Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

visual disorders

Epidemiological characteristics of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in the Central Black Earth region

Summary:

Aim: to estimate the frequency of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment among the population of the Central Black Earth region. Material and Methods. A retrospective study on the study of patients with myopia, who turned to the rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) in "S. Fedorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution" in the period from 2006 to 2017 The epidemiological characteristics of patients who have applied to the RRF from five regions of the Central Black Earth Region (Belgorod, Voronezh, Kursk, Lipetsk, Tambov) are presented. Results. There is an annual increase in the number of patients with myopia complicated by RRD. The highest number of cases of myopia complicated by RRD was recorded in the age group of 50-59 years and 60 years and older, the smallest — in the age group 0-19 years. The female population suffers from a myopia complicated by the RRD equally with the male, but in the age groups 20-29 years, 30-39 years, men suffer more often, in the age groups 50-59 years, 60 years and older, women suffer more often. Among the patients from the Voronezh region, the largest number of cases of RRD was registered in the age group of 50-59 years, among patients from Tambov, Lipetsk and Kursk regions — in the age category of 60 years and older, from Belgorod region — in the age category of 30-39 years. The majority is represented by pensioners (60.3%), working people — 20.8%, disabled people — 15.8%, others 3.1%. Conclusion. Among the population of the regions of the Central Black Earth region, there is an annual increase in the number of patients with RRD, while the number of such patients will only increase, which indicates the need to improve the organization of eye care to the public.

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