Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Azamatova G.A.

Bashkir State Medical University, Assistant Professor of Department of Ophthalmology with postgraduate course, PhD

Physiotherapy in diseases of the anterior segment of the eye

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 941-945
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Review
Authors: Nazarova Е.М., Azamatova G.A., Akhtyamov A.E., Iseeva D.R.
Organization: Bashkir State Medical University of the Russian Health Care
Summary:

In the literature review were considered both well-established and modern physiotherapeutic methods used in the treatment of diseases of the anterior eye segment. Also, were presented the methods of combined effects of physical factors and pharmacological drugs, new methods of physiotherapy effects, were described the advantages and disadvantages, reinforcing the well-established recommendations of new modifications based on clinical trials.

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Ophthalmic medicinal films in the prevention of infectious and inflammatory complications

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 933-938
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Review
Authors: Aznabaev М.Т., Azamatova G.A., Gaysina G.Ya.
Organization: Bashkir State Medical University of the Russian Health Care
Summary:

This review focuses on prolonged dosage form — ophthalmic medicinal films. The composition, method of manufacturing the main eye films used in ophthalmology, the mechanism of prolongation of the immobilized drug substance are considered. The evacuation of the antibiotic from the polymer matrix, the pharmacokinetics of the drug, the therapeutic effect of the use of films was studied. When using eye films with an antibiotic in the chamber moisture of the eye, a therapeutically effective concentration of the drug substance is created and maintained for a long time. Ophthalmic medicinal films have significant advantages over the widely used methods of preoperative prevention of infection complications. Of great interest are eye films with fluoroquinolones based on a polysaccharide-modified matrix. Developed ophthalmic medicinal films have, in addition to the specific biological effects of an effective antibiotic, additional desired properties. The most promising forms of eye films for the prevention and treatment of intraocular infection are highlighted.

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Study of the change in the volume of accommodation in students with visual load using Tonoref III (Nidek, Japan)

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 808-811
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Review
Authors: Hanova J.I., Nabiullin A.R., Avhadeeva S.R., Azamatova G.A.
Organization: Bashkir State Medical University of the Russian Health Care
Summary:

Purpose: to evaluate the volume of accommodation in students with the help of Tonoref III (Nidek, Japan) apparatus before and after the visual load, and also to identify the correlation of the volume of accommodation with the refraction indices and papilla size. Material and Methods. We investigated 204th year students of BSMU who passed the test of accommodation and refraction on the device Tonoref III (Nidek, Japan) 10 minutes before and immediately after a lecture. Results. We identified that the accumulative response after the exercise was weakened and clinical refraction was increased. The accommodation afterthe load was decreased. By reducing the amount of accommodation revealed an increase in the diameter of a pupil. Students with less severe refractive disorders showed a stronger increase in clinical refraction after exercise than students with moderate to high degrees of myopia. Conclusion. We concluded that the load reduces the absolute volum of accommodation, and this, in turn, leads to an increase in clinical refraction, dilated pupil and reduced visual acuity. Students with emmetropia and mild myopia are particularly susceptible to the above-mentioned changes.

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Differential approach to the diagnosis of dry eye syndrome in an outpatient setting

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 795-799
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Review
Authors: Azamatova G.A., Aznabaev М.Т., Gaysina G.Ya.
Organization: Bashkir State Medical University of the Russian Health Care
Summary:

Due to the high prevalence of dry eye syndrome (DES) among patients ophthalmologists need in an outpatient setting in a real equipment quickly and accurately diagnose this disease to provide successful and effective treatment. The article summarizes the experience of clinical use. traditional research methods for dry eye syndrome (slit lamp inspection, biomicroscopy using vital dyes; Schirmer's test, Norn's test or test to determine the time of tearing of the tear film) in ambulatory conditions reception of the ophthalmologist. This review presents the most optimal algorithm for examination of patients with DES. The authors of the article pointed to the most informative diagnostic methods for detecting changes in each of the layers of the tear film.

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