Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

mortality

Effect of the acute postoperative pancreatitis at the postoperative period in the abdominal surgery

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №4 Pages: 957-962
Heading: Surgery Article type: Original article
Authors: Kotenko К.V., Voskanyan S.Е., Korsakov I.N., Naydenov E.V.
Organization: State Scientific Research Center n.a. A.I. Burnasyan — Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency
Summary:

The study aims the influence of development of the acute postoperative pancreatitis at the early postoperative period; determine its influence at the frequency and spectrum of complications after abdominal surgery. Material and methods. The work is based on the results of the complex examination and surgical treatment of 1934 patients with various disorders of the digestive system (complicated duodenal ulcer and gastric ulcer, gastric cancer, the proximal and distal pancreatic cancer, colon cancer and postgastrectomy syndromes). The dependence of the overall incidence of postoperative complications, the number of complications per patient, and the number of infectious and inflammatory complications per patient, hospital mortality and length of postoperative hospital days for the development of acute postoperative pancreatitis were studied. Results. Acute postoperative pancreatitis is a leading cause of morbidity postoperative intra-abdominal operations. 97,8% of the cases of complicated early postoperative period of the operations on the organs of the abdominal cavity caused by the development of acute postoperative pancreatitis. Specific complications for the acute postoperative pancreatitis (satellite complications) were identified. Satellite complication had a clearly defined correlation with the development of the acute postoperative pancreatitis. The negative effect of acute postoperative pancreatitis on the severity of the postoperative period, on the morbidity, on the number of complications per patient, on the number of the infectious and inflammatory complications per patient, hospital mortality and on the duration of the postoperative hospital stay were found.

AttachmentSize
2013_04-01_957-962.pdf720.45 KB

Parkinson's disease: the reliability of morbidity and mortality statistics in the Russian Federation

Summary:

The aim of the research was to study the significance of morbidity of Parkinson's disease (PD) and mortality in Russian Federation in international comparisons. Material and Methods: In accordance with the purpose of the study the morbidity and mortality were analyzed in the Russian Federation on the basis of volumes "Morbidity in Russia" of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation in 2009-2012, "Human resources for health care institutions" of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation in 2012, tables С 51 about the mortality of subjects of the Russian Federation in 2012, data of mortality from Parkinson's disease in different countries in 2011, published by WHO. Results. The analysis of data on the morbidity patterns showed that in the Russian Federation in 2009-2012 there was an increase in general morbidity of adult patients with PD from 75.1 to 87.7 per thousand of populations. The data of primary morbidity in the adult population of the Russian Federation from PD also tend to increase from 8.0 to 8.5 per thousand of populations. The sharp fluctuations of mortality's data were revealed in subject of Russian Federation that was related of unreliable data. Mortality from PD in Russian Federation in 2012 was 0.31 per thousand of populations. Conclusion. The values in the study of general and primary PD's morbidity in the Russian Federation were lower than performance in international comparisons. PD's mortality in Russia was also lower than in other developed countries. Abidance by rules of selecting the primary cause of death (PCOD), confirmed by an automated system, where one of the causes is PD will make mortality statistics of PD reliable and internationally comparable.

AttachmentSize
2013_04-01_863-866.pdf281.83 KB

Analysis of Cancer Morbidity in Nizhny Novgorod Region for the Period of 10 years and Necessity for Palliative Care Development

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №1 Pages: 9-12
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Review
Authors: Vvedenskaya E.S., Kobzeva L.F.
Organization: Nizhny Novgorod Center for AIDS Prophylaxis and Control
Summary:

The purpose of the article is to present the main indicators of cancer morbidity and mortality in Nizhny Novgorod region in comparison with those in Russia in dynamics for the period of 10 years. The survey outlines the necessity of regional palliative care development. It has been revealed that the organization of specialized palliative care centers on the basis of Oncological Dispensaries, In-patient Departments, Regional Polyclinics and Medical Prophylactic Institutions is of great importance.

AttachmentSize
2013-01_009-012.pdf550.25 KB

Cardiological pathology in structure of mortality in emergency hospital

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №2 Pages: 279-282
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Yu.S. Korneva, D.V. Kozlov.
Organization: Smolensk State Medical Academy, Smolensk Regional Institute of Pathology
Summary:

In the article the correspondence between the structure of clinical and pathologic diagnoses was analyzed. Adequacy of underlying disease and adequacy of complication in clinical and pathologic diagnoses was also analyzed. While performing analyses, specific characters of making diagnoses in therapeutic, surgical departments and reception rooms were studied. Summing the received data, special attention was paid to cardiological diseases as nosologies which take the leading place in mortality rate

AttachmentSize
201002_279_282.pdf331.51 KB

Epidemiology Of Alcoholic Liver Disease

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №4 Pages: 564-568
Heading: Reviews Article type: Review
Authors: С.П. Сернов, В.Б. Лифшиц, В.Т. Субботина, Н.Ю. Папшицкая, А.Г. Мартынова, К.Г. Аредаков В.И. Шульгин
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Psychiatric Hospital
Summary:

One of the main factors of chronic liver disease is alcohol. The level of alcoholic liver disease incidence and cirrhosis mortality has increased considerably in the recent years in many countries. The risk of development and disease progression are determined by the effect of endogenous and exogenous factors: "drinking mode", female gender, heredity and genetic predisposition, obesity, concomitant viral hepatitis

AttachmentSize
200904_564_568.pdf289.3 KB