Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

South Ural State Medical University

Peculiarities of psychological tests for pregnant women prone to abandoning a newborn

Year: 2020, volume 16 Issue: №4 Pages: 956-959
Heading: public health Article type: Original article
Authors: Manerova О.А., Markina A.Yu.
Organization: First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M. Sechenov, South Ural State Medical University
Summary:

The goal is to develop and use psychological tools (test) as an element of the system of primary prevention of early social orphanhood being created in a large industrial region. Material and Methods. The developed psychological test was empirically tested in 2018 on a group of pregnant women, consisting of 113 respondents aged 15-40 years, living in the Chelyabinsk region. The electronic version of the test (questionnaire) was introduced into the work of the regional obstetric and gynecological service in September 2019. Results. The questionnaire showed high sensitivity, identifying in 95% of abandoned mothers in 2019 an increased tendency to abandon a newborn. Most of the pregnant women inclined to abandon the child were identified in urban districts of the region (51 women), and the least — in rural areas (17 women). During the year, a positive effect in the prevention of abandonment was achieved in relation to 54.0% of women initially inclined to abandon a newborn. The best result was shown in the regional center — 60.0%. Conclusion. An effective diagnostic technique has been obtained, which makes it possible to purposefully carry out preventive work to prevent early social orphanhood. The developed test made it possible to exclude as much as possible the subjective moment in the statements of pregnant women about the fate of newborns, which led to a more expeditious start of preventive measures to counter refusals.

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Features of the level and dynamics of early social orphanhood as a medical and social phenomenon in various administrative-territorial formations of the Chelyabinsk region

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №4 Pages: 904-909
Heading: public health Article type: Original article
Authors: Markina A.Yu.
Organization: South Ural State Medical University
Summary:

The aim is study the features of the level and dynamics of early social orphanhood as a medical and social phenomenon in various administrative and territorial entities of the Chelyabinsk region. Material and Methods. The method of copying data from the accounting documentation of the maternity hospital was applied (Form No. 32 "Information on medical care for pregnant women, puerperals and parturient women" for 2009-2017, Form No. 96 "Birth history"). A total of 1438 observation units were investigated. Results. During the period from 2009 to 2017 in the Chelyabinsk region there is almost two-fold reduction in the number of early social orphans: from 175 to 84 newborns. The highest prevalence of newborns abandonment was in urban districts:4.5±0.9 cases per 1000 newborns. Among women from rural areas and from megalopolis those indices did not differ significantly: 3.5±0.2 and 3.3±0.4 cases per 1000 newborns respectively (p>0.05). Conclusion. In the Chelyabinsk region the number of early social orphan hood decreased by almost half by the period of 2009-2017. The number of these children in megalopolis, urban and rural districts was subjected to serious fluctuations in the particular years of the study. Considering the differences in the level of birth rate and female population of reproductive age in urban and rural areas it is necessary to use index "prevalence of newborns abandonment per 1000 newborns" proposed by us. After a sharp decrease in absolute and relative values reflecting the number of early social orphans at the turn of 2013-2014, the indicators stabilized in subsequent years. This may be a consequence of both the reduction of preventive measures and the formation in the population of mothers of refusers of a certain contingent, which is insensitive to traditional methods of socio-psychological impact.

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Manifestations of pathomorphosis at pregnant women with heart diseases

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №2 Pages: 233-238
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Original article
Authors: Kazachkova E.A., Kazachkov E.L., Vorobiev I.V.
Organization: South Ural State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: to study the structure of heart defects in pregnant women, the features of the medico-social portrait, the course of pregnancy and perinatal outcomes in patients with heart defects in the light of pathomorphosis. Material and Methods. A retrospective clinical and anamnestic analysis of the medical documentation of 165 patients delivered in the maternity hospital of the Municipal Health Care Institution of the City Clinical Hospital No. 6 in Chelyabinsk in 1991-1994 was conducted, (group 1)and a prospective cohort study of 168 patients who were delivered to this hospital between 2011 and 2014 (group 2) in accordance with a modified WHO classification for assessing the risk of cardiovascular complications for the mother and offspring, the characteristics of the medico-social portrait, The course of pregnancy and perinatal outcomes in patients with heart defects in the light of the doctrine of pathomorphosis. Results. It is established that over the past 20 years, there have been significant changes in the structure of heart diseases, the medical and social characteristics of patients with this disease, complications of gestation, which must be taken into account when choosing the optimal tactics for pregravid preparation, pregnancy in women with heart defects. Conclusion. The significant changes in the structure and frequency of heart defects observed in modern pregnant women with heart defects, in the features of the medical and social portrait of these patients, and also during pregnancy, childbirth and perinatal outcomes, can be treated as pathomorphosis in the clinical (narrow) sense.

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