Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

COPD

Gender peculiarities of cardiovascular pathology in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №1 Pages: 28-33
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: Ryabova A.Yu., Kozlova I.V., Shapovalova T.G., Shashina M.M., Veselov V.V., Zemlyanskaya O.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Purpuse: to research the gender-specific features of cardiovascular disease in the group of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Material and Methods. We conducted a cross-sectional retrospective research of 419 patients hospitalized with exacerbation of COPD to the Pulmonology Department of Saratov Clinical Hospital №8 from 2015 to 2017 By the method of independent target sample, taking into account gender and multimorbidity 169 patients with COPD and cardiovascular disease were included into the research. Results. Relation between the nosological forms and the frequency of occurrence of cardiovascular pathology in the group of patients with COPD is gender- dependent. Gender features of heart remodeling in the group of patients with COPD and cardiovascular pathology are revealed. Women have more therapy adherence. Conclusion. The data that we obtained indicate the characteristics of the formation and course of the cardiovascular pathology in patients with COPD gender-dependent. Research of the features determines the optimal tactics of treatment, improves the prognosis and quality of life of co-morbid patients.

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Soluble forms of leukocyte differentiation antigens in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and their relation with pulmonary ventilation disorders

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №4 Pages: 530-533
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: Makarova Е.М., Plastinina S.S., Lyubavina N.A., Varvarina G.N., Tyurikova L.V., Saltsev S.G.
Organization: N. Novgorod State Medical Academy
Summary:

Objective: to study the characteristics of soluble forms of leukocyte membrane molecules and their relationship with disease progression in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Materials and Methods. The study involved 50 patients with COPD. All the patients underwent physical examination, spirometry; serum concentration of antigens sCD54, sCD50, sCD38, sCD25, sCD8, sCD95, sHLA I, sHLA-DR was assessed by ELISA, and the results were compared with serum samples of 30 healthy donors. Results. The level of all soluble forms of membrane molecules of leukocytes decreased in patients with severe COPD. We have found the increased content of the differentiation molecules in patients with moderate COPD, indicating the activation of immune cells during the immune response. Conclusion. There was a correlation between the soluble forms of membrane molecules and impaired pulmonary ventilation, which confirmed the role of immune cells in the pathogenesis of COPD.

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Relationship of daily arterial blood pressure monitoring readings and arterial stiffness profile in male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease combined with arterial hypertension

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №2 Pages: 247-252
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: Karoli N.A., Dolishnyaya G.R., Borodkin A.M., Rebrov A.P.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim of the study was to determine correlation between arterial blood pressure daily rhythm and daily profile of arterial stiffness in male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and arterial hypertension. Materials et methods: Prospective investigation comprised 45 male patients with COPD and arterial hypertension. Individuals of 40 years younger and 80 years elder, patients with diabetes, stroke, angina pectoris, or heart infarction, vascular diseases, and exacerbation of chronic disease, bronchial and pulmonary diseases of other etiology were excluded from the analyses. Comparison group included 47 patients with essential arterial hypertension and without chronic respiratory diseases closely similar on general parameters with patients from main clinical series. Twenty-four-hour arterial blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) and daily arterial stiffness monitoring were performed using BPLab® MnSDP-2 apparatus (Petr Telegin, Russian Federation). Results: Patients with COPD combined with arterial hypertension with raised arterial stiffness measures prevail over individuals in essential hypertension group. There is pathological alteration of the ABPM circadian rhythm and raised «Pressure load» values in raised arterial stiffness group. Conclusion: We found ABPM raised parameters in patients with COPD and arterial hypertension. It confirms necessity of ABPM in daily arterial stiffness assessment in patients with COPD.

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Features of The Heart Remodeling in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases, Combined with Coronary Heart Diseases

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №3 Pages: 352-355
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: T.G. Shapovalova, N.V.Shelobanova, M.V. Volkova, A.Yu. Ryabova, L.I. Lekareva
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The characteristics of heart remodeling in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases ( COPD), associated with coronary heart diseases (CHD) were examined. The changes of structural and functional state of myocardium, intracardiac relationships with associated pathology were under study. The role of blood inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-8, TNF-a) and the level of cell adhesion molecules (ICAM-1, VCAM-1) in exacerbating myocardial dysfunction was clarified.

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24-HOUR BLOOD PRESSURE MONITORING IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №1 Pages: 64-67
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: N.A. Karoli, V.A. Sergeyeva
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

At present there’s no united opinion about existence of pathogenetic relationship between systemic hypertension and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). 24-hour blood pressure monitoring is valuable diagnostic method revealing individual characteristics of daily blood pressure profile in patients with COPD, which determine high risks of damage in target organs.

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