrence less than a half of the students always use necessary remedies to avoid these risks, this fact allows to refer students to a group with an increased risk of STI and unwanted pregnancy. It is determined that self-treatment practice in regard to STI is not wild-spread among medical students due to the presence of deeper knowledge about reproduc- tive health. Conclusion. The analysis of author's research data and the works devoted to the problem of sexual relations risks among youth allows to state the imbalance between students' knowledge of sexual contacts risks and their real behavioral practices, and a significant decrease in the level of preventive work. Medical students can be considered as a resource for optimizing this type of work with students of high schools, colleges and other universities.

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Analysis of resources of therapeutic institutions providing medical care to patients with diseases of the circulatory system

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 293-290
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Sazanova G.Yu., Shulpina N.Yu., Dolgova E.M., Tupikin D.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to conduct an analysis of the provision of beds and medical personnel of medical institutions in the region that render medical care to patients with circulatory disorders. Material and Methods. Calculation of the optimal volume of inpatient medical care, the required number of beds and staff units of cardiologists in the region was carried out in accordance with regulatory legal acts. Results. In medical organizations, an excessive number of round-the-clock beds on the "cardiology" profile (more for 186 beds) and insufficient number of cardiac beds in day hospitals (less than 40 beds) were deployed; the number of cardiologists working in cardiological rooms of polyclinic medical organizations, dispensaries for cardiology and daily hospitals has been identified. Conclusions: Redistribution in the region's medical organizations of the bed fund, material, and financial resources leads to the optimization of patients' referrals and promotes rational use of resources of health care, increasing the availability and improvement of quality of medical care to adult population of the region.

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Motivation of medical staff of dental organizations of various property types: data of sociological research

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 287-293
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Kaneva D.A., Breusov A.V.
Organization: Peoples' Friendship University of Russia
Summary:

The searching of effective methods of staff management is the most important task for healthcare managers. The purpose of the study: to assess the degree of work satisfaction of doctors and nursing staff of dental organizations of various forms of ownership and to analyze the factors that determine it. Material and Methods. The survey was conducted using a specially developed questionnaire, which included blocks describing the following parameters: satisfaction with various aspects of the work; factors affecting labor activity; rating characteristics of work; motives that determine professional interest; conditions that stimulate activity. Results. As a result of the study, differences were found in the satisfaction with the professional activity and working conditions of medical and nursing staff of dental organizations of various forms of ownership. Factors determining the motivation of the work of the personnel of the modern medical organization are revealed. This allowed for a differentiated approach to the development of measures to improve the diverse motivation of the staff. Conclusion. It was established that the main directions in improving the staff motivation system may be: material and non-material promotion; optimization of work organization; involving staff in the management of organization and making management decisions; improvement of professional skills of employees, fair distribution of remuneration and social services.

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Comparative hygienic assessment of working conditions and quality of life of urban and rural doctors

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 281-286
Heading: Hygiene Article type: Original article
Authors: Petrosyan А.А.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: assessment of the impact of labor peculiarities in urban and rural areas on the quality of life of doctors. Material and Methods. The study involved 198 doctors of various specialties from rural areas of the Saratov region and the city of Saratov. Sanitary hygienic examination of labor conditions and questionnaire SF-36 on quality of life assessment of health-care workers were conducted. Results. The objective hygienic characteristics of working conditions of city doctors of various specialties, and physicians working in rural areas are presented. It was found that doctors in rural areas are much more likely to combine work in the main and related specialties than urban ones: 31,6 and 15,6% respectively. It is important to note that the frequent combination of rural doctors in related professions also adversely affects the quality of their lives. Conclusion. The analysis of the results of the conducted research proves that when assessing the severity and intensity of the labor process of rural and urban health workers, it is necessary to take into account not only the working conditions but also the level of compatibility.

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