Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Pozgaleva N.V.

Neonatology Assistant Professor, Candidate of Medical Science; N. V. Pozgaleva — Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky, Department of Hospital Pediatrics and Neonatology, Assistant

Inadequate motivation for maternity is the risk factor for a perinatal fetus pathology and a newborn

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №4 Pages: 857-859
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Short message
Authors: Panina O.S., Privalova I.V., Chernenkov Yu.V., Pozgaleva N.V., Cherednikova E.N.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

One of the important social risk factors for the birth of a child with pathology in our time is tobacco smoking, with both mother and father. Goal: assess the formation of motivation for motherhood by questioning women with tobacco. Material and Methods. To carry out the research, we used the "Methods of Investigating Motives for Preserving Pregnancy" according to L. N. Rabovalyuk, N.A. Kravtsovoy; methodology "Motives for the conception of a child" by OA. Urusova. Results. When analyzing the results using the method "Motives for conceiving a child" (OA Urusova), in 45.7% of the women studied, an inadequate type of motivation for motherhood was revealed. An unconstructive motive is the high desire of the subject to have a being that will embody her unrealized dreams and plans. 54.3% of mothers, as the predominant type, have an adequate type of motivation for maternity. In addition, the motives for responsibility for the life of the child, the joy of motherhood, the awareness of the child's own values, the desire to have it for the sake of positive life goals and himself are revealed. Conclusion. Timely detection of inadequate motivation for motherhood and proper prioritization will reduce the percentage of pathological pregnancy, increase the birth rate of healthy newborns.

AttachmentSize
2017_04_857-859.pdf229.29 KB

Risk factors for the development of necrotizing enterocolitis in newborns

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 495-498
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Original article
Authors: Mezhlunyan А.А., Panina O.S., Pozgaleva N.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The goal is to analyze the various risk factors for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in newborn infants of different gestational age. Material and Methods. A retrospective analysis of medical records (forms 096/y, 097/y)for2011-2015 was conducted. 20 pairs "mother— newborn". The criterion for inclusion in the analysis was the presence in the diagnosis of necrotizing enterocolitis. A method of descriptive statistics was used to interpret the data. The calculation of intensive and extensive indicators is carried out. Results. When analyzing the results, it was found that all patients had a combination of processes leading to spasm of the vessels of the intestinal wall, which led to mucosal ischemia and necrosis, as well as intestinal contamination with pathogenic microflora, which caused damage to the intestinal mucosa. Conclusion. To prevent the development of NEC, it is necessary to take into account the presence of newborn risk factors for the development of the disease, this requires an analysis of the current course of pregnancy, childbirth and the early neonatal period.

AttachmentSize
2017_03_495-498.pdf576.35 KB

The role of biomarkers in early diagnostics of inflammatory diseases of intestine in newborns

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №2 Pages: 256-259
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Review
Authors: Chernenkov Yu.V., Pozgaleva N.V. Panina OS.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Information on noninvasive biomarkers and methods for studying inflammatory bowel diseases in newborns has been summarized. It is based on the analysis of data taken from foreign and Russian literature. The need for additional study of factors affecting the level of fecal protein production in newborns is substantiated.

AttachmentSize
2017_02_256-259.pdf262.79 KB

The clinical significance of palivi-zumab in the prevention of severe respiratory infections in newborn infants

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №2 Pages: 165-167
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Case report
Authors: Bykova Е.М., Gavrilova E.S., Borisova А.А., Pazgalyova N.V., Panina O.S., Chernenkov Yu.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Palivizumab is known as the world's first drug with proven efficacy for passive immunization of severe infections of lower respiratory tract in preterm infants. The paper describes a clinical case of application of palivizumab (sinagis) at a newborn infant with bronchopulmonary dysplasia complicated by episodes of obstructive bronchitis. Particular attention is paid to the mechanism of action of palivizumab on the respiratory syncytial virus providing the data on a clinical picture of respiratory syncytial virus infection in a premature baby and showing the effectiveness of the drug in infants.

AttachmentSize
2016_02_165-167.pdf221.05 KB

Clinical case of the course of congenital alveolar-capillary dysplasia of the lungs at a newborn

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №2 Pages: 162-164
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Case report
Authors: Gavrilova E.S., Borisova А.А., Bykova Е.М., Pozgalyova N.V., Panina O.S., Chernenkov Yu.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article describes a clinical case of a child with an alveolar-capillary dysplasia of the lungs — a rare cause of pulmonary hypertension at a newborn. This pathology is of particular interest from a clinical point of view as it rarely occurs in the clinical practice of a neonatologist. It should be noted that the prenatal diagnosis of this disease is of significant difficulty. The authors found it necessary to highlight the cause of development, the clinical presentation and the methods of diagnostics of alveolar-capillary dysplasia of the lungs.

AttachmentSize
2016_02_162-164.pdf239.27 KB

Clinical case: paroxysmal tachycardia attack in a newborn with multiple heart rhabdomyomas

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №1 Pages: 45-48
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Case report
Authors: Chernenkov Yu.V., Pozgaleva N.V., Panina O.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The purpose of the clinical observation is to study the early symptoms of multiple heart rhabdomiomas of a newborn; to draw the attention of specialists on one of the rarely occurred problems in the neonatal practice.

AttachmentSize
2016_01_045-048.pdf1.08 MB