Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

scleral collagen fibers

Treatment of bone defects of tibia edge during external anchorage of fragments

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 727-731
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Grazhdanov К.А., Barabash А.Р., Barabash Yu.A., Rusanov A.G., Kauts O.A.
Organization:
Summary:

The aim: to identify the efficiency of the improved technology of treatment of tibia marginal defects with the use of granular composite osteoplastic materials during external fixation of fragments. Material and Methods. The observation group was made up of 12 patients with the consequences of lower extremity traumas who had undergone osteosyn-thesis of fractures by an external fixation device with defect alloplasty We used clinical and ray-tracing testing methods and also standardized system of assessment of outcomes of bone fractures and their consequences to control the processes of restoration of bone structure integrity. Results. According to the standardized system of assessment of outcomes in 12-18 months in the course of the rehabilitation measures degree of restoration of anatomic functional indices was 92±5%. Bone density made up 91,3±0,54 HU (p<0,05) before surgery according to the Hounsfield scale, increase in the given parameter was observed in a month and a half after surgery up to 153,1 ±0,97 HU and in 3 months up to 162,7±0,78 HU. Conclusion. Application of granular composite osteoplastic materials for plastic surgery of tibia marginal defects during external fixation of fragments allow us to carry out anatomic reconstruction of the bone reducing surgery injury rate based on the absence of necessity of taking autogenous tissues from the other zones.

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Assessment of possibilities of transmission polarization mapping for the characterization of sclera macrostructure

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №2 Pages: 435-441
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Original article
Authors: Shvachkina M.E., Pravdin А.В., Tikhonov D.A., Kamenskikh T.G., Yakovlev D.D., Yakovlev D.A.
Organization: Saratov state university, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The purpose of the study is to assess possibilities of applying the method of transmission polarization mapping for characterization of sclera structure. Material and methods. In the work, samples of rat, rabbit, porcine, and human sclera were examined. Samples of the human sclera were taken (enucleation of the eyeball) from patients with diagnoses: terminal painful glaucoma, subatrophy of the eyeball. From the enucleated eyes, sclera samples were taken from the posterior pole of the eye and from the equator. The sample transparency required for carrying out transmission polarization mapping in thick samples was achieved using immersion optical clearing, 85% and 50% aqueous glycerol solutions and 40% aqueous glucose solution being used as immersion agents. The polarization mapping system used in this work was assembled on the basis of a polarization microscope equipped with a measuring video camera. Re-sults. It is shown that the method of transmission polarization mapping can be used to measure the parameters of the orientational order of scleral collagen fibers, mapping of human sclera samples requiring conduction of the polarization measurements under optical clearing conditions. Since the disorganization of collagen structures of eye connective tissue can be considered as the initial stage of glaucoma process, the technique of transmission polarization mapping can be used as a basis for in vitro studies of the pathogenesis of primary open-angle glaucoma. Conclusion. The potential and limitations of polarization mapping in studying sclera structure in vitro have been established.

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