Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Tashkent Medical Academy

Modern approaches to treatment of uveitis in systemic diseases of connective tissue

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 956-960
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Review
Authors: Kamalova K.B., Zakirkhodjayev R.A., Asrorkhodjayeva I.R.
Organization: Tashkent Medical Academy
Summary:

 Uveitis can develop in various systemic diseases of connective tissue. This article provides data on modern methods of treatment for such cases of uveitis. Uveitis in systemic diseases of the connective tissue develops due to violations of cellular and humoral immunity. Given the pathogenesis of the primary disorder, treatment of uveitis in systemic diseases of connective tissue involves use of cytotoxic drugs, TNFa inhibitors, cytokines, antibodies to lymphocyte surface antigens, and immunoglobulins. Due to the chronic course of the disorder and frequent relapses, it is advisable to use local and systemic glucocorticoid drugs with prolonged effect. The combined corticosteroid drug diprospan containing the two active ingredients of betamethasone provides a combination of immediate and prolonged effects, thereby improving patient's clinical condition and prolonging the period of remission.

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Modern approach to therapy of allergic conjunctivitis

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 938-941
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Review
Authors: Narzikulova K.l., Mirrakhimova S.Sh., Safarov J.O., Ibragimova N.N.
Organization: Buhara state medical institute, Tashkent Medical Academy
Summary:

Today allergic eye diseases are the one of most important problems for modern medicine. Despite that many literature sources characterize eye disorders in allergy, finding an effective therapy for these conditions is still a serious issue for ophthalmologists. Effective treatment of allergic conjunctivitis requires clear understanding of pathogenesis of this disease. According to this conception physician can build the plan of therapy for individual patient with the choice of proper drug. This article is a systemic review of latest data from literature that is devoted to pathogenetic therapy of allergic conjunctivitis. Analysis of many scientific works shows that olopatadine and cromoglicic acid are the most useful drugs among modern medications.

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The use of innovational computed method of color vision testing in clinical practice

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 913-916
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Original article
Authors: Bilalov E.N., Ziyoviddinov М.К., Bilalov B.E.
Organization: Tashkent Medical Academy
Summary:

The aim of study: to test created method of computed investigation of color vision with «TM A Computed color test» soft system. Materials and Methods. There was conducted comparative analysis of efficiency of computer program with conventional Rabkin's plates. Testing was conducted during entrance committee of Tashkent medical academy. During this period 3000 entrants were examined. Results. Measuring of basic physical color characteristic's shown that color characteristic's of monitor screen during test in «TMA Computed color test» are almost similar to those in Rabkin's plates, among 3000 entrants there were diagnosed 96 patients with color anomalies. Conclusion. It shown, that created method has a high efficiency in revealing of color anomalies during mass medical examinations and could be used in clinical practice.

Clinical review of allergic rhinitis in children with parasitic infestation

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 76-80
Heading: Otolaryngology Article type: Original article
Authors: Nurmukhamedova F.B.
Organization: Tashkent Medical Academy
Summary:

The research goal. Clinical and laboratory data in children with allergic rhinitis (AR) with parasitic infestation (PI) and without it were studied. Material and Methods. The study of AR patients was performed in the children's city diagnostic center. There were 100 children aged 3 to 14 years under our observation. Children were divided on to 2 groups: the main group (67 sick children with permanent allergic rhinitis with concomitant parasitic invasion), and a comparison group (33 patients with permanent allergic rhinitis without parasitic invasion). Results. We found that the clinical picture of AR with concomitant parasitosis in children is characterized by dyspeptic, asthenic vegetative, allergic dermatologi-cal syndromes, in addition to manifestations typical for AR. Conclusion. Analysis of the main clinical and laboratory parameters in children with AR revealed that PI in this case usually occur with subclinical symptoms. In many cases, patients AR required specific parasitological diagnosis allows you to assign a specific therapy is adequate in the detection of concomitant PI.

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