Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

dry eye syndrome

Eyesight condition in frst-year pupils

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №2 Pages: 563-565
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Original article
Authors: Chuprov A.D., Voronina A.E.
Organization: Orenburg branch of S. Fedorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution
Summary:

Purpose: to determine the characteristics of eyesight in frst-year pupils. Material and Methods. Parents were initially interviewed to establish the presence and severity of symptoms of dry eye syndrome in their children. The second stage involved ophthalmologic examination which included non-contact autorefractometry on Plusoptix A09 device and checking visual acuity with and without correction. Results. Autorefractometry revealed emmetropia in the majority of cases (79.16 %), myopia was identifed in 3.34 %, accommodation disturbance — in 11.25 %, hypermetropia — in 3.75 %, astigmatism — in 2.5 %. Visual acuity test in the majority of children revealed the maximum acuity, while visual acuity of less than 0.5 was detected in 5.4 % of frst-year pupils. A survey for symptoms of dry eye syndrome showed minimal manifestations in frst-year pupils from 0 points for the majority, up to 8 points. The most frequent complaint among the respondents was hypersensitivity to light (33.75 %) and frequent eye infammation (23.3 %). Watching TV was the most frequently reported visual workload. Conclusion. The majority of frst-year pupils (78.3 %) had high visual acuity of 1.0; 3.34 % of the children had myopia; 11.25 % had accommodation disturbance.

Correction of the dry eye syndrome of professional etiology using a complex of mitochondrial substrates and co-factors

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 799-804
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Original article
Authors: Anisimova S.G., Mazina N.K., Abramova T.V.
Organization: Kirov Regional Clinical Hospital, Kirov State Medical University
Summary:

Aim: to evaluate the effect of the drug Cytoflavin (CFL), containing mitochondrial substrates and co- factors, on tear production in arc welders, gas welders and office workers with dry eye syndrome (DES). Material and Methods. 124 patients (248 eyes) with DES of professional etiology were enrolled in this study. Patients of the experimental group (CFL) took three 25-day courses of cytoflavin separated by 1 month intervals, while the control group received placebo. Results. Reception of CFL over 3-month cycles with intervals of 30 days contributed to an increase in visual acuity (VA) by 29,0-34,0%, Schirmer's test (ST) by 27.0-51.0%, and Norn's test (NT) by 7.5-11.0%, meniscus measurements (MM) by 32.0-37.0% and lower indices of intraocular pressure (IOP) by 3-5% in both occupational groups. Conclusion. The resulting increase in values of parameters characterizing the functional activity of the lacrimal gland under the action of the CFL suggest that pharmacological energy protection contributes to the improvement of tear production and eye hydrodynamics in welders and office workers.

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Differential approach to the diagnosis of dry eye syndrome in an outpatient setting

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 795-799
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Review
Authors: Azamatova G.A., Aznabaev М.Т., Gaysina G.Ya.
Organization: Bashkir State Medical University of the Russian Health Care
Summary:

Due to the high prevalence of dry eye syndrome (DES) among patients ophthalmologists need in an outpatient setting in a real equipment quickly and accurately diagnose this disease to provide successful and effective treatment. The article summarizes the experience of clinical use. traditional research methods for dry eye syndrome (slit lamp inspection, biomicroscopy using vital dyes; Schirmer's test, Norn's test or test to determine the time of tearing of the tear film) in ambulatory conditions reception of the ophthalmologist. This review presents the most optimal algorithm for examination of patients with DES. The authors of the article pointed to the most informative diagnostic methods for detecting changes in each of the layers of the tear film.

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