Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

organ transplantation

Evolution of the study of organ donation problems: from religious canons to sociological analysis (review)

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №4 Pages: 931-933
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Review
Authors: Petrov G.S., Krom I.L., Yerugina M.V., Kovalenko E.M.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The review was based on the materials of 21 titles of scientific works in information systems databases PubMed and electronic library. The process of evolution of the analysis of problems related on transplantation of human organs is carried out from a religious basis to an ethical and legal, and later on, sociological. According to the authors, the leading role in global understanding of the organ donation problems in world science belongs to sociology and its directions. In this regard, the involvement of sociologists to participate in the promotion of posthumous donation in Russia should be an important step towards the creation of a national organ transplantation programs.

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Comparative analysis of the attitude of doctors and representatives of social groups without medical education to the problems of organ transplantation

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №4 Pages: 916-920
Heading: public health Article type: Original article
Authors: Romanov S.V.
Organization: Volga District Medical Center of FMBA
Summary:

Purpose: on the basis of the comparative analysis to reveal features of the relation to problems of transplantation and organ donation among doctors and persons without medical education. Material and Methods. The study was conducted on the basis of questionnaires from 266 doctors of donor bases, 420 students and 250 patients of the hospital. The author's questionnaire contained two groups of questions: the awareness of participants about the possibilities of transplantology and the legal component of organ donation. Results. The only difference between doctors and respondents without a medical education was a higher awareness of donor base employees in legal issues related to post-mortem organ donation in Russia (p <0.05). There were no differences between the examined groups in their readiness to support organ transplantation to relatives and to consent to the posthumous organ donation (pva|ue>0.05). Conclusion. Thus, the results of the comparative analysis of the attitude to the problems of transplantation and organ donation among doctors and persons without medical education with a naturally higher level of awareness of doctors did not reveal statistically significant features in the aspect of personal support for these programs. This indicates the need forthe medical community to develop an understanding of the importance of their professional participation in the development of organ transplantation programs to save the lives of the patients.

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