Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

deformation

Psychophysiological support of orthopedic treatment in patients with dento-alveolar form of dentition and occlusion

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №3 Pages: 456-459
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Original article
Authors: Razakov D.Kh., Timofeev D.A., Konnov V.V., Proshin A.G., KlimovA.V., Pylaev E.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The purpose: to improve the treatment of patients with orthopedic dento-alveolar deformation of dentition and occlusion by using a range of methods of psychophysiological support of patient care. Material and methods. The study included 86 patients, men and women aged from 18 to 49 years with dento-alveolar deformation of dentition and occlusion. The study used clinical, anthropometric, radiological, photometric and static methods. At each stage of treatment, to investigate the characteristics of the functional status of patients methods of SAN, IPC «adaptive», self-esteem of patients by developed questionnaire were used. Results. A direct, reliable, moderate correlation has been established between the estimates that have given quality of care to patients with a regularity of the complex of psychophysiological methods proposed. Conclusion. A positive impact of the proposed complex of psychophysiological methods to support the functional characteristics of the patients and their assessment of the treatment, and the effectiveness of orthopedic treatment have been determined.

AttachmentSize
2013-03_456-459.pdf256.89 KB

Application of dynamic elect roneuro-stimulation at treatment of patients with deformations of dentitions complicated by muscular and articular dysfunction

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №3 Pages: 418-421
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Original article
Authors: Konnov V.V., Razakov D.Kh., Soyher M.G., Klenkova M.I., Klimov A.V., Pylaev E.V.
Organization: Center for Interdisciplinary Dentistry and Neurology, Moscow, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The purpose: to evaluate the efficacy of dynamic electroneurostimulation in the complex treatment of patients with strains of dentition complicated by muscular and articular dysfunction. Material and methods. A total of 38 patients aged 25 to 49 years with the strains of dentition, complicated by muscular and articular dysfunction. Clinical, radiological and graphical methods have been applied. In the combined treatment of dentition deformities complicated by muscular and articular dysfunction, to relieve pain the method of dynamic electroneurostimulation has been used. Results help provide the information about the features and effectiveness of dynamic dysfunction. Conclusion. The use of dynamic electroneurostimulation relieves pain in various degrees of dysfunction in this case, restoring the function of the masticatory muscles and temporomandibular joint. Combining the frequency increases the therapeutic effect of the method by reducing the time of onset of analgesia and extending the duration of its action.

AttachmentSize
2013-03_418-421.pdf244.78 KB

Anterior cerebral artery variants according to individually-typological and combined variabilities of its morphological and biomechanical features

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №1 Pages: 28-33
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: Fomkina О.A., Nikolenko V.N.
Organization: First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M. Sechenov, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The purpose of the article is to define variants of anterior cerebral artery (АСА) of adults depending on typological and combined variability of its morphological and biomechanical features. Material and methods: The research has included 228 samples of anterior cerebral arteries, 115 corpses of people aged 21-84 years received on autopsy. The following points have been under the research: external and internal diameters, wall thickness, general strength, strength range, absolute and relative deformation of an artery. Results: According to the studied parameters 3 groups of variants of arteries have been allocated: with average size of a sign (M±s), with lesser size of a sign ( M + s). Combined variability of morphological and biomechanical features of АСА has been presented. Conclusion: АСА groups with higher variability, especially at men, have been observed in 2,2-2,6 times more often, than at women. As exception, thin-walled АСА which in 1,7 times more often taped at women have been considered. It has been revealed that subjects of alternative group III in 1,2-1,7 times older than those of alternative group I of arteries. Age of subjects who have been classified according to biomechanical parameters of АСА wall has been approximately identical (r=0,28-0,51). The experimentally received data about morphological, deforming and strengthening features may be of great value in studying of blood flow modeling and in optimization of intravascular interventions on cerebral arteries.

AttachmentSize
2013-01_028-033.pdf274.75 KB

Individual typological variability of macro-microscopical and biomechanical properties of intracranial part of vertebral artery

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №4 Pages: 894-899
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: Nikolenko V.N., Fomkina О.A.
Organization: First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M. Sechenov, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The purpose of the study is to reveal the features of individual typological variability of macro-microscopical and biomechanical properties of the wall of intracranial part of vertebral arteries (IPVA) in adult people. Materials and methods: The research material of 228 samples of IPVA has been received by autopsy of 115 corpses of people aged 21-84 years. External diameter, thickness of the wall, diameter of lumen of artery have been measured. Biomechanical properties of IPVA have been studied by explosive carTira Test 28005 with a loading cell of 100 H. General strength (H), breaking point (H/mm2), Young»s modulus (H/mm2), absolute (mm) and relative deformation (%) of samples of arteries have been defined. Results: 3 groups of variants of arteries have been isolated: with average size of a sign (M±y), less than the average size (<M — y) and more than the average size (>M+ y). The conclusion: The obtained data about functional anatomy of vascular bed of brain may be useful in blood flow modeling and optimization of extra — and intravascular interventions.

AttachmentSize
201204-894-899.pdf265.02 KB

TO THE QUESTION ABOUT THE MULTIPLANAR DEFORMITIES OF THE PROXIMAL PART OF FEMUR

Year: 2007, volume 3 Issue: №4 Pages: 89-93
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: V.A. Vinikurov, N.Kh. Bakhteeva, A.V. Grigorieva, L.I. Biryukova
Organization: Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics
Summary:

The analysis of the long-term results of 47 patients (54 hip joints) with the hip joint dysplasia is presented in this article. The course of disease was complicated by the multiplanar deformity of the proximal part of femur and early development of deforming coxarthrosis. The analysis allows to define the clinical and X-ray signs of the possible multiplanar deformity of the proximal part of femur in children with dysplasia of the hip joints. It also allows to diagnose the pathological shanges during the treatment ad at the age until 12 months. The worked out tactics of treatment for such patients allows to prevent the development of the early coxarthrosis.

Age-Specific and Sexual Variability of Morphological and Biomechanical Parameters of the Basilar Artery of Adult People

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №2 Pages: 159-163
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: O.A. Fomkina, V.N. Nicolenko
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

For the purpose of studying of morphological and biomechanical parameters of the basilar artery in an experiment on monoaxonic distension by tensile-testing machine Tira Test 28005 (Germany) with a loading cell — 100 N we determined general solidity, breaking point, maximum and relative deformation of the artery. Preliminary under a microscope on cross-section cuts we measured the external diameter of the artery, its wall thickness and calculated the diameter of the lumen. In total, 114 basilar arteries (66 — from corpses of men, 48 — from corpses of women) have been investigated. They were received not later than 16 hours after autopsy of adult people, whose cause of death has not been connected with a sharp vascular cerebral pathology. The statistically authentic prevalence of the size of wall thickness and general solidity of the men’s artery wall was revealed. In age aspect the external diameter, the lumen diameter and the wall thickness of the basilar artery increase. At the same time the solidity of the wall decreases and its ability to prolongation increases.

AttachmentSize
200902_159_163.pdf385.2 KB