Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Kalashnikova V.V.

Samara State Medical University, Associate Professor of Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Associate Professor, PhD

Rehabilitation potential of patients with myasthenia gravis

Year: 2020, volume 16 Issue: №1 Pages: 371-377
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Romanova T.V., Kalashnikova V.V., Romanov D.V.
Organization: Samara State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to identify individual psychological characteristics that determine the rehabilitation potential of patients with myasthenia gravis. Material and Methods. A homogeneous group of patients was included in the examination in order to level the effect of the severity of the condition on the results obtained. We examined 25 patients with a generalized form of myasthenia gravis who were in a stable compensated state. The methodology "Rehabilitation Potential of Personality" was used. Quality of life was investigated using the SF-36 questionnaire. Results. Patients were divided into two subgroups according to their subjective assessment of quality of life. First subgroup consisted of patients with low values of the psychological component of quality of life (15 people); second subgroup consisted of patients with indicators on this scale similar to control group (10 people). Main indicators of "Rehabilitation Potential of Personality" questionnaire were compared in two subgroups and a correlation analysis of parameters of SF-36 questionnaire and indicators of rehabilitation potential was carried out. Conclusion. The psychological component of quality of life of patients with myasthenia is most dependent on internal picture of disease and emotional state. By providing targeted psychocorrectional effects, it is possible to increase patient's rehabilitation potential.

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