Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

chronic non-infectious diseases

Assessment of behavioral risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases among medical students

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №2 Pages: 342-347
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Balashova М.Е., Shemetova G.N., Gubanova G.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Aim: assessment of risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases in medical students to improve measures for the formation of a healthy lifestyle. Material and Methods. In order to identify risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases, a questionnaire method was used. A survey included 80 frst- year students and 80 sixth-year students of medical school. The questionnaire included information about the sex, age, smoking and alcohol consumption, physical activity, and nutrition. Results. Respondents are characterized by a high frequency of risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases (СNCD): low physical activity (60.0 %), poor diet (81.0 %), smoking (16.2 %). The combination of risk factors for the development of СNCD was revealed in 31.8 % of students. Conclusion. The high frequency of risk factors for CNS among students indicates the need to improve measures to increase the efectiveness of prevention, therapeutic measures and the formation of a healthy lifestyle.

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Experience of introducing telemedicine technologies for prophylaxis of cardio-vascular diseases

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 011-016
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Molodtsova E.V., Shemetova G.N.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Aim: to study the effectiveness of the implementation of the telemedicine program for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases in patients from high risk group and patients with arterial hypertension. Material and Methods. On the basis of "Railway clinical hospital at Saratov-ll station of "Russian Railways" developed and introduced to the work of the telemedicine program for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases in patients from high risk group that integrates all the activities of rehabilitation institutions and nursing nursing and telemedicine center. The analysis of efficiency of telemedical prevention work in the group of persons with risk factors and patients with arterial hypertension was performed. Results. In the group of patients participating in the telemedicine program, a decrease of morbidity with temporary disability on average by 58.8%; not registered any case of transfer of disease in the subsequent stage; there was a decline in hospitalization rates about of hypertension is 17.4%, and a reduction in the level of removal from flight among workers in locomotive service because of high blood pressure and excessive heart rate from 7.9 to 3.6 cases per 10000 examinations. Conclusion. Implementation of "home" telemedicine monitoring of blood pressure, heart rate, pulse rate, regularity of taking medications, virtual communication between doctor and patient, a visit to the online "Schools patient for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases" demonstrated sufficient efficacy. Tele-health program for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in patients from high risk group and patients with arterial hypertension help to teach patients to correct risk factors and to control their disease.

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The role of health centers in preventive care provision

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №4 Pages: 803-805
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Shemetova G.N., Sidorova N.V., Gubanova G.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Aim: to assess the importance of the Centers of Health in the organization and provision of preventive care to the population, in the early detection of risk factors for the development of chronic non-communicable diseases and the development of a healthy lifestyle. Material and Methods. On the basis of the Health Center of Engels Center for Medical Prevention in the Saratov Region, the detection of risk factors for 2011-2015 was analyzed according to statistical reporting (form No. 68) and health cards (form025-CZ/y) of 207 patients. To assess the satisfaction of visitors with the work of the Center, a specially developed questionnaire was conducted, which included 22 questions that characterize the patient profile, his attitude to the organization and the results of the survey, and the motivation to modify the way of life. Results. The study confirmed the important role of the Centers of Health in the organization and provision of preventive care to the population, the formation of a healthy lifestyle and the early detection of diseases and risk factors for their development. Conclusion. Only joint efforts of medical institutions, authorities, educational organizations, mass media can lead to the formation of the population's responsibility for their health and readiness to modify the way of life.

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The role of schools for patients in secondary prevention of arterial hypertension

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 481-483
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Short message
Authors: Shemetova G.N., Ryaboshapko A.l., Gubanova G.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Aim: to study the effectiveness of in-depth preventive counseling as one of the forms of information and training technologies for prevention of hypertension. Material and Methods. On the basis of the district hospitals of the Saratov region the analysis of volume and quality of preventive work in the group of persons with risk factors under investigation in the study of prevention and patients with arterial hypertension trained in Health School. Results. Analysis of the effectiveness of Schools for patients with arterial hypertension showed an increase in the number of people achieving the target blood pressure level from 32 to 42% and reducing the number of patients hospitalized for hypertensive crises, in comparison with the previous year by 22%. Conclusion. Schools for patients with arterial hypertension teach patients to correct risk factors and to control their disease.

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